236. If a man is taken prisoner in war, and there is a sustenance in his house, but his wife leave house and court, and go to another house: because this wife did not keep her court, and went to another house, she shall be judicially condemned and thrown into the water. 1. 173. If the man does not wish to divorce her, he may If any one fail to meet a claim for debt, and sell himself, his wife, his son, and daughter for money or give them away to forced labor: they shall work for three years in the house of the man who bought them, or the proprietor, and in the fourth year they shall be set free. The following are just some of the laws contained in the Code of Hammurabi. or . . shall be executed. . the judge shall be publicly expelled from office. 2. or even enters a bar for drink, that priestess shall be executed by burning. 18. If a merchant entrust money to an agent (broker) for some investment, and the broker suffer a loss in the place to which he goes, he shall make good the capital to the merchant. If he give a cultivated corn-field or a cultivated sesame-field, the corn or sesame in the field shall belong to the owner of the field, and he shall return the money to the merchant as rent. If a chieftain or a man is captured on the “Way of the King” (in war), and a merchant buy him free, and bring him back to his place; if he have the means in his house to buy his freedom, he shall buy himself free: if he have nothing in his house with which to buy himself free, he shall be bought free by the temple of his community; if there be nothing in the temple with which to buy him free, the court shall buy his freedom. If a barber, without the knowledge of his master, cut the sign of a slave on a slave not to be sold, the hands of this barber shall be cut off. His field, garden, and house shall not be given for the purchase of his freedom. If he kill the cattle or sheep that were given to him, he shall compensate the owner with cattle for cattle and sheep for sheep. If any one hire a skilled artizan, he shall pay as wages of the . If the slave of a freed man strike the body of a freed man, his ear shall be cut off. She shall keep the house in order, bring up the children, and not sell the house-hold utensils. If a man marry a woman and she bear him no sons; if then this woman die, if the “purchase price” which he had paid into the house of his father-in-law is repaid to him, her husband shall have no claim upon the dowry of this woman; it belongs to her father’s house. If he had opened a tumor with the operating knife, and put out his eye, he shall pay half his value. If the patient be a freed man, he receives five shekels. both be tied up and drowned in the water; but if the husband decides to let Gave the rule of human beings to Marduk, set him over all other deities, It is widely believed that the Hammurabi Laws have been created on the grounds of Sumerian documents that predate Hammurabi Laws. them and take them to the palace, that woman shall be executed. 268. 64. If a man adopt a son, and if after he has taken him he injure his foster father and mother, then this adopted son shall return to his father’s house. But, it, nevertheless discriminated against slaves. CODE OF LAWS 1. If conspirators meet in the house of a tavern-keeper, and these conspirators are not captured and delivered to the court, the tavern-keeper shall be put to death. give light to the land. and the father acknowledges the sons of the female slave as his own, then It consists of 282 laws, with scaled punishments, adjusting "an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth" (lex talionis) as graded based on social stratification depending on social status and gender, of [ A tooth for a tooth ]. 184. that person shall pay one-half kilogram of silver. 194. To the end of time let the kings of the world follow the just words inscribed 25. For the complete list of 282 laws in the original If he were a slave his owner shall pay the physician two shekels. If any one be guilty of incest with his mother after his father, both shall be burned. If a man take a wife and she give this man a maid-servant as wife and she bear him children, and then this maid assume equality with the wife: because she has borne him children her master shall not sell her for money, but he may keep her as a slave, reckoning her among the maid-servants. 55. was created by Hammurabi, the sixth King of Babylon. If a man’s wife, who lives in his house, wishes to leave it, plunges into debt, tries to ruin her house, neglects her husband, and is judicially convicted: if her husband offer her release, she may go on her way, and he gives her nothing as a gift of release. If a “sister of a god” open a tavern, or enter a tavern to drink, then shall this woman be burned to death. If the woman die, his daughter shall be put to death. Some of the worksheets for this concept are Hammurabis code, Home, The law code of hammurabi, Law 12 unit 1 work law and society, Hammurabi activity, The code of hammurabi, Document based question on hammurabis code, The origins of judaism. The sons of the wife shall have no right to enslave the sons of the maid; the wife shall take her dowry (from her father), and the gift that her husband gave her and deeded to her (separate from dowry, or the purchase-money paid her father), and live in the home of her husband: so long as she lives she shall use it, it shall not be sold for money. If a man take a wife and this woman give her husband a maid-servant, and she bear him children, but this man wishes to take another wife, this shall not be permitted to him; he shall not take a second wife. be paid sixteen grams of silver for every thirty-five square meters of the They seem to have been written by the king of … . 24. If a free man's wife wishes to divorce him, the man may divorce her 211. If any one ensnare another, putting a ban upon him, but he can not prove it, then he that ensnared him shall be put to death. interest for the year. In addition, the renter who has neglected the field must plough it, so five gerahs, as wages of the potter five gerahs, of a tailor five gerahs, of . 41. Claude Hermann Walter Johns, M.A. hundred liters for a free person, that shipwright shall be paid sixteen grams 19. the contract shall be changed so that person will not owe the creditor any 61. If the merchant cheat the agent, in that as the latter has returned to him all that had been given him, but the merchant denies the receipt of what had been returned to him, then shall this agent convict the merchant before God and the judges, and if he still deny receiving what the agent had given him shall pay six times the sum to the agent. mine, governing the world in justice. First, Hammurabi’s laws were based on the harsh “eye for eye and a life for a life” mentality, ending in a death penalty for many slight offenses. . 10. If a man be guilty of incest with his daughter, he shall be driven from the place (exiled). 178. If a man bring chattels into his father-in-law’s house and pay the “purchase price,” if then his friend slander him, and his father-in-law say to the young husband: “You shall not marry my daughter,” the he shall give back to him undiminished all that he had brought with him; but his wife shall not be married to the friend. marry another woman and keep his first wife in his house as a slave. . 270. If a woman who lived in a man’s house made an agreement with her husband, that no creditor can arrest her, and has given a document therefor: if that man, before he married that woman, had a debt, the creditor can not hold the woman for it. 222. ( Log Out /  103. the pawnbroker must repay twice the amount denied. The Code of Hammurabi is a well-preserved Babylonian law code, dating back to about 1772 BC.It is one of the oldest deciphered writings of significant length in the world. If he perform a serious operation on an ass or ox, and kill it, he shall pay the owner one-fourth of its value. person, that surgeon shall be paid eighty grams of silver. The Code of Hammurabi is often cited as the oldest written laws on record, but they were predated by at least two other ancient codes of conduct from the Middle East. but later a natural disaster destroys the crop, the cultivator must stand shall amount to one-half kilogram of silver. ( Log Out /  If a slave says to the master, "you are not my master," the master shall cut off the slave's ear. If the “finger is pointed” at a man’s wife about another man, but she is not caught sleeping with the other man, she shall jump into the river for her husband. If his community will not pay for him, then he shall be placed in that field with the cattle (at work). 157. so that the strong should not oppress the weak, and to rise like Shamash to ( Log Out /  231. The Code of Hammurabi is often cited as the oldest written laws on record, but they were predated by at least two other ancient codes of conduct from the Middle East. If a free person's slave strikes the cheek of another free person, the Hammurabi then created his code of laws, which consists of 282 laws, in the year 1750 BC. 117. Written in the dominant language at the time, the Akkadian language, the code provided a legal framework for the exchange of goods and services in the ancient city-state of Babylon. 215. If any one bring an accusation against a man, and the accused go to the river and leap into the river, if he sink in the river his accuser shall ... 3. If a free person is in debt and loses a crop because of a natural disaster, If a free person helps a slave of either a palace or a civil-servant escape, Her position of inheritance belongs to her brothers. 143. 243. . in the house, the looter shall be executed by being thrown into that fire. If the prisoner die in prison from blows or maltreatment, the master of the prisoner shall convict the merchant before the judge. If any one steal the property of a temple or of the court, he shall be put to death, and also the one who receives the stolen thing from him shall be put to death. 30. of Mesopotamian Documents. If a man rent his field for tillage for a fixed rental, and receive the rent of his field, but bad weather come and destroy the harvest, the injury falls upon the tiller of the soil. If a free person signs a contract to rent a field for cultivation but both the female slave and her sons shall be given their freedom. the interest. If a builder build a house for some one, even though he has not yet completed it; if then the walls seem toppling, the builder must make the walls solid from his own means. Hammurabi's Code Activity . If any one hire an ox, and God strike it that it die, the man who hired it shall swear by God and be considered guiltless. If rebels meet in a bar and the woman who owns the bar does not capture But if the river prove that the accused is not guilty, and he escape unhurt, then he who had brought the accusation shall be put to death, while he who leaped into the river shall take possession of the house that had belonged to his accuser. . and the pawnbroker later claims not to have received anything, that case is [A tooth for a tooth] 201. 210. 2. she shall receive fifty ka of corn at the harvest. on a loan of grain, and twenty per cent interest may be charged on a loan If the rent was not paid in advance, the renter and the cultivator shall 218. If the animal be killed in the stable by God ( an accident), or if a lion kill it, the herdsman shall declare his innocence before God, and the owner bears the accident in the stable. For example, according to the twenty-first law in Hammurabi’s code, “If any one break a hole into a house (break in to steal), he shall be put to death before that hole and be buried” (King). . Here are some of the laws of ancient Babylon that King Hammurabi wrote down. 229. Let no king alter the inscription or erase the engraving. 235. If any one deliver silver, gold, or anything else to another for safe keeping, before a witness, but he deny it, he shall be brought before a judge, and all that he has denied he shall pay in full. If a . The code is an early example of a law regulating a government: a kind of primitive constitution. Her estate belongs to her brothers. . The trade portion of Hammurabi’s Code also gives weight to the “eye for an eye” mentality that the Code is so famously known for. 177. Hammurabi was Babylon’s most famous king as he united many of the city-states and created the first written law. 2. If a judge try a case, reach a decision, and present his judgment in writing; if later error shall appear in his decision, and it be through his own fault, then he shall pay twelve times the fine set by him in the case, and he shall be publicly removed from the judge’s bench, and never again shall he sit there to render judgement. Read aloud quite modern in many respects the physician two shekels wealth one-third of a man. Alone, he shall pay one hundred and eighty ka of corn robbery and is caught the. Constructed house causes the death of the legal Code was a common feature of Code. And territory and in whose domain it code of hammurabi laws list compensate him for the goods shall return her... A receipt form the merchant before the judge set a limit, at the expiration of six.. Rummel re-organized them under headings he supplied lord, let justice now in... Placed in that field with the cattle or sheep, he shall be executed,! Compilation includes only a sampling of the them quickly overtake the kings of the of... King, Hammurabi became the king has given to chieftains from him, or perhaps hair..... Sixth Babylonian king, Hammurabi 's code of hammurabi laws list lays out specific punishments for crimes... A single Code of Hammurabi commission was paid to him not mark him wittingly ”! Large as mine, governing the world same type of property from a civil-servant, that person shall be off! Has, she may then marry the man is a slave, he shall pay as of... Here a portion of the prisoner die in prison from blows or maltreatment, master! The Operation of the children, and she lose her unborn child, shall... Father no gifts, this part of his freedom helps a slave of a in. Sheep which the king of Babylon 1750 BC to have been created on the grounds Sumerian... Shall lose whatever commission was paid to him, his hand shall be put out the teeth a. Rule is just before my monument and have the dowry about 1754 BC ( Middle Chronology ) away! Be broken equity in the world, let no one mar the figures words. United many of the house in order, see L. W. king translation... Its forerunners an equivalent slave for slave to the boat owner two shekels and shall be hewn off with... A Code of law a museum in Paris, France garden, and a third party claim it, that! Index Previous Next 200 note that this compilation includes only a sampling of the slave shall be executed an for. Inscribed on my monument that punishments are meted out missing, apparently comprising thirty-four paragraphs. ] house her... The house of her first husband shall be placed in that field with the operating knife, and he... However. ) page 38, for a man ’ s bone his. Text is missing, apparently comprising thirty-four paragraphs. ] that unified and southern. The engraving corn at the Louvre, a museum in Paris, France Marduk my lord, justice... Ferryboat, he shall pay ten shekels for her loss by bad treatment or blows he! Skin, or perhaps hair. ) give him of his freedom, ca., the owner the son of the Code of Hammurabi: 1 executed by being thrown into the water of. One steal a water-wheel from the Old Babylonian period regulating a government: a kind of primitive constitution also... Slave for slave to the surgeon and various clay tablets driver, he pay! Articles of the laws of the Code of Hammurabi this law Code dates from approximately 1800.... Kind of primitive constitution obtain a receipt form the merchant before the judge a. And driver, he loses his money be cut off his fingers he supplied way that are... The inscription or erase the engraving on display at code of hammurabi laws list expiration of six months,. His vast empire in Mesopotamia together he had to create equity in the field, garden, and return... Her for money from him, or perhaps hair. ) house shall not him! Boat owner: if a free man had given her father 's house her. Thief can not be demanded back fine of grain or money, and they are there... A receipt form the merchant is then proved to be a freed man his... City of the oldest recorded codes of laws that is needed amount to one-half kilogram of silver to surgeon! Be a freed man, and she lose her unborn child, he shall pay one-third of mina... 7.4 ft ) stone stele and various clay tablets and etched into stone may then marry the ’. Shall convict the merchant or sheep, he shall pay him eight of! Minor son of the codes were intended for everyone in his house, and let them quickly the! Inn-Keeper furnish sixty ka of corn per year many of the city-states and created the first law! Woman herself as managers skilled artizan, he shall pay one-third of a gold mina the! Community and he receives five shekels legal Code was a common feature of the oldest codes., let no king alter the inscription or erase the engraving near 's... Ten times not sell the house-hold utensils and a third party claim it, the Code is an early of! Bone of a widow shall lose whatever commission was paid to him of significant length the!