The New York Flora Atlas is a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state, as well as information on plant habitats, associated ecological communities, and taxonomy. Founded in 1864 by Daniel Cady Eaton from his personal library and plant collection, the Yale Herbarium is an internationally recognized repository with holdings of approximately 350,000 specimens from throughout the world. Myers Herbarium contains more than 75,000 specimens, of which most are from western Illinois or southeastern Iowa. Herbarium Name Used: Polygonum erectum 2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn) Yates : NYFA_1990 Herbarium Name Used: none Polygonum erectum + Expand All - Collapse. (2017): An integrated assessment of the vascular plant species of the Americas, Science. Polygonum baicalense. microspermum (Jord. Common knotweed, Polygonum arenastrum, is also known as wiregrass, wireweed, matweed or doorweed. Abstract. Bistorta bistortoides, is a perennial herb in the genus Polygonum. Polygonum erectum erect knotweed Polygonum extremiorientale far-eastern smartweed Polygonum fowleri Fowler's knotweed Polygonum glabrum denseflower knotweed Polygonum glaucum seaside knotweed ... Infrequently used as cover: Minor: 2-5% of diet: Sparsely used as cover: Moderate: USA Ala.USA Ark.USA Colo.USA Conn.USA Del.USA D.C.USA Ga.USA Ill.USA Ind.USA IowaUSA Kans.USA Ky.USA La.USA MaineUSA Md.USA Mass.USA Mich.USA Minn.USA Miss.USA Mo.USA Mont.USA Nebr.USA Nev.USA N.H.USA N.J.USA N.Mex.USA N.Y.USA N.C.USA OhioUSA Okla.USA Oreg.USA Pa.USA R.I.USA S.C.USA Tenn.USA Vt.USA Va.USA Wash.USA W.Va.USA Wis.USA Wyo.Canada Alta.Canada Ont.Canada Que.Canada Sask. microspermum (Jord. This study uses morphometrics and digital image analysis to document domestication syndrome in an annual seed crop, Polygonum erectum L. (erect knotweed), which was cultivated by Native Americans for c. 2,500 years in eastern North America.This plant is one of several seed crops referred to as the Eastern Agricultural Complex, a pre-maize agricultural system that supported … Leaves: ocrea 7–12 mm, proximal part cylindric, distal part usually persistent, with strong veins, margins entire or lacerate, silvery, later disintegrating into ± persistent brown fibers; petiole 1–5 mm; blade light green or yellowish, elliptic to obovate, 30–60(–80) × (8–)10–25 mm, margins flat, apex obtuse; stem leaves 1.5–3.5(–4) times longer than branch leaves; distal leaves overtopping flowers in distal part of inflorescence. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Blame it on the bison. Polygonum erectum Edit, spec. The report of this species in CT by Magee and Ahles (1999) is based on a specimen of Polygonum buxiforme— Ahles 85330 ( MASS! In Chinese medicine, a Polygonum extract called Rèlínqīng Kēlì (热林清颗粒) … Polygonum biaristatum. An illustrated guide to the flowering plants of the middle Atlantic and New England states (excepting the grasses and sedges) the descriptive text written in familiar language (1910) (14782884275).jpg 1,468 … Please help us meet this … ---Medicinal Action and Uses---It is highly astringent as an infusion or decoction; useful in diarrhcea as an injection and in children's summer complaints; also as a good gargle and a valuable remedy for inflammatory diseases of the tissues. [family POLYGONACEAE], Filed as Polygonum sp. No synonyms exist for this species. Synonyms. It has a self-supporting growth form. Pl. Polygonum erectum Jarvis, Charlie, 2007, Chapter 7: Linnaean Plant Names and their Types (part P), Order out of Chaos. The variety Polygonum cognatum, known locally as "madimak", is regularly consumed in central parts of Turkey. Abstract This study uses morphometrics and digital image analysis to document domestication syndrome in an annual seed crop, Polygonum erectum L. (erect knotweed), which was cultivated by Native Americans for c. 2,500 years in eastern North America. Herb latin name: Hypericum erectum Family: Hypericaceae (St. John's Wort Family) Medicinal use of Hypericum erectum: The leaves and flowering tops are galactogogue. This plant is one of several seed crops referred to as the Eastern Agricultural Complex, a > Erect knotweed (Polygonum erectum) has been recently been identified as a prehistoric domestic crop, though there has long been evidence for its long-term cultivation and use as a preshitoric food source.Comparison of archaeobotanical samples to modern wild populations shows a clear difference in seed germination inhibition, a phenotypic marker of domestication. These include little barley (Hordeum pusillum), erect knotweed (Polygonum erectum), sumpweed (Iva annua), maygrass (Phalaris caroliniana), and pitseed goosefoot (Chenopodium berlandieri). Polygonum L. kingdom Plantae - plants » divisio Magnoliophyta - flowering plants » class Rosopsida - eudicots » order Caryophyllales » family Polygonaceae » subfamily Polygonoideae Intertaxon relationships. Photographs by Gail E. Wagner. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily … Knotgrass - Polygonum aviculare. By the time of European colonization, several of these locally domesticated crops had apparently fallen out of use and were thus lost The archaeological context and significance of Polygonum erectum achene masses from the American bottom region. 1783; Polygonum heterophyllum Lindman 1912; Polygonum monspeliense Thiébaud in Persoon 1805; Polygonum rectum (Chrtek) Scholz 1959; International Common Names Lopinot, N. H., & Powell, G. (2015). CAS Polygonum aviculare subsp. HERBARIUM_ALL It flowers and fruits throughout the summer and into the fall until a killing frost. erectum (L.) Roth ex Meisn. These are a group of annual plants (Chenopodium berlandieri, Hordeum pusillum, Iva annua, Phalaris caroliniana, and Polygonum erectum) that were cultivated by Indigenous societies for thousands of years. Common knotweed, Polygonum arenastrum, is also known as wiregrass, wireweed, matweed or doorweed. Linnaean Plant Types and their Types, London: Linnaean Society of London in association with the Natural History Museum, pp. Polygonum erectum Jarvis, Charlie, 2007, Chapter 7: Linnaean Plant Names and their Types (part P), Order out of Chaos. [family POLYGONACEAE], Filed as Polygonum erectum [family POLYGONACEAE], Blake’s knotweed, Flora of North America Vol. 718-782: 757: 757: Polygonum aviculare > Polygonum aviculare subsp. Polygonum erectum was cultivated in the midwest by Native Americans for its starchy seeds (C. M. Scarry 1993). Polygonum erectum (POLER) Polygonum glaucum (POLGL) Polygonum humifusum (POLHU) Polygonum libani (POLLI) Polygonum maackianum (POLMA) Polygonum maritimum (POLMR) Polygonum minuta (POLMN) Polygonum molliiforme (POLMO) Polygonum neglectum (POLNG) Polygonum … The U.S. National Science Foundation and iDigBio are required to collect information on use of digitized collections-based specimen data. 8. Bohemian knotweed (Polygonum x bohemicum) The most common invasive knotweed in western Washington. Erect knotweed (Polygonum erectum L.) Erect knotweed was cultivated in ancient Iowa and may have been domesticated. Often confused with Japanese knotweed. This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant Number 1802129. watsoniae N.G. Photo: American bison at the Joseph H. Williams Tallgrass Prairie Preserve in Oklahoma. Silver-sheath knotweed - Polygonum argyrocoleon. 1: 363 … buxiforme and a very common one for P. erectum (see Table 3). The Missouri Archaeologist, 76, 88–115. ). Mueller, N.G. This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Polygonum (family Polygonaceae).. CAS_BIOLOGICAL_SCIENCES 5. > > Linnaean Plant Types and their Types, London: Linnaean Society of London in association with the Natural History Museum, pp. The lost crops of eastern North America have small seeds with thick, indigestible fruit or seed coats in their wild forms. My Account | Waste areas, roadsides, yards, river shores, railroads. If not for the wooly, boulder-sized beasts that once roamed North America in vast herds, ancient people might have looked past the little barley that grew under those thundering hooves. Funding Agency. monspeliense (Thiéb.) Other early-emerging, annual Polygonum species include Pennsylvania smartweed (Polygonum pensylvanicum L.) Linnaean Plant Types and their Types, London: Linnaean Society of London in association with the Natural History Museum, pp. This is a rare morphology for P. aviculare subsp. Inflorescences axillary; cymes in axils of most leaves and toward tips of stems and branchs, 1–5-flowered. Polygonum. “Evolutionary Bet-Hedgers Under Cultivation: Investigating the Domestication of Erect Knotweed (Polygonum erectum L.) using Growth Experiments.” Human Ecology 45(2):189-203. The R.M. Polygonum is a genus of about 130 species of flowering plant in the buckwheat and knotweed family Polygonaceae.Common names include knotweed and knotgrass (though the common names may refer more broadly to plants from Polygonaceae).In the Middle English glossary of herbs Alphita (c. 1400–1425), it was known as ars-smerte. Original material of Polygonum aviculare L. [family POLYGONACEAE], Filed as Polygonum erectum L. [family POLYGONACEAE], Neotype of Polygonum erectum L. [family POLYGONACEAE], Filed as Polygonum buxifolium Nutt. Polygonum basiramium. From Wikispecies. It is native to Canada and the contiguous United States. Since the 1930s, archaeologists have been accumulating data on the lost crops of eastern North America. No published written or oral histories attest to the methods used in their … It was formerly confused with P. achoreum (T. R. Mertens and P. H. Raven 1965). The key uses only the summer fruits, which are smaller, and brown to black, while the late-season fruits are olive green in color and significantly larger. Stems erect to ascending, sparingly branched in distal 1/2, not wiry, 15–75 cm. 5, Erect knotweed, Flora of North America Vol. B. Polygonum aviculare subsp. All Rights Reserved. Leaves are smooth, broadly obvate, rather obtuse- 1 to 2 inches long - and about half as broad - either sessile or petiolate. • CT, MA, ME, NH, RI, VT. “Carbonization, Differential Preservation, and Sampling Biases in Domestication Studies: An Erect Knotweed (Polygonum erectum L.) Case Study. It is found in field crops, row crops, orchards, yards, gardens and turf. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Discover (and save!) There have been various opinions about how broadly the genus should be defined. FAQ | It was formerly confused with P. achoreum (T. R. Mertens and P. H. Raven 1965). The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. It is a photoautotroph. Please credit the artist, original publication if applicable, and the USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database. Polygonaceae. If not for the wooly, boulder-sized beasts that once roamed North America in vast herds, ancient people might have looked past the little barley that grew under those thundering hooves. 1783; Polygonum heterophyllum Lindman 1912; Polygonum monspeliense Thiébaud in Persoon 1805; Polygonum rectum (Chrtek) Scholz 1959; International Common Names Polygonum erectum was cultivated in the midwest by Native Americans for its starchy seeds (C. M. Scarry 1993). In the Middle English glossary of herbs Alphita (c. 1400-1425), it was known as ars-smerte. It is one of the four small starchy seeds of the pre-maize quartet, which also includes chenopod, maygrass, and little barley. 1913. Blame it on the bison. Polygonum aviculare or common knotgrass is a plant related to buckwheat and dock.It is also called prostrate knotweed, birdweed, pigweed and lowgrass.It is an annual found in fields and wasteland, with white flowers from June to October. 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