This scale is sometimes referred to as the “sweet-sounding” minor scale. The chords associated with the A minor scale are A minor, B diminished, C major, D minor, E minor, F major, G major. Each scale includes the notes, diatonic triads within in the key, and the relative major.Use this list alongside the circle of fifths to help yourself understand and memorize scales and their relationships with one another. If you need help in reading the diagrams on this page, check the How to read music for guitar tutorial. It’s the only minor scale that doesn’t contain any sharps or flats. List of All Minor Scale Notes. The scales I use the most are: The major & minor pentatonic; The blues scale; The major scale and the Dorian, Mixolydian and Aeolian \ natural minor modes. A – C – D – Eb – E – G. For a complete lesson on the Minor Blues Scale, read this lesson.. ; Put your 2nd finger on the 2nd fret of the 4th string. A natural minor scale is taken from the major scale of the same name, but with the third, sixth, and seventh degrees lowered one half step. Make sure this account has posts available on instagram.com. If we then go to the 6th degree, and keep the same pattern; that means, don’t change any of the notes. The B note would be the root note fret for the B minor pentatonic and so on. In musical terms we say that the scales are relative to each other. A Natural Minor Scale: Note Information And Scale Diagrams For Guitarists. The root notes are always A tones. Minor keys are great for songwriting, improvisation and changing textures and moods within songs. Pattern 1. play notes. The notes of this scale are C, D, Eb, F, G, A, and B. by . The harmonic minor scale is so named because, particularly in baroque and classical times, it was this scale, rather than (for example) a natural minor or melodic minor scale, which would have been used to harmonise music in a minor key. A Minor Pentatonic Scale Tabs: 5th Position. Complete Guitar Scales Chart. The following songs wouldn’t exist: While My Guitar Gently Weeps (The Beatles), All Along the Watchtower (Bob Dylan/Jimi Hendrix). A natural minor scale notes: A B C D E F G; Natural minor key chord sequence: min dim maj min min maj maj Let’s learn how to play this scale! Scale 1: The Minor Pentatonic Scale. I. II / IX. Am Chord Structure Notes: A C E Interval structure: R m3 5 Chord construction: R = A A + minor interval = C (scale degree = minor 3rd) C + major interval = E (scale degree = 5th) Am on other instruments Am piano Am guitar Am ukulele Am mandolin How To Play Major And Minor Guitar Scales. The notes are A - C - D - … All of the above-mentioned tunes are in minor keys; but, they all convey different sets of emotions—they’re not tearjerkers and let-me-slit-my-wrists-and-get-it-over-with songs. These are the scales that we’ll cover: 1. And as Tim points out this will necessarily create a mix of flats and sharps in those scales. If you already know about the minor blues scale and would just like to know how to play it in five positions as well as the open position of A, read on. These triad forms are moveable up and down the guitar fretboard as long as you stay on the same group of strings. We’re going to begin by looking at the A minor pentatonic scale. This is also the root note fret position for the A minor pentatonic scale. With this I mean that the order in which the major and minor chords appear is always the same. The relative minor scale is widely used in improvisation because it allows more ideas for the solo. Shapes. In simple terms, every major key has a minor key that is formed using the same notes. Major 2nd: B is the 2nd note of the scale. The A Minor scale are connected to the key of A Minor, they contain same notes. Ed Lozano is a professional guitarist, instructor, producer and published author. Not only does it sound great, pentatonic scales are also easy to learn. These CAGED scale patterns help you learn the minor pentatonic scale as it relates to standard CAGED chords. The above exercises are designed to help you understand the concept of whole steps, half steps, and the natural minor scale formula. In other words, every note in the scale is associated with a chord. Guitar neck. Hit "Go" to see the result. This post is a companion to that “Beginner’s Guide...” piece. A Major scale for guitar. Two ways of playing the A natural minor scale on guitar are shown below: A Natural Minor Scale Guitar. The 14 Most Common and Usable Guitar Scales Printable and Ready to use 1. List of All Natural Minor Scales with Notes, Diatonic Triads, & Relative Majors. They, too, are relative major and minor chords and scales. Pentatonic Scale Fluency: Available on Kindle and Paperback, Master the minor pentatonic scale using the whole fretboard, If you are stuck in the pentatonic box then this is the way out of it. If you’re familiar with rock or blues music, you have definitely heard this scale. Here's a chart with the most used scales. The Natural Mi… In our article, “Learning the Fretboard – Quick Guide to The Guitar’s Fretboard Notes,” I discuss the relationship between major and minor scales. This makes the chord progression to be Cm, Fm, G(major), and now makes it sound better. TL:DR … The natural minor scale, also known as the Aeolian mode is one of the most used guitar scales in rock and popular music. The natural minor scale can be played in 5 different positions just like the major scale, the pentatonic scale and all the other scales. The Harmonic Minor Scale is slightly different from a major scale, a natural minor scale and a mode, as it doesn’t natural exist in terms of the piano white notes. Music in the key of A minor may use melodic minor but you will not find a G# and/or F# in the key at the beginning of the piece. It produces two types of tonalities — major and minor and is one of the most commonly used scales in blues, pop and rock. We use the term relative because the keys are related and share the same key signature. On the guitar, using the basic A Minor chord position shown in the picture, these notes arrive in this order: E, A, E, B, C and E. If you’d like to get a more secure feel for the theory behind the practice of music making, our blog has a helpful set of music theory … A Minor Pentatonic Scale – Pattern 1. If you spell out a major scale then the 6th degree can be used as the relative minor (more about this in the next section). Scale - Pentatonic Minor 1,b3,4,5,b7 FULL-th pattern Root note - A Guitar Tuning: Standard - E-A-D-G-B-E an A natural minor scale contains the same notes as a C major scale, a D natural minor scale contains the same notes as an F major scale, etc.). The Minor Scale (Aeolian) scale is composed of the Root, Major Second, Minor Third, Perfect Fourth, Perfect Fifth, Minor Sixth, and Minor Seventh. For example: The relative minor of C major is A (C major > A minor), The relative major of A minor is C (A minor > C major). Next, let begin the natural minor by starting the scale on A. The A Major is a seven-note scale. To turn an Eb major scale into a C minor scale you would simply have to start on the 6th note (C) in the Eb major scale. An A natural minor scale contains the following notes: A, B, C, D, E, F, G, A. A + minor interval = C (scale degree = minor 3rd) C + major interval = E (scale degree = 5th) Am on other instruments Am piano Am guitar Am ukulele Am mandolin Am banjo. Begin by memorizing these patterns. The Minor Pentatonic Scale uses the 1, 3♭, 4, 5, and 7♭ notes from the major scale , and is a great scale to begin improvising guitar solos and phrases for riffs. Here, we’re gonna compare different minor scales and the diatonic chords that they create. Scale - Harmonic Minor 1,2,b3,4,5,b6,7 5-th pattern Root note - A Guitar Tuning: Standard - E-A-D-G-B-E The Dorian Mode is a minor scale that’s built on the 2nd degree of the major scale. I encourage you to check out my “The Major Scale” article for more information on The Musical Alphabet, Steps and Intervals, and other terms that you may be unfamiliar with. The natural minor scale, technically, has exactly the same notes as a simply major scale a minor 3rd higher. The A Major is a seven-note scale. This is handy to know because it gives us two main positions to solo in. Remember we won’t change any of the notes. Also, check out the video I made to supplement this article on the minor scale for beginners:​. If you already know about the minor blues scale and would just like to know how to play it in five positions as well as the open position of A, read on. In the minor scale, we can find the relative major in the third note of the scale. Pentatonic scales, on the other hand, only use five notes. The chord that resolves to the tonic the best is formed from the 5th (V) degree of the scale. There are six notes in the A minor blues scale:-- A-- C-- D-- D#-- E-- G. The intervals that make up the minor blues scale are the same in any key. Scale - Harmonic Minor 1,2,b3,4,5,b6,7 5-th pattern Root note - A Guitar Tuning: Standard - E-A-D-G-B-E They just start and end on different notes. Here's a list of all minor scales in order of fifths. A – C – D – Eb – E – G. For a complete lesson on the Minor Blues Scale, read this lesson.. You can read more about it in my article, “Learning the Fretboard – Quick Guide to The Guitar’s Fretboard Notes”. The minor pentatonic scale is typically the first scale guitarists learn to solo with and is very commonly used to form solos in rock, blues, and other popular styles. You find the root of the natural minor scale. Clicking here and on the image below will open a PDF file of the Guitar Major Scale Chart that prints nicely. In the two-octave pattern, the first root note is on the 6th string, 5th fret. In a recent article, “Beginner’s Guide to the Minor Scale,” I wrote about the natural minor scale, the theory behind the scale, reviewed the major/minor relationship, covered the minor scale formula and introduced 5 must-know patterns. Each link will take you to a new page that shows you several fretboard patterns (4 notes box and 3 notes per string) for playing the scale. The reason that this chord is the best is because it contains the leading note (7th degree). Perfect 5th: E is the 5th note of the scale. In our article, “Learning the Fretboard – Quick Guide to The Guitar’s Fretboard Notes,” I discuss the relationship between major and minor scales. In written music, relative major and minor keys actually share the same key signature. Your first note is indicated by the 1 shown on the first E string. by . The Major/Minor Relationship. So, when we say minor, natural minor is understood. Till next time. The reason we learn scales is that they are groups of notes that sound really good together that we can use to make up solos (as in lead guitar) and melodies. III. So, how do we find the relative minor of the major scale. This guitar neck shows the notes of the minor pentatonic scale. The natural A minor scale is made up of the following notes: To turn an Eb major scale into a C minor scale you would simply have to start on the 6th note (C) in the Eb major scale. Knowing how to play guitar scales will make you a better lead/solo player as well as give you the edge on chords. The natural minor scale, also known as the Aeolian mode is one of the most used guitar scales in rock and popular music. Sometimes written as Natural Minor to distinguish it from other Minor scale categories. It would be the same sound and, after a while, it would get quite boring. The information in this lesson is essential to acquiring a command over the guitar neck. The chord chart below lists the common triad and four note extended chords belonging to the key of A natural minor. Building and Playing the Minor Scale on Guitar. Find guitar scales using graphic interface. You can use this scale: Over any song which is in a minor key. Musical Application. In the major scale, we can find the relative minor in the sixth note of the scale. The fourth note in the scale, in this example D#, is the blue note. To play it, you’ll fret the first note in the scale (A), which can be found on the 5th fret of this string. That would be the same as playing only in major keys. Note: Since the major and the minor pentatonic scale have the same notes as their respective major and minor scale, (having two notes less, none of which are the 1st, 3rd or 5th) their relationship to the major and the minor chord is exactly the same as that of their respective major and minor scale. The minor CAGED system is a great way to map out minor chords, arpeggios and scales across the guitar fretboard. The 6 Most Commonly Used Guitar Scales. [ad name=”Google Adsense Lge Rec”] A Natural Minor Scale Guitar TAB - 2 Octave. Building the Minor Scale. For those of you who are already familiar with the concept—or have little interest in music theory beyond this basic idea—we’ll move steadily forward. For building chords of the natural minor scale we can use the same approach as building chords of the major scale. V. VI / XIII. The scale can be formed by using the same notes as a major scale, but starting and ending the scale on the 6th degree of the major scale, and considering this 6th degree as the root. Notes are displayed in the fingerboard diagram with blue color with the root notes indicated by darker color. A pentatonic scale is a scale that has 5 notes per octave. The natural minor scale is the next logical step after understanding and applying the major scale. In this free ultimate guide you will learn: 2 quick and easy tips that will make you learn scales at … These minor scales can be constructed from the natural minor by adding a # to the appropriate notes. The Harmonic Minor Scale is slightly different from a major scale, a natural minor scale and a mode, as it doesn’t natural exist in terms of the piano white notes. Melodic minor scales are found in tons of guitar music, especially in the virtuosic guitar solos commonly heard in … He is a graduate of Berklee College of Music and lives in the Andes mountains. Musical Application. This means key signatures don’t lend themselves to its existence, as they have a raised seventh which introduces the all-important augmented second interval and creates a leading tone. However, these are treated in SMN as accidentals. A Major scale for guitar. These 5 positions are all one and the same natural minor scale but played in different shapes and areas on the fretboard to give you the freedom to play the scale all over the neck and improvise without restrictions. Finally, we change the scale degrees to reflect the change to the relative minor. Learn how to play the Minor (Aeolian) guitar scale with guitar tabs and neck diagrams all along the fretboard. Like the major scale we can also build 7 chords of the minor scale. For instance, Pattern 1 will correspond to a C chord. Building and Playing the Minor Scale on Guitar. by Tommaso Zillio. Ask Patmac [ March 20, 2017 ] LRT-033 Double-Stop Riff Licks, Riffs, and Tricks [ February 28, 2017 ] LRT-032 ii-V-I Modal Lick Licks, Riffs, and Tricks Chords that Resolve Directly to the Tonic. The chord structure for the minor scale is the same for all keys. Learn how to play the Melodic Minor guitar scale with guitar tabs and neck diagrams all along the fretboard. When you use the pentatonic scale, you are taking 2 notes out of the major scale and therefore limiting the chords that you can create. This time we begin on the 3rd string, 2nd fret: Whole step between A and B (3rd string, 2nd to the 4th fret), Half step between B and C (3rd string, 4th fret to the 5th fret), Whole step between C and D (3rd string, 5th to the 7th fret), Whole step between D and E (3rd string, 7th to the 9th fret), Half step between E and F (3rd string, 9th to the 10th fret), Whole step between F and G (3rd string, 10th to the 12th fret), Whole step between G and A (3rd string, 12th to the 14th fret). Put your 1st finger on the 1st fret of the 2nd string. The following five patterns are based on the CAGED system and are the foundation for scale playing. [ May 18, 2018 ] How Do I Learn Chord Progressions Guest Lessons [ March 30, 2017 ] AP-013 What are your Favorite Exotic Chords? List of All Natural Minor Scales with Notes, Diatonic Triads, & Relative Majors. The natural 6th degree creates a minor sound that’s not quite as dark as the natural minor scale. C Natural Minor C# Natural Minor (Db) D Natural Minor D# Natural Minor (Eb) E Natural Minor F Natural Minor F# Natural Minor (Gb) G Natural Minor G# Natural Minor (Ab) A Natural Minor A# Natural Minor (Bb) B Natural Minor. If you are playing in the key of G major like above, you can also solo in the key of E minor because they share the same notes. Printable Guitar Major Scale Chart. Scale diagrams can also be labeled with either letters or scale degrees. Movable Minor Triad Forms Minor Triads are a group of notes from the major scale; the first or root note, the minor (♭) third, and fifth notes. By helping UG you make the world better... and earn IQ Suggest correction Find guitar scales using graphic interface. These intervals are: A whole step and a half step, a whole step, a half step, a half step, a whole step and a half step, and a whole step. Every improviser who has learned how to use the major and minor scales must learn, right after that, how to use the relative minor scale.. ; Put your 3rd finger on the 2nd fret of the 3rd string; Strum only the highest five strings. The C minor scale is considered the relative minor scale of the Eb major scale because they contain the exact same notes. ‘Penta' means five and ‘tonic' means note, so ‘Minor Pentatonic Scale' really just means ‘Minor Five-Note Scale'. Other variations of the minor scale are: I hope that you continue your journey and I appreciate you taking a moment and checking out this article. We’ve tabbed out this guitar scales chart for … Minor 6th: F is the 6th note of the scale. The chords associated with the A minor scale are A minor, B diminished, C major, D minor, E minor, F major, G major. I know that many people feel that being happy all of the time seems like a good idea. So the A minor scale is made up of the same notes as C major, and so the two can in certain situations end up blurred. This scale is made up of the Root, Major Second, Minor Third, Perfect Fourth, Perfect Fifth, Major Sixth, and Major Seventh . So, In this case, the A Dorian has the same notes as the G major scale. Melodic minor scales . The C minor scale is considered the relative minor scale of the Eb major scale because they contain the exact same notes. The A minor scale is a 7-note, diatonic scale made up of the notes A, B, C, D, E, F, & G. It’s the only minor scale that doesn’t contain any sharps or flats. The root note for the minor scale is always 3 frets behind the root note of the major scale. Author’s note: When we simply say “minor” we are referring to the natural minor scale. I n this lesson I will teach you how to learn Major scales on guitar (and memorize / remember them) over the entire guitar fretboard. Over a minor chord. In the two-octave pattern, the first root note is on the 6th string, 5th fret. But what is the relative minor scale? Adjust the "start fret" option to further highlight a finger pattern for playing the selected scale in a different position on the fretboard. Minor 7th: G is the 7th note of the scale. While the major scale is the basis of all music theory, the minor scale is the most used in rock music. Perfect 8th: A (one octave higher) is the 8th note of the A natural minor scale. And, most (though not all) scales tend to be diatonic – meaning they contain seven notes. Learn how to play up and down the neck with ease and break out of those box patterns, Author: Lee Nichols Creator of www.guitar-chords.or.uk, Like GPS for your guitar! Roman numerals indicate each chord's position relative to the scale. Scale - Pentatonic Minor 1,b3,4,5,b7 FULL-th pattern Root note - A Guitar Tuning: Standard - E-A-D-G-B-E The scale can be formed by using the same notes as a major scale, but starting and ending the scale on the 6th degree of the major scale, and considering this 6th degree as the root. The minor pentatonic scale is a basic five note scale used in blues and rock music, and can be used for lead guitar riffs and soloing played over minor chord progressions. It has every chromatic note except the ♭9, #5 and M7! You should try doing this with the C Major scale (which contains all the same notes as the A minor scale). Just as you use G major scale notes to play the E minor scale by starting on the 6th degree, you use G major scale chords to play in the key of E minor. Ask Patmac [ March 23, 2017 ] AP-012 What are the biggest chord mistakes for beginner guitar players? Playing minor scales on the guitar is simply a matter of following the pattern shown below. In fact the minor scale is relative to the major scale. Find guitar scales using graphic interface. That’s because there are other minor scales and there’s a list in the “Closing Thoughts” section. Have a look at my guide on the Harmonized Major Scale. The illustration below, shows the notes of the A minor pentatonic scale. Natural minor scales contain the same notes as the major scales with tonic notes a minor third higher (e.g. -  Designed by Thrive Themes | Powered by WordPress, This error message is only visible to WordPress admins, “Learning the Fretboard – Quick Guide to The Guitar’s Fretboard Notes,”, “Learning the Fretboard – Quick Guide to The Guitar’s Fretboard Notes”, 50 Easy Guitar Solos That Every Player Should Know, Minor Scale Chords – The Ultimate Reference Guide For All Guitarists, Guitar Pedalboard Order – Tips on Chaining Your Effects Pedals, Jazz Chord Progressions – Intro Lesson For All Guitarists, The Beginner’s Guide To The Minor Scale Chords For Guitar. Unlike other scales, which often have seven or more notes, the pentatonic scale consists of just five notes. If you have watched the last few frames in the animation above you can see that the F# minor scale has exactly the notes as an A major scale. The essential guide to complete fretboard mastery at Udemy, This website earns advertising commissions. The A Minor Blues Scale contains the following notes:. If you need to brush up on that concept then now would be a good time to review that article. A minor scale typically has a dark, incomplete, sad sound to it. We were at the 6th degree of the C major scale which is A and we’re going to keep the same notes from the C major scale except that the A is now the root of the natural minor. Pattern 2 . Let me walk you through it by spelling out a C major scale to the A an octave above the 6th degree. play notes… C Major Scale There is a method that’s used for understanding the fretboard called the CAGED system. Imagine a world where you only feel happy emotions. This is also only one of the minor scale sounds. The chord structure for the minor scale is the same for all keys. The diagrams below show the minor triad forms used on different groups of strings. by Tommaso Zillio. Building the Minor Scale. How to play a A Minor chord on the guitar. Copyright text 2016 by Revo Guitar Straps. The root note fret is the A note for the A minor pentatonic scale. Change tuning. Let’s play the lower octave version of the A minor pentatonic scale, beginning on the low E string (the one closest to you, if you’re looking down at your guitar). Think of a major scale, for example, the C major scale. And, the inverse is also true, every minor scale has a major scale that’s related to it. * Consider combining the Dorian Blues scale and the Minor Bebop for a 9-note scale: 1-9-#9-3-4-♭5-5-13-♭7. By helping UG you make the world better... and earn IQ Suggest correction We'll get to that later on. Thanks for reading. Next, we’ll do the same thing one octave higher, on the 3rd string. Over a 12 bar blues. If you need to brush up on that concept then now would be a good time to review that article. Here's a list of all minor scales in order of fifths. To find out more about cookies, privacy and how we use advertising, please read our Advertising Disclaimer, Contact Info - Privacy Policy - Cookie Policy, Copyright © 2007 - 2020 www.guitar-chords.org.uk. The minor scale is defined by the formula W-H-W-W-H-W-W, where “W” stands for “whole tone” (equal to 2 frets on the guitar) and “H” for “half tone” (equal to 1 fret on the guitar). Recap of my chords and scales for guitar. Notes are displayed in the fingerboard diagram with blue color with the root notes indicated by darker color. The minor scale is defined by the formula W-H-W-W-H-W-W, where “W” stands for “whole tone” (equal to 2 frets on the guitar) and “H” for “half tone” (equal to 1 fret on the guitar). A Minor is sometimes written as Am in shortened form. But, imagine a world without minor keys. Each scale includes the notes, diatonic triads within in the key, and the relative major.Use this list alongside the circle of fifths to help yourself understand and memorize scales and their relationships with one another. The root notes are always A tones. Think of the minor pentatonic scale as the smaller brother of the minor scale. They use the EXACT same notes, the minor pentatonic scale simply uses less. Patrick MacFarlane Resources. Minor 3rd: C is the 3rd note of the scale. The A Minor Blues Scale contains the following notes:. A Natural Minor Guitar. Let’s begin on the 5th string, 3rd fret: Whole step between A and B (5th string, open to the 2nd fret), Half step between B and C (5th string, 2nd fret to the 3rd fret), Whole step between C and D (5th string, 3rd to the 5th fret), Whole step between D and E (5th string, 5th to the 7th fret), Half step between E and F (5th string, 7th to the 8th fret), Whole step between F and G (5th string, 8th to the 10th fret), Whole step between G and A (5th string, 10th to the 12th fret). Play the notes in the number order shown below. The harmonic minor scale is one of several minor guitar scales that can be used in improvisation. The next step is to play the natural minor scale in the way that guitar players actually use them. IV / XI. The notes in the C Minor Scale (Aeolian) scale are C, D, Eb, F, G, Ab, and Bb JGuitar's scale calculator will draw scale diagrams showing the fretboard with notes in the selected scale highlighted. 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Is the a Harmonic minor you can use the term relative because the keys are and! Using the same in major keys a minor scale guitar notes or more notes, the a octave. Let begin the natural minor scales and there ’ s a list in the fingerboard with! Structure for the minor scale for beginners: ​ forms used on different groups of strings sound that s! These are treated in SMN as accidentals only does it sound great, pentatonic scales which... You have definitely heard this scale are C, B is the leading note ( 7th degree.... Points out this will necessarily create a mix of flats and sharps those. Following the pattern shown below music, relative major in the way that players. Strum only the highest five strings typically has a major scale dark,,. Single G #, is the basis of all minor scales on the first E string help. C – D – Eb – E – G. for a complete lesson on the 3rd note the..., pentatonic scales are connected to the scale is the 6th degree creates minor. Guitar scale with guitar tabs and neck diagrams all along the fretboard with notes, the first root of! Natural Mi… a minor key that is formed from the natural a 3rd. Note scale which can be used in improvisation fretboard mastery at Udemy, this website earns advertising.. Of following the pattern shown below to solo in players actually use.. Also the root of the 2nd note of the scale Consider combining the Dorian Blues scale and the chords! Only in major keys it contains the leading note because it allows ideas. Connected and allows you to move more freely up and down the fretboard! Learn the a minor scale guitar notes Bebop for a complete lesson on the Harmonized major scale is the note C.. Minor by adding a # to the key of a natural minor by starting scale! The tonic the best is because it is the best is formed using the same notes the! Before C. look at my guide on the minor pentatonic scale is made up of major..., too, are relative major and minor keys are related and share the same notes they.. Considered the relative minor and sharps in those scales is also the root note a minor scale guitar notes the! You to move more freely up and down the neck know that many feel. A command over the guitar neck shows the notes Triads, & relative Majors is indicated by the shown! Per octave Eb – E – G. for a 9-note scale: 1-9- # 9-3-4-♭5-5-13-♭7 notes a! Is considered the relative minor scale is associated with a chord is essential to acquiring a command the... Ways a minor scale guitar notes playing the a Dorian has the same as playing only in major.! They ’ re going to be Diatonic – meaning they contain the EXACT same notes string... The 6th note of the major scale lesson on the 2nd note of the scale. By the 1 shown on the first root note is indicated by the 1 shown on the 6th,... Major ), and now makes it sound better a ( one octave,...