The 14 Most Common and Usable Guitar Scales Printable and Ready to use 1. The A Minor scale are connected to the key of A Minor, they contain same notes. V. VI / XIII. And as Tim points out this will necessarily create a mix of flats and sharps in those scales. I know that many people feel that being happy all of the time seems like a good idea. Pentatonic scales, on the other hand, only use five notes. Find guitar scales using graphic interface. Sometimes written as Natural Minor to distinguish it from other Minor scale categories. Copyright text 2016 by Revo Guitar Straps. Notes are displayed in the fingerboard diagram with blue color with the root notes indicated by darker color. Printable Guitar Major Scale Chart. A pentatonic scale is a 5 note scale which can be used to create solos and melodies. List of All Natural Minor Scales with Notes, Diatonic Triads, & Relative Majors. The natural minor scale, also known as the Aeolian mode is one of the most used guitar scales in rock and popular music. Am Chord Structure Notes: A C E Interval structure: R m3 5 Chord construction: R = A A + minor interval = C (scale degree = minor 3rd) C + major interval = E (scale degree = 5th) Am on other instruments Am piano Am guitar Am ukulele Am mandolin To find out more about cookies, privacy and how we use advertising, please read our Advertising Disclaimer, Contact Info - Privacy Policy - Cookie Policy, Copyright © 2007 - 2020 www.guitar-chords.org.uk. Note: Since the major and the minor pentatonic scale have the same notes as their respective major and minor scale, (having two notes less, none of which are the 1st, 3rd or 5th) their relationship to the major and the minor chord is exactly the same as that of their respective major and minor scale. In our article, “Learning the Fretboard – Quick Guide to The Guitar’s Fretboard Notes,” I discuss the relationship between major and minor scales. Chords that Resolve Directly to the Tonic. It’s the only minor scale that doesn’t contain any sharps or flats. Author’s note: When we simply say “minor” we are referring to the natural minor scale. You can read more about it in my article, “Learning the Fretboard – Quick Guide to The Guitar’s Fretboard Notes”. This brings us to the major scale formula: In order to understand the concept of whole-steps and half steps, especially as it relates to the natural minor scale, We need to create a one-string A natural minor scale. ; Put your 2nd finger on the 2nd fret of the 4th string. List of All Minor Scale Notes. by Tommaso Zillio. Natural minor scales contain the same notes as the major scales with tonic notes a minor third higher (e.g. In the two-octave pattern, the first root note is on the 6th string, 5th fret. I encourage you to check out my “The Major Scale” article for more information on The Musical Alphabet, Steps and Intervals, and other terms that you may be unfamiliar with. The Minor Pentatonic Scale uses the 1, 3♭, 4, 5, and 7♭ notes from the major scale , and is a great scale to begin improvising guitar solos and phrases for riffs. We were at the 6th degree of the C major scale which is A and we’re going to keep the same notes from the C major scale except that the A is now the root of the natural minor. -  Designed by Thrive Themes | Powered by WordPress, This error message is only visible to WordPress admins, “Learning the Fretboard – Quick Guide to The Guitar’s Fretboard Notes,”, “Learning the Fretboard – Quick Guide to The Guitar’s Fretboard Notes”, 50 Easy Guitar Solos That Every Player Should Know, Minor Scale Chords – The Ultimate Reference Guide For All Guitarists, Guitar Pedalboard Order – Tips on Chaining Your Effects Pedals, Jazz Chord Progressions – Intro Lesson For All Guitarists, The Beginner’s Guide To The Minor Scale Chords For Guitar. The minor pentatonic scale is typically the first scale guitarists learn to solo with and is very commonly used to form solos in rock, blues, and other popular styles. The illustration below, shows the notes of the A minor pentatonic scale. A pentatonic scale is a scale that has 5 notes per octave. Ed Lozano is a professional guitarist, instructor, producer and published author. Melodic minor scales . In musical terms we say that the scales are relative to each other. Learn how to play the Minor (Aeolian) guitar scale with guitar tabs and neck diagrams all along the fretboard. Also, check out the video I made to supplement this article on the minor scale for beginners:​. If we then go to the 6th degree, and keep the same pattern; that means, don’t change any of the notes. When you use the pentatonic scale, you are taking 2 notes out of the major scale and therefore limiting the chords that you can create. It has every chromatic note except the ♭9, #5 and M7! by . It produces two types of tonalities — major and minor and is one of the most commonly used scales in blues, pop and rock. The chord chart below lists the common triad and four note extended chords belonging to the key of A natural minor. I encourage you to continue your exploration. Scale - Harmonic Minor 1,2,b3,4,5,b6,7 5-th pattern Root note - A Guitar Tuning: Standard - E-A-D-G-B-E You can use this scale: Over any song which is in a minor key. The harmonic minor scale is so named because, particularly in baroque and classical times, it was this scale, rather than (for example) a natural minor or melodic minor scale, which would have been used to harmonise music in a minor key. The Harmonic Minor Scale is slightly different from a major scale, a natural minor scale and a mode, as it doesn’t natural exist in terms of the piano white notes. A + minor interval = C (scale degree = minor 3rd) C + major interval = E (scale degree = 5th) Am on other instruments Am piano Am guitar Am ukulele Am mandolin Am banjo. To play it, you’ll fret the first note in the scale (A), which can be found on the 5th fret of this string. The natural minor scale is the next logical step after understanding and applying the major scale. In simple terms, every major key has a minor key that is formed using the same notes. The natural 6th degree creates a minor sound that’s not quite as dark as the natural minor scale. Just as you use G major scale notes to play the E minor scale by starting on the 6th degree, you use G major scale chords to play in the key of E minor. For instance, Pattern 1 will correspond to a C chord. Learn how to play the Melodic Minor guitar scale with guitar tabs and neck diagrams all along the fretboard. Over a minor chord. The relative minor scale is widely used in improvisation because it allows more ideas for the solo. While the major scale is the basis of all music theory, the minor scale is the most used in rock music. by Tommaso Zillio. The reason we learn scales is that they are groups of notes that sound really good together that we can use to make up solos (as in lead guitar) and melodies. The notes of this scale are C, D, Eb, F, G, A, and B. If you need help in reading the diagrams on this page, check the How to read music for guitar tutorial. In other words, every note in the scale is associated with a chord. So the A minor scale is made up of the same notes as C major, and so the two can in certain situations end up blurred. A natural minor scale is taken from the major scale of the same name, but with the third, sixth, and seventh degrees lowered one half step. * Consider combining the Dorian Blues scale and the Minor Bebop for a 9-note scale: 1-9-#9-3-4-♭5-5-13-♭7. Notes are displayed in the fingerboard diagram with blue color with the root notes indicated by darker color. So, when we say minor, natural minor is understood. That’s because there are other minor scales and there’s a list in the “Closing Thoughts” section. I. II / IX. On the guitar, using the basic A Minor chord position shown in the picture, these notes arrive in this order: E, A, E, B, C and E. If you’d like to get a more secure feel for the theory behind the practice of music making, our blog has a helpful set of music theory … A Natural Minor Guitar. Roman numerals indicate each chord's position relative to the scale. This means key signatures don’t lend themselves to its existence, as they have a raised seventh which introduces the all-important augmented second interval and creates a leading tone. This post is a companion to that “Beginner’s Guide...” piece. However, these are treated in SMN as accidentals. So, here’s the rule: Every major scale has a minor scale that is related to it. Each scale includes the notes, diatonic triads within in the key, and the relative major.Use this list alongside the circle of fifths to help yourself understand and memorize scales and their relationships with one another. The reason that this chord is the best is because it contains the leading note (7th degree). JGuitar's scale calculator will draw scale diagrams showing the fretboard with notes in the selected scale highlighted. How to play a A Minor chord on the guitar. The C minor scale is considered the relative minor scale of the Eb major scale because they contain the exact same notes. If you’re familiar with rock or blues music, you have definitely heard this scale. This formula can be applied to any note and by using the W H W W H W W formula, you can create a natural minor scale. Find guitar scales using graphic interface. Movable Minor Triad Forms Minor Triads are a group of notes from the major scale; the first or root note, the minor (♭) third, and fifth notes. [ May 18, 2018 ] How Do I Learn Chord Progressions Guest Lessons [ March 30, 2017 ] AP-013 What are your Favorite Exotic Chords? The minor scale is defined by the formula W-H-W-W-H-W-W, where “W” stands for “whole tone” (equal to 2 frets on the guitar) and “H” for “half tone” (equal to 1 fret on the guitar). Scale - Pentatonic Minor 1,b3,4,5,b7 FULL-th pattern Root note - A Guitar Tuning: Standard - E-A-D-G-B-E A – C – D – Eb – E – G. For a complete lesson on the Minor Blues Scale, read this lesson.. If you already know about the minor blues scale and would just like to know how to play it in five positions as well as the open position of A, read on. A Minor is sometimes written as Am in shortened form. Find guitar scales using graphic interface. Learn how to play up and down the neck with ease and break out of those box patterns, Author: Lee Nichols Creator of www.guitar-chords.or.uk, Like GPS for your guitar! Musical Application. Building the Minor Scale. That should clear things up for you. Here's a chart with the most used scales. Two ways of playing the A natural minor scale on guitar are shown below: A Natural Minor Scale Guitar. The fourth note in the scale, in this example D#, is the blue note. These are the scales that we’ll cover: 1. Let me walk you through it by spelling out a C major scale to the A an octave above the 6th degree. ‘Penta' means five and ‘tonic' means note, so ‘Minor Pentatonic Scale' really just means ‘Minor Five-Note Scale'. They use the EXACT same notes, the minor pentatonic scale simply uses less. By helping UG you make the world better... and earn IQ Suggest correction Have a look at my guide on the Harmonized Major Scale. The chord structure for the minor scale is the same for all keys. If you have watched the last few frames in the animation above you can see that the F# minor scale has exactly the notes as an A major scale. This scale is sometimes referred to as the “sweet-sounding” minor scale. If you are playing in the key of G major like above, you can also solo in the key of E minor because they share the same notes. [ad name=”Google Adsense Lge Rec”] A Natural Minor Scale Guitar TAB - 2 Octave. A Major scale for guitar. So, In this case, the A Dorian has the same notes as the G major scale. Building the Minor Scale. Here's a list of all minor scales in order of fifths. Not only does it sound great, pentatonic scales are also easy to learn. The scales I use the most are: The major & minor pentatonic; The blues scale; The major scale and the Dorian, Mixolydian and Aeolian \ natural minor modes. The 6 Most Commonly Used Guitar Scales. And, most (though not all) scales tend to be diatonic – meaning they contain seven notes. In the minor scale, we can find the relative major in the third note of the scale. Scale. TL:DR … Over a 12 bar blues. To turn an Eb major scale into a C minor scale you would simply have to start on the 6th note (C) in the Eb major scale. The natural A minor scale is made up of the following notes: The diagrams below show the minor triad forms used on different groups of strings. The A Minor chord, which forms the root of the A Minor scale, is made up of the notes A, C, and E— the first, third, and fifth notes of the key of A. Minor 3rd: C is the 3rd note of the scale. This scales dictionary also provides the name of the notes and the intervals that compose the scale, plus a handy guitar tab with mp3 audio. Make sure this account has posts available on instagram.com. The chords associated with the A minor scale are A minor, B diminished, C major, D minor, E minor, F major, G major. play notes… Pentatonic Scale Fluency: Available on Kindle and Paperback, Master the minor pentatonic scale using the whole fretboard, If you are stuck in the pentatonic box then this is the way out of it. The Dorian Mode is a minor scale that’s built on the 2nd degree of the major scale. The A Major is a seven-note scale. We use the term relative because the keys are related and share the same key signature. Music in the key of A minor may use melodic minor but you will not find a G# and/or F# in the key at the beginning of the piece. Finally, we change the scale degrees to reflect the change to the relative minor. If you need to brush up on that concept then now would be a good time to review that article. A – C – D – Eb – E – G. For a complete lesson on the Minor Blues Scale, read this lesson.. Let’s play the lower octave version of the A minor pentatonic scale, beginning on the low E string (the one closest to you, if you’re looking down at your guitar). All of the above-mentioned tunes are in minor keys; but, they all convey different sets of emotions—they’re not tearjerkers and let-me-slit-my-wrists-and-get-it-over-with songs. The root note fret is the A note for the A minor pentatonic scale. In a recent article, “Beginner’s Guide to the Minor Scale,” I wrote about the natural minor scale, the theory behind the scale, reviewed the major/minor relationship, covered the minor scale formula and introduced 5 must-know patterns. Adjust the "start fret" option to further highlight a finger pattern for playing the selected scale in a different position on the fretboard. The notes are A - C - D - … Guitar neck. Pattern 2 . They, too, are relative major and minor chords and scales. The minor CAGED system is a great way to map out minor chords, arpeggios and scales across the guitar fretboard. The natural minor scale, technically, has exactly the same notes as a simply major scale a minor 3rd higher. In the Key of C, B is the leading note because it is the note before C. Look at the chart below. Till next time. Other variations of the minor scale are: I hope that you continue your journey and I appreciate you taking a moment and checking out this article. Minor keys are great for songwriting, improvisation and changing textures and moods within songs. Scale - Pentatonic Minor 1,b3,4,5,b7 FULL-th pattern Root note - A Guitar Tuning: Standard - E-A-D-G-B-E We'll get to that later on. The scale can be formed by using the same notes as a major scale, but starting and ending the scale on the 6th degree of the major scale, and considering this 6th degree as the root. IV / XI. It helps you to visualize how chords and scales are connected and allows you to move more freely up and down the neck. A natural minor scale notes: A B C D E F G; Natural minor key chord sequence: min dim maj min min maj maj Building and Playing the Minor Scale on Guitar. Hit "Go" to see the result. Patrick MacFarlane Resources. Scale - Harmonic Minor 1,2,b3,4,5,b6,7 5-th pattern Root note - A Guitar Tuning: Standard - E-A-D-G-B-E Ask Patmac [ March 23, 2017 ] AP-012 What are the biggest chord mistakes for beginner guitar players? Minor 7th: G is the 7th note of the scale. Unlike other scales, which often have seven or more notes, the pentatonic scale consists of just five notes. He is a graduate of Berklee College of Music and lives in the Andes mountains. A Natural Minor Scale: Note Information And Scale Diagrams For Guitarists. In the two-octave pattern, the first root note is on the 6th string, 5th fret. The above exercises are designed to help you understand the concept of whole steps, half steps, and the natural minor scale formula. The chord that resolves to the tonic the best is formed from the 5th (V) degree of the scale. In our article, “Learning the Fretboard – Quick Guide to The Guitar’s Fretboard Notes,” I discuss the relationship between major and minor scales. III. We’re going to begin by looking at the A minor pentatonic scale. Each link will take you to a new page that shows you several fretboard patterns (4 notes box and 3 notes per string) for playing the scale. This is handy to know because it gives us two main positions to solo in. While the major scale is the basis of all music theory, the minor scale is the most used in rock music. In written music, relative major and minor keys actually share the same key signature. An A natural minor scale contains the following notes: A, B, C, D, E, F, G, A. Every improviser who has learned how to use the major and minor scales must learn, right after that, how to use the relative minor scale.. But, imagine a world without minor keys. The natural minor scale can be played in 5 different positions just like the major scale, the pentatonic scale and all the other scales. This guitar neck shows the notes of the minor pentatonic scale. The root notes are always A tones. These triad forms are moveable up and down the guitar fretboard as long as you stay on the same group of strings. The A Minor Blues Scale contains the following notes:. They’re songs that cover a range of topics, themes and ideas. by . These 5 positions are all one and the same natural minor scale but played in different shapes and areas on the fretboard to give you the freedom to play the scale all over the neck and improvise without restrictions. For those of you who are already familiar with the concept—or have little interest in music theory beyond this basic idea—we’ll move steadily forward. In other words, every note in the scale is associated with a chord. But what is the relative minor scale? Melodic minor scales are found in tons of guitar music, especially in the virtuosic guitar solos commonly heard in … The A minor scale is a 7-note, diatonic scale made up of the notes A, B, C, D, E, F, & G. It’s the only minor scale that doesn’t contain any sharps or flats. A Minor Pentatonic Scale Tabs: 5th Position. Remember we won’t change any of the notes. Take a look at the chart below, both keys share exactly the same notes but in a different order. The Minor Scale (Aeolian) scale is composed of the Root, Major Second, Minor Third, Perfect Fourth, Perfect Fifth, Minor Sixth, and Minor Seventh. Play the notes in the number order shown below. The essential guide to complete fretboard mastery at Udemy, This website earns advertising commissions. You should try doing this with the C Major scale (which contains all the same notes as the A minor scale). The information in this lesson is essential to acquiring a command over the guitar neck. The B note would be the root note fret for the B minor pentatonic and so on. Perfect 4th: D is the 4th note of the scale. The Harmonic Minor Scale is slightly different from a major scale, a natural minor scale and a mode, as it doesn’t natural exist in terms of the piano white notes. It would be the same sound and, after a while, it would get quite boring. The next step is to play the natural minor scale in the way that guitar players actually use them. If you need to brush up on that concept then now would be a good time to review that article. Think of the minor pentatonic scale as the smaller brother of the minor scale. If you already know about the minor blues scale and would just like to know how to play it in five positions as well as the open position of A, read on. This scale is made up of the Root, Major Second, Minor Third, Perfect Fourth, Perfect Fifth, Major Sixth, and Major Seventh . With this I mean that the order in which the major and minor chords appear is always the same. The minor pentatonic scale is a basic five note scale used in blues and rock music, and can be used for lead guitar riffs and soloing played over minor chord progressions. That would be the same as playing only in major keys. Next, we’ll do the same thing one octave higher, on the 3rd string. Let’s begin on the 5th string, 3rd fret: Whole step between A and B (5th string, open to the 2nd fret), Half step between B and C (5th string, 2nd fret to the 3rd fret), Whole step between C and D (5th string, 3rd to the 5th fret), Whole step between D and E (5th string, 5th to the 7th fret), Half step between E and F (5th string, 7th to the 8th fret), Whole step between F and G (5th string, 8th to the 10th fret), Whole step between G and A (5th string, 10th to the 12th fret). Perfect 5th: E is the 5th note of the scale. The notes in the C Minor Scale (Aeolian) scale are C, D, Eb, F, G, Ab, and Bb an A natural minor scale contains the same notes as a C major scale, a D natural minor scale contains the same notes as an F major scale, etc.). The root note for the minor scale is always 3 frets behind the root note of the major scale. Pattern 1. play notes. C Natural Minor C# Natural Minor (Db) D Natural Minor D# Natural Minor (Eb) E Natural Minor F Natural Minor F# Natural Minor (Gb) G Natural Minor G# Natural Minor (Ab) A Natural Minor A# Natural Minor (Bb) B Natural Minor. Scale diagrams can also be labeled with either letters or scale degrees. The A Major is a seven-note scale. The following five patterns are based on the CAGED system and are the foundation for scale playing. Building and Playing the Minor Scale on Guitar. For example: The relative minor of C major is A (C major > A minor), The relative major of A minor is C (A minor > C major). The root notes are always A tones. A Minor Pentatonic Scale – Pattern 1. In written music, relative major and minor keys actually share the same key signature. The harmonic minor scale is exactly like the natural minor scale except that in this scale, you’ll raise the 7th note in the scale by a half-step (one fret). The A Minor Blues Scale contains the following notes:. The Harmonic Minor Scale is slightly different from a major scale, a natural minor scale and a mode, as it doesn’t natural exist in terms of the piano white notes. Put your 1st finger on the 1st fret of the 2nd string. Shapes. These CAGED scale patterns help you learn the minor pentatonic scale as it relates to standard CAGED chords. If you spell out a major scale then the 6th degree can be used as the relative minor (more about this in the next section). Complete Guitar Scales Chart. Ask Patmac [ March 20, 2017 ] LRT-033 Double-Stop Riff Licks, Riffs, and Tricks [ February 28, 2017 ] LRT-032 ii-V-I Modal Lick Licks, Riffs, and Tricks The harmonic minor scale is one of several minor guitar scales that can be used in improvisation. Like the major scale we can also build 7 chords of the minor scale. Your first note is indicated by the 1 shown on the first E string. These minor scales can be constructed from the natural minor by adding a # to the appropriate notes. Change tuning. Find guitar scales using graphic interface. In this free ultimate guide you will learn: 2 quick and easy tips that will make you learn scales at … Perfect 8th: A (one octave higher) is the 8th note of the A natural minor scale. Just as you use G major scale notes to play the E minor scale by starting on the 6th degree, you use G major scale chords to play in the key of E minor. Clicking here and on the image below will open a PDF file of the Guitar Major Scale Chart that prints nicely. There is a method that’s used for understanding the fretboard called the CAGED system. We’ve tabbed out this guitar scales chart for … The Natural Mi… In fact the minor scale is relative to the major scale. You find the root of the natural minor scale. A minor scale typically has a dark, incomplete, sad sound to it. This is also only one of the minor scale sounds. This makes the chord progression to be Cm, Fm, G(major), and now makes it sound better. Knowing how to play guitar scales will make you a better lead/solo player as well as give you the edge on chords. Each scale includes the notes, diatonic triads within in the key, and the relative major.Use this list alongside the circle of fifths to help yourself understand and memorize scales and their relationships with one another. This time we begin on the 3rd string, 2nd fret: Whole step between A and B (3rd string, 2nd to the 4th fret), Half step between B and C (3rd string, 4th fret to the 5th fret), Whole step between C and D (3rd string, 5th to the 7th fret), Whole step between D and E (3rd string, 7th to the 9th fret), Half step between E and F (3rd string, 9th to the 10th fret), Whole step between F and G (3rd string, 10th to the 12th fret), Whole step between G and A (3rd string, 12th to the 14th fret). The guitar major scale is happy upbeat and useful in a variety of styles of music. 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