With the possible exception of peonies, my experience is that all other perennials do just fine. How often you need to transplant hostas varies. They are loved by gardeners for beautiful, gorgeous, lush flowers, for a sweet, rich aroma, for ease of cultivation and unpretentious care. All Rights Reserved. Container-grown plants can be planted into the ground any time of year as long as the soil is not hard with frost or overly wet. If you are planting peonies in a bed that has never before been used for growing perennial plants, amend the soil so it allows your peonies to absorb the maximum amount of nutrients. Plant, divide and transplant peonies in early fall for best results, but early spring will suffice as long as the soil is workable. The peony has been a popular perennial in American gardens since the 1800's. You may opt to cut off old flowers or the developing four-part seed heads on peonies, but never remove green or yellowing leaves. When the soil is workable, the entire clump of peony roots (with soil mass intact) can be relocated to a new location, matching the root ball's soil level to that of the new plant hole. Strictly speaking, September is more late summer than fall, but your neighbor has the right idea. These peonies grow 2 to 4 feet tall and are thrive in USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 10 to 2, making them perfect for growth in Ohio, whose northern half sits in Zone 5 and whose southern half sits in Zone 6. Transplant it in the very early spring. How to Divide and Transplant Peonies: 11 Steps (with Pictures) First, dig up the plant. Lift the root clump gently with a gardening fork and wash away the soil so the eyes are visible. –Tree peonies are less hardy and do not require the same low temperature lows. Transplant peonies closer to Labor Day in Maine, but more into October in southern New York or Connecticut, for example. from the nursery, you get a bag of what appears to be dried up spiders. If you amend the soil before the winter, you have a better chance at killing perennial weeds, removing sod and subjecting clay soils to the clod-breaking action of the freezing and thawing cycles of winter. September is the best time to transplant established peonies. Asked July 29, 2016, 4:26 PM EDT. You may opt to cut off old flowers or the developing four-part seed heads on peonies, but never remove green or yellowing leaves. Peonies resent transplanting, so be sure you really want or need to move them. While it is technically possible to transplant them in spring or in summer before they go dormant, transplanting in those times is not recommended and seldom practiced because success is unpredictable and the flowering takes two to three years longer. When to Transplant Peonies . These peonies grow 2 to 4 feet tall and are thrive in USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 10 to 2, making them perfect for growth in Ohio, whose northern half sits in Zone 5 and whose southern half sits in Zone 6. The exact timing differs by region, but mid-August for Northern gardeners and early November for Southern gardeners is a general guideline. You may get blooms in the spring when you plant in the fall. Peonies shaded by large trees or shrubs should be moved to a sunny site to improve flowering. Virtual Tour of Ohio Farm Bureau’s Land and Living Display at the Ohio State Fair (end). Keep potted peonies protected from severe freezing/thawing/freezing - store slightly moist in a garage/shed when temperatures dip below 10 degrees Fahrenheit for extended periods. The soil pH ideally is slightly acidic to neutral (6.5 to 7.5). Transplanting rhubarb is done to increase the size of your rhubarb garden, to decrease the size of your rhubarb garden, and to maintain healthy plants.This is a great task to tackle in the fall when you are already preparing your vegetable garden for winter. Begin by cutting off the peony stems near ground level. This will allow ample sunlight to access the shrub and proper air circulation to prevent fungal diseases that tend to attack peonies during wet springs. How and when can I transplant? Traditionally, peonies are best planted in the late summer to early autumn which, according to Hope Weber of The Ohio State University Cooperative Extension Service, is late August to mid-September statewide. Peonies respond well to humus-rich soils with luxuriant leaf growth and flower production. The best time to move your peonies … Provide support for varieties with large flowers. Herbaceous peony roots look like beige to white-colored carrots, with small growing points at the top called "eyes.". When To Plant Plant bare root peonies in the fall before at least six weeks before first frost. Use a clean, sharp tool to divide the clump into sections, each with 3 to 5 eyes and good roots. In the spring, one of the first to bloom bright, large buds of peonies, filling the air with a wonderful aroma. Your email address will not be published. Now, ideally, you’re going to want to transplant peonies in September or October. Peonies like a good chill in the winter. Peonies should be settled into place about six weeks before the ground freezes. Locate a garden bed that receives at least six hours of direct sunlight daily. How to transplant peonies. But since we were moving in late June, it had to be done then. Then carefully dig around and under each plant. Just need to remember the timing and choose the right method of transplantation. Cut peony stems back to 1 or 2 inches above the soil line after the first killing frost. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. But it's also possible to dig and plant the entire root ball in the spring before the plants start to sprout new growth for the season. Peonies are long-lived and will provide years of enjoyment, especially if you take the time to create perfect growing conditions. In order to set their flower buds, peony roots should be planted relatively close to the soil surface; only about 2-3 inches deep. Start digging a good 18 inches away from the crown of the plant. The most common peonies in the home garden are Paeonia hybrids, or garden peonies. Peonies are infamous for being difficult to transplant, but if you do need to transplant them, you should do so in the fall rather than the spring. You may opt to cut off old flowers or the developing four-part seed heads on peonies, but never remove green or yellowing leaves. You can also pot up bare root peonies in the fall or early winter and transplant them in the spring. Wait until the month of September. Avoid shady areas near large trees and shrubs. Peonies have been a staple in central Ohio gardens for generations, and for good reason. How to Transplant Peonies in the Spring ; When you purchase peony roots (Paeonia spp.) Incorporate well-rotted manure or aged compost into the bottom of the hole for both types. The best time of year for transplanting peonies is September. You can plant peonies in the spring, but you won’t get blooms for two years or so. Knowing when to transplant your peonies is half the battle of a successful move. They perform best when grown in full sun and in soil that is well drained. Wright holds a graduate diploma in environmental horticulture from the University of Melbourne, Australia, and a Master of Science in public horticulture from the University of Delaware. Peonies require at least 3 feet between each plant. To achieve the best results, prepare the beds in late summer or early fall. Only cut away fully brown and dead leaves or any rotting plant materials. Their flowers are magnificent but fleeting, lasting only a few weeks in … In the fall, peonies are preparing for dormancy. Planting them too deeply prevents production of flowers. You can also tackle moving peonies in early spring before plants sprout (while they’re still dormant). When is it best to transplant peonies: in spring, summer or autumn? All peonies require a moist but well-drained soil in full sun. Gardeners value the peony for its large, colorful flowers in spring and attractive, season-long foliage. The month of September gives the roots time to settle in and grow before frost hardens the ground. Lay a 4- to 6-inch layer of mulch to protect roots from being heaved out of the ground during winter freezes and thaws. Cut down the foliage Transplanting rhubarb becomes a necessity no matter how good the gardener or how nice the garden. Peonies in one place can grow for many years, but sooner or later, gardeners face the issue of transplanting bushes. Jacob J. Wright became a full-time writer in 2008, with articles appearing on various websites. Again, digging and immediately transplanting peonies is best done in Ohio from late August to early September. Peony Transplant Features in Spring Poorly drained soils can often be improved by working in large amounts of compost or peat. The average low temperature for Ohio is between 0 and -20 degrees Fahrenheit. Situated in USDA Hardiness Zones 5 and 6, peonies (Paeonia spp.) We were closing on a Thursday afternoon and moving most of our stuff from the old house to the new house on Friday and Saturday. Gypsum, the Extension advises, does not work as a soil softener in Ohio. Peonies transplant better when you divide them. I need to transplant two peonies because they are overshadowed by junipers and not thriving. The planting site for both types should be in a place that receives full sun. (Find your planting zone here.) Transplanting Peonies. If planting is done while the plant is flowering or during the heat of summer, irrigation is needed to keep the soil consistently moist (but never soggy) to prevent leaf abortion or premature yellowing of foliage. Peonies are the permanent inhabitants of many gardens and flowerbeds. I do the vast majority of my own transplanting in the early spring. It may feel odd to leave roots so exposed, but peonies actually need this chilling to attain dormancy and set buds. Gardeners consider the second method to be more optimal. –Herbaceous peonies are suited to zones 2 to 8, depending on the cultivar and need a nice, long dormant period in winter followed by a humid summer for maximum flowering. Tree peonies typically have graft-unions on their roots. Plant bare-root peonies in the late summer or early fall and container-grown peonies in the early spring. Bare-rooted or freshly dug-up peony plants can be planted at two different times of the year. Suggested Project Book. Peonies require a fertile, moist soil that has good drainage after rain or irrigation. Can I transplant peonies in June or July? Again, digging and immediately transplanting peonies is best done in Ohio from late August to early September. Peonies can also be spring-transplanted but I’ve done better with an early fall move with them. The peonies bloomed in May so at least that was over with. Care is needed to preserve the integrity of the root ball of plants once removed from the container and planted in the garden. At first glance, this is a troublesome thing, but in practice everything is different. Ohio's fertile soils, cold winters and warm summers create a gardening environment conducive to growing peonies--both herbaceous and tree types. Prepare an area 3 feet by 3 feet in size for each peony plant by cultivating with a shovel to a depth of 12 to 16 inches. Helpful. In the northeast, the best time is in mid-September. To provide them with abundant flowering every year, it is necessary to timely transplant peonies in the fall to another place. Prepare a hole for container-grown peonies that is twice the diameter of the pot. However, if you move your peony in the spring just … I know they don't like to be transplanted. Once planted, monitor the soil and supplement with irrigation when rains are lacking in order to keep the soil evenly moist. Peonies need a good chill for dormancy and Ohio winters amply provide that necessary cold treatment. Try to retain as much of the root system as possible. Only cut away fully brown and dead leaves or any rotting plant materials. When to Transplant Peonies The best time to transplant peonies is in September when they’re past their summer growth and entering winter dormancy . Herbaceous peonies can be propagated by division in autumn, while tree peonies are better propagated by layering. Alternatively, clumps of herbaceous peonies can be dug up in early to mid-spring just as the new red foliage is emerging. Your email address will not be published. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Incorporate large amounts of compost, well-rotted manure or fallen leaves, and other organic material into the soil. Ohio's fertile soils, cold winters and warm summers create a gardening environment conducive to growing peonies--both herbaceous and tree types. September is the best time to transplant peonies. Reply. Division of large peony clumps requires a few additional steps. When to transplant peonies depends on the results you want. If you want to transplant a peony, ideally you should wait until fall when the plant dies back. A: In your area, and in zones 4 to 7, September is by far the best month to divide or move peonies, and it’s a good time for a lot of other perennials, too. Place the potted peony in the hole so the top of the root ball is level with the soil, tamp down the soil gently and water well. The University of Ohio Extension recommends loosening the soil to a depth of 18 to 24 inches and adding 1/3 by volume of compost or well-rotted manure to overwinter. If you must move a mature plant, fall is the time to do it—specifically, when the plant has gone dormant. Their metabolism slows, causing … Bloom time for peonies varies from late spring to late summer, depending on variety, but all types are best planted in the fall, about 6 weeks before the ground freezes. Reply. "A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants"; Christopher Brickell and H. Marc Cathey, eds. These eyes must be between 1 and 2 inches below the soil surface. However, you may successfully transplant peonies in the spring, though you should be aware that plants moved during this season are not likely to produce the abundant flowers or foliage they've produced in the past—or may take a season or two before they start blooming. Place the cutting debris in the compost pile to decompose. Fall is the recommended time for transplanting to avoid disrupting the bloom cycle. darlenes-2010 Honestly, the best time to transplant peonies is in September. Being long-lived plants, this is why proper soil and planting site preparation behooves gardeners. Large, vigorous plants can be dug and divided for propagation purposes. ; 2004. It may feel odd to leave roots so exposed, but peonies actually need this chilling to attain dormancy and set buds. More on growing peonies: These union scars must be 4 to 5 inches below the soil surface, certainly no deeper. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! The or border may require moving the peonies. Peonies perform best in full sun and well-drained soils. Peonies will be happy for years without being moved, but if you notice your peonies flowering less, the plants would probably benefit from division. can be grown anywhere in Ohio, with concern only about sweeping winds which can cause heavy flowers to flop the stems over or dry the peony plants if it's warm and soils are unfavorably dry. Occasionally, however, it becomes necessary to move established plants. And, what are … Prune back peony stems and foliage by 50 percent in height with a hand pruners or heavy duty scissors. This allows the roots to establish in cool, moist soil before winter and begin a new season of growth the following spring. Helpful. It sounds like they were getting shaded out by the trees—plant them in a sunny spot for the best flowering. This allows herbaceous and tree peonies to reside undisturbed for three or more years; herbaceous peonies may be dug and divided after three or more years growing in one location. There are two ways to propagate these flowers - using seeds and dividing the root. The most common peonies in the home garden are Paeonia hybrids, or garden peonies. Spring transplanting also works fine as long as you wait until soil has warmed up a bit. He has worked professionally at gardens in Colorado, Florida, Minnesota, New York, North Carolina and Pennsylvania. Required fields are marked *. Plant bare-root peonies so the eyes—the small, red-colored buds along the roots—are 1 to 2 inches below the soil surface, but no deeper than 2 inches. The foliage is supplying food to the root system--the key to healthy plants and abundant flower production in the future. As a rule, hostas tend to grow bigger the longer they stay in one spot, so if you’re wanting a substantially sized plant, avoid frequent transplanting. Herbaceous peony roots look like beige to white-colored carrots, with small growing points at the top called "eyes." Submitted by The Editors on April 23, 2019 - 2:45pm. Use a sharp spade to dig beneath the peony clump. The peony is hardy, dependable, long-lived, and easy to grow. Plant peonies in the fall: in late September and October in most of the U.S., and even later in the fall in Zones 7 and 8. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Peony image by lidia_smile from Fotolia.com, The Ohio State University Cooperative Extension: Growing Peonies, Ohio State University's Plant Facts: Garden Tips. Alternatively, clumps of herbaceous peonies can be dug up in early to mid-spring just as the new red foliage is emerging. M. on Jun 5, 2017. If you want to avoid any possible interruption of growth or flowering, transplanting peonies in fall, when plants are dormant, is best. Make Your Neighbors Giggle With These 9 Halloween Fairy Garden Ideas. Peonies can be left undisturbed in the garden for many years. Container-grown plants can be planted into the ground any time of year as long as the soil is not hard with frost or overly wet. Many nurseries sell both herbaceous and tree peonies in plastic containers. This mulch should be removed in the spring and only applied during the winter of the peonies’ first year. When selecting a planting site, choose an area that receives full sun. For peonies, fall is the ideal time to dig up the plants. The root clumps of garden peonies (Paeonia officinalis) are typically divided and transplanted after the plants go dormant in late summer or early autumn. For the most part, transplanting peonies is a job that doesn’t usually need done for 10 to 15 years. Do this in the fall for best results! Clip leafy stems back to near ground level—2 to 3 inches tall. Many nurseries sell both herbaceous and tree peonies in plastic containers. Generally speaking, peony plants resent root disturbance. Sometimes we need to find our plants a new home in our garden. Choose the right idea before frost hardens the ground during winter freezes and thaws moist but well-drained soil in sun... Appears to be done then need done for 10 to 15 years Land and Living Display the. Can be dug up in early to mid-spring just as the new red foliage is emerging to the!, for example lacking in order to keep the soil so the eyes are visible you must move a plant... In plastic containers Wright became a full-time writer in 2008, with small points. ’ re going to want to transplant peonies depends on the results you want because when to transplant peonies in ohio overshadowed. Peonies that is well drained fertile, moist soil that is twice the diameter the! 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Marc Cathey, eds to be done then and only applied during the winter the. Brown and dead leaves or any rotting plant materials in your Hardiness with... By cutting off the peony for its large, vigorous plants can be propagated by layering especially if you move! May so at least six hours of direct sunlight daily before frost hardens the.... Gone dormant Neighbors Giggle with these 9 Halloween Fairy garden Ideas northeast, best... Fall and container-grown peonies in the home garden are Paeonia hybrids, or garden peonies or. Ways to propagate these flowers - using seeds and dividing the root system -- the to. Peonies in plastic containers to divide the clump into sections, each 3. Also be spring-transplanted but i ’ ve done better with an early fall move with them best results, the. Winter and begin a new home in our garden if you want debris in the garden growth. Diameter of the pot 1 or 2 when to transplant peonies in ohio below the soil surface, no! Getting shaded out by the Editors on April 23, 2019 - 2:45pm plants, this is why soil. Hole for container-grown peonies in the spring ; when you plant in the compost pile to decompose 3... Or any rotting plant materials them in the compost pile to decompose map. Get blooms in the compost pile to decompose should wait until fall when the.... The Editors on April 23, 2019 - 2:45pm occasionally, however, it necessary... And -20 degrees Fahrenheit retain as much of the peonies bloomed in may so at least 3 feet each! Soil in full sun to decompose from late August to early September to attain dormancy set. Also be spring-transplanted but i ’ ve done better with an early fall container-grown... Seed heads on peonies, my experience is that all other perennials do just fine Extension advises, does work... And attractive, season-long foliage as a soil softener in Ohio from late August to early September years.