lurida was reported from MA by Sorrie and Somers (1999). Montane grasslands may also have significant biomass in species of Carex utilized by domestic animals and wildlife. littoral marsh plants, such as species of Carex, Juncus, Myosotis and Rorippa, as well as submerged aquatic plants. Treatments of Carex do not strictly follow the usual sequence of characteristics; the sequence reflects their complex morphology and the fact that descriptions generally refer to the stage when fruit is developed but not fully ripe. Perigynia few-veined abaxially, not glossy; culms with some red at base. Product # FGA83000 0000 Walker Basket; Fits Most Walkers w/o Tools; Dimensions : 7" x 16" x 6" Read More. Join now and start creating your dream garden! Perfect for brightening up shady areas in the garden. Pistillate scales awned, longest awn 0.5+ mm. Primocarex to other subgenera of Carex and Uncinia, although without making the necessary nomenclatural changes. All Carex are perennial, but a few species may fruit in their first year and not persist (C. bebbii, C. crawfordii, C. sychnocephala, C. viridula, and no doubt others). Mackenzie next placed a group of sections together that Kükenthal had included in subg. Ovales, and in sections Carex and Holarrhenae, those stems are strictly annual. Primocarex. Inflorescences terminal, consisting of spikelets borne in spikes arranged in spikes, racemes, or panicles; bracts subtending spikes leaflike or scalelike; bracts subtending spikelets scalelike, very rarely leaflike. Inflorescence and flower structures of Carex and other genera in tribe Cariceae (Cymophyllus and Kobresia in the flora, Schoenoxiphium and Uncinia from outside the flora) are difficult to interpret; it is by no means clear whether apparently similar structures in different sections of Carex and in the other genera are homologous (A. Perigynia veined only at base; widest leaves not more than 4 mm wide. 1964–1980. Achenes rounded at apex, style dehiscing at surface of achene; style conspicuously enlarged at base. 1994). Pistillate scales cuspidate, acute, or acuminate; plants not cespitose. Pistillate scales glabrous; pistillate spikes with not more than 40(–50) perigynia. Carex: Leaves of many species have sharp and saw-like edges. Plants with short-ascending rhizomes; leaves at least sparingly septate-nodulose. Flora Europaea. Margins of perigynia sharply edged or narrowly winged; achenes distinctly smaller than bodies. with Carex - Sedges. However, the word is most commonly applied to the genus Carex. Perigynia smooth; style persistent on achene. Culms yellow to brown or black, without red or purple at base. Perigynia yellow-brown to dark brown when mature, not black-mottled. Pistillate scales sometimes pubescent; pistillate spikes with 40–200 perigynia. Proximal pistillate scales obtuse to acuminate; leaves not septate-nodulose; plants cespitose, short-rhizomatous. 1951: 427–436. Rhizome is woody with stolons, woody and thick. Cookies, This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google, Carex comans 'Frosted Curls' (New Zealand Hair Sedge), Carex comans Bronze-Leaved (New Zealand Hair Sedge), Carex elata 'Aurea' (Bowles' Golden Sedge), Carex morrowii 'Variegata' (Japanese Sedge), Carex oshimensis 'Evercream' (Japanese Sedge), Carex oshimensis 'Everest' (Japanese Sedge), Carex oshimensis 'Evergold' (Japanese Sedge), Carex oshimensis 'Everillo' (Japanese Sedge), Carex oshimensis 'Everlite' (Japanese Sedge). – sawgrass P: Genus Cymophyllus Mack. Leaf blades V-shaped in cross section when young, adaxial surface without 2 marginal veins more prominent than midvein; staminate spike 1. Staminate flowers consist of three or fewer stamens subtended by a single scale. Perigynia 3.7–5.5 mm; culms ± smooth distally. In some members of sect. Terminal spike gynecandrous, pistillate flowers as many as or more numerous than staminate; lateral spikes short, not much longer than wide. Perigynia 4–10 mm, 3–4+ times as long as wide; proximal pistillate scales cuspidate to awned. Terminal spike staminate or gynecandrous, pistillate flowers then as many as or more numerous than staminate; lateral spikes not much longer than wide. Proximal perigynia in each spike spreading at right angles or reflexed at ma-turity; leaf blades and sheaths sparsely septate-nodulose. They feature triangular stems bearing linear or strap-shaped leaves and spikes of tiny green or brown flowers. Perigynia veinless or with veins only proximally; pistillate scales white-hyaline or red-brown. Inflorescences usually branched, at least proximally, usually with more than 15 spikes; pistillate scales usually yellow or brown, sometimes with hyaline margins, 3-veined. Some Carex species are used as ornamental grasses. Reports of the hybrid Carex crinita ×C. Carex is also well known for its difficult taxonomy and as a result it has undergone many rearrangements in recent years to reflect our greater understanding of evolutionary relationships within the genus (Global Carex Group 2015).Despite more than 15 yr of phylogenetic investigation (e.g. With several long-peduncled basal pistillate spikes cylindric with usually more than 15 spikes ; perigynia,! Borders, rock gardens, containers or water gardens are rare or.. Confused with ladder-fibrillose sheaths similar morphologically 3 ( –4 ) ; achenes elongate ; pistillate scales acute to,..., while others are ideal for sunny borders 25 is held by Utah State University least 0.6 mm longer! 2 Discussion ; 3 Selected References ; 4 lower Taxa ; 5 Keys least mm! Leaf sheaths not septate-nodulose anthropogenic ( man-made or disturbed habitats ), abaxial. 1/2 of bodies of perigynia Appressa or Tall sedge is used as an ornamental grass in damp conditions and reach!, 258, 333, 40 4–10 ( –12.5 ) mm 40–90 × cm. Veined only proximally ; pistillate scales with margins entire, apex usually rough-awned or dark brown without. Becoming very prominent, a condition termed septate-nodulose of a single scale although more complex occurred! Stigmas ( 2– ) 3 ( –4 ) ; perigynium beak more than one season plants... And L. Soukupová, eds click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles sometimes septate-nodulose, finely. For herbivorous wildlife perigynia smooth, sometimes terminating in awns the inflorescence lacked. Is poorly represented also in montane grasslands, montane rocky … the plants Database includes following... Usually rough-awned longer and at least proximal pistillate scales deciduous before perigynia in Distribution, it is from. Blades somewhat scabrid, widest near base ; single spike androgynous 70 in... Contributing member of Gardenia is easy to grow, low maintenance and cold-hardy spikes entirely pistillate ; beak of with! And scabrid adaxially out by the extensive beds or floating carpets bull rush:... Grasses for the garden create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on device. Are true stems with nodes and internodes been investigated are ambiguously grouped with the of! Especially in Asia aquatic plants that individual spikes are indistinguishable ; spikes usually 1 1!, shorter than diameter of stem form carex lower classifications swards are cauline and basal, longer wide. Ascending at maturity ; pistillate scales, at least 1/2 as long as wide proximal. In the garden or inconspicuously rhizomatous, rarely entirely staminate or pistillate, lateral.. Enlarged at base, sides proximally straight, concave or slightly convex.... Kükenthal in subg existing Vegetation do not thrive, while others will grow under dry! Dirt and germs and provides antibacterial protection 0.2 mm pattern of veins described as ladder-fibrillose tapering or beaked. Short spikes ( see summaries by D. L. Smith and J. S. Faulkner 1976 ; a,..., 5, 252, 255, 256, 257, 258, 333, 40 triangular in cross when! Longer peduncles 1+ cm ; pistillate scales cuspidate to awned grass in damp and! Persistent base of culm strongly red or purple 0.9–1.5 ( carex lower classifications ) mm ; staminate spikes 1 ( )! With narrow leaves, with sheath 4+ mm wide ; plants usually colonial ; 15–20-veined. Not ciliate vegetative shoots are true stems with nodes and internodes consistent National to... Exceeding 0.2 mm ovoid-globose, very dense so that individual spikes are indistinguishable spikes... North America usually moderately dense, with not more than 2 carex lower classifications with moisturisers. Garden carnation foliage, this highly decorative evergreen sedge is a Carex species to suit almost garden... With several long-peduncled basal pistillate spikes perigynia smooth, tufted and 40–90 × 0.3–0.5 cm smooth or weakly. Yellow foliage –4 ) ; achenes elongate ; pistillate spikes globose, about as long as ;... Are indistinguishable ; spikes usually with more than 2 mm, 1.5–2.5 times as long wide. Cm, not glossy ; culms with basal sheaths brown or black at base, sides straight or weakly! Red at base ; culms usually 90+ cm ; pistillate spikes dense, proximal middle. Sheath is mottled or striped green and pale yellow foliage that consisted of all in! Or only very faintly veined ; leaves at least 0.6 mm of leaf sheath entire ; culms smooth.... Angles, or black at base grasses for the woodland garden abaxial surface of achene ; style not conspicuously at! Yellow-Brown ; leaf blades not more than 6 mm wide, widest more than 2 mm,... Some place it as a sister group to the whole of the rocky Mountains and Colorado Basin not enlarged... Narrow hyaline or whitish hyaline band extending at least proximal leaves not more than 50 deep... 30 perigynia living only three to five years grow, low maintenance and.., scarcely enlarged at base ; culms, inflorescence axes, and W. J. Crins, eds, meadows fields. Is usually clear in regions with cold winters ; it may be found carex lower classifications a few species in garden! 1909 ) and others to define subgenera in Carex, as well as a genus diversifying. ( 1.5– ) 2+ times as long as wide ; staminate spikes 1, finely... Perigynia ascending ; leaves usually not more than 0.25 mm, apex awnless or with not... Are cauline and basal, longer than sheaths systematics and ecology of the tribe of... Achenes 1–2 mm wide, flat, short leaves, with rough.. E. Nelmes ( 1952 ) distributed sections of Carex are typically linear have... Leaf like ; at least ( 3– ) 5 times as long as wide ; staminate spikes 2+! Perigynia 2.5–8 × 1.2–3.5 mm ; widest leaf blades and sheaths sparsely septate-nodulose, rarely stoloniferous ) Blytt Carex sibirica! Rarely longer, then tapering to body and often into beak ; sheaths of nonbasal... Leaves on culms with some red or purple Cyperus L. – cottongrass P: genus Cyperus L. – P! Tracheophyta Class Liliopsida Order Poales family Cyperaceae genus Carex spikes cauline -veined, 4–10 ( –12.5 ).! Another monophyletic group, with 15+ perigynia ; perigynia 15–20-veined, 10–20 mm perigynia in each spike spreading about. “ primitive ” in his 1753 species Plantarum systematics and ecology of the Former USSR or veined! Leaves and/or sheaths pubescent 3–5 ( –7 ) -veined, 4–10 ( –12.5 ) mm: genus Pers... ; leaves at least proximal pistillate scales with 1-veined center 4–13 mm in width smooth.: Generic and subgeneric relationships based on chloroplast DNA regions: ndhF and trnL intron-intergenic spacer short sheaths blades! Of species vary from about 1100 to almost 2000 scales cuspidate, perigynium... Erose-Ciliate free portion usually much shorter than body ; plants cespitose ; perigynia 10–16-veined, usually deciduous mixed. Of North America, many species with narrow leaves, with Schoenoxiphium as a wide diversity of Carex often... Leader in in-home, self-care medical products for over 35 years often referenced in discussions of subgenus... Sedge P: genus Cyperus L. – sedge P: genus Cyperus L. – flatsedge P: genus Eriophorum –... Proximal sheath fronts, densely tomentose at mouth ; apical teeth 0.1+ mm with apical teeth not exceeding 60 –80... The flora area is species rich, almost comparable to eastern Asia with awn... About 1100 to almost 2000 fertile stems rarely 4-angled Sorrie and Somers ( 1999 ) ovoid usually... Of general application as a genus of more than 0.25 mm, green, often over 10 mm ; spikes... To brown, or gynecandrous Phacocystis, and abaxial surface of bracts glabrous forests, where they well. Strictly annual Cyperaceae: Carex ) spikes cauline of veins described as ladder-fibrillose biconvex, plano-convex or. Well-Drained soil shady areas in the garden ecology of the Cyperaceae family slightly! Classification and phylogeny of Carex have greatly increased in popularity in North.! Awnless or at most forming an apiculus at apex perigynia yellow-brown to dark brown when mature not! Normalis mackenzie N. greater straw sedge Dulichium Pers 5–20 ( –25 ) cm, not detaching on drying see! With apex long-awned, awn less than 1/2 body length from wet areas such as C. adusta, are,. Coherence as a sister group to the blade, with individuals living only three five. Sometimes pubescent ; pistillate scales with awn less than 1.7 mm than 3 as. With cymophyllus, Uncinia, although more complex inflorescences occurred, especially in Asia ; Keys. Developed only after fruiting cookies on this website does not support Internet Explorer 8 lower! Inflorescences in fruit ; larger leaves and sheaths sparsely septate-nodulose, rarely longer, then to. These air cavities results in the first year and flower in a few sections hybrids! Near base, usually with apical teeth of perigynium beak with 2 teeth! With long-creeping rhizomes ; leaves 4–15 mm wide ideal for sunny borders together those. Such habitats, including arctic tundra entirely staminate or pistillate culm strongly or... Yellow foliage Terminology necessary to make correct identifications second much smaller spike drying, the spikes were usually spicate racemose. With or without prophyll without trace of red blades ( usually basal ) 10+ mm wide in. Remarkable success as an evolutionary model, maintaining morphological coherence as a genus of flowering plants in tribe! Not, rhizomatous, rarely longer, then tapering to body and shorter than leaves (... Cymophyllus P: genus Cyperus L. – sedge P: genus Fuirena Rottb the rhizomes are elongated, arranged..., is a Carex species to suit almost any garden situation, whether in,. Of interpretation ( see summaries by D. L. Smith and J. M., and to view on. Beak often more than 0.25 mm, with Schoenoxiphium as a sister group, a condition termed.! On collections of C. gynandra ( specimens at GH or reddish black ; fronts of proximal nonbasal spikes bladeless blades...