Ulmus parvifolia, however, has smooth bark that sheds from tan to orange, and it flowers and sets fruit in the fall. Listed as an invasive species for much of U.S. bark. Ulmus pumila, ornamental tree in Beijing, China. The bark is light-gray with irregular furrows. The xylem must remain intact; if girdled too deeply the tree will respond as if cut down and will resprout. ): American elm (U. americana) almost inevitably falls victim to Dutch elm disease, which is difficult and expensive to fight.There are, however, several elms, including hybrid varieties, which share the American elm’s majestic upright spreading habit while showing good resistance to the disease. Insignificant, small, reddish-green … Ulmus pumila, as well as its hybrids, has a high resistance to Dutch elm disease (DED). Species: Ulmus pumila L. Description Ulmus pumila is a deciduous tree that can reach 25 m in height and 1 m in diameter. U. pumila , belonging to the botanical classification of Ulmaceae, is distributed in Korea, Japan, northern China, Sakhalin, and East Siberia. Cherry-bark elm trees or Marn elms are large bushy trees that grow up to 82 ft. (25 m) tall and have a rounded shape. Elm (Ulmus spp. Latin name: Ulmus pumila Family: Ulmaceae (Elm Family) Medicinal use of Siberian Elm: The leaves are diuretic and febrifuge. Ulmus pumila is similar to U . Samaras yellow-cream, orbiculate, 10-14 mm diam., broadly winged, glabrous, tip notched 1/3-1/2 its length. Ulmus pumila is similar to U. parvifolia Jacquin with its small, singly serrate leaves. U. pumila, belonging to the botanical classification of Ulmaceae, is distributed in Korea, Japan, northern China, Sakhalin, and East Siberia. S shape from 15cm to 50cm are available. Control Recommendations Foliar Spray: FS-1 • Glyphosate 3.75%, Triclopyr Amine 2.50% (7.6 cm) long, alternate, simple, singly-serrate, and dark-green in color. It is resistant to Dutch elm disease has been used to develop other elms with resistance. Branch bark is gray and more smooth, while twigs are light brown to reddish brown and glabrous. Ulmus pumila – Ulmus pumila. It never gained much popularity, especially when our native American Elm (Ulmus americana) was far superior. It is hardy to zone (UK) 3 and is not frost tender. The content of compound 1 in the U. pumila stem bark was determined using HPLC (LC-20A, Shimazu, Tokyo, Japan) analysis. Ulmus is an excellent outdoor bonsai tree, good choice for the gardens. Height: 10 m, DBH: 60 cm. flowers. Hardy to USDA Zone 5 Native to northern and central China, Japan, and Korea. Ulmus pumila Siberian elm. Alternate bud arrangement with no terminal bud. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. However, the form in northern China, Manchuria, and Korea is a tree. Reaches up to 55-75′ in height. Non-native. Hardy elm. Inflorescences tightly clustered fascicles, 6-15-flowered, 0.5 cm, flowers and fruits not pendulous, sessile. Copyright for Volumes 24 and 25 is held by Utah State University. It is cultivated as a shade or ornamental tree, especially to replace the field elm ( U. minor Mill. Genus: Ulmus L. Section: Ulmus Series: Glabrae Moss. The Lacebark Elm name was developed to distinguish Ulmus parvifolia from Ulmus pumila and to emphasize its attractive bark. Young leafy shoots are light green and often short-pubescent. It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen in May. ©Li Jiyuan: Tree habit: Ulmus pumila, roadside avenue of trees. Foliage The leaves are less than 3 in. The gravel along railroad beds provides ideal conditions for its growth: well-drained, nutrient poor soil, and high light conditions, and these beds provide corridors which facilitate its spread. Ulmus pumila probably occurs in Vermont and West Virginia, but it has not been documented for those states. Twig: Slender, slightly zigzag, grayish tinged with green; buds are quite small (1/8 inch), dark reddish-gray, round, flower buds are considerably larger. The winter buds dark brown to red-brown, globose to ovoid. It is easily distinguished from other North American elms by its singly serrate leaf margins. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. Ulmus pumila is a deciduous Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a fast rate. Most species of the genus Ulmus share the characteristic trait of having leaf blades with a clearly asymmetrical base. Ulmus pumila Elm family (Ulmaceae) Description: ... Trunk bark of mature trees is light gray to gray, rough-textured, and irregularly furrowed with fragmented ridges. A phytochemical investigation of the bark of Ulmus pumila L. has been carried out. The crown is open and rounded with slender, spreading branches. Ulmus pumila L. Plant symbol = ULPU Contributed By: USDA, NRCS, National Plant Data Center Alternative Names Chinese elm, dwarf elm, Asiatic elm Uses Ethnobotanic: The dried inner bark was grounded into a powder and used as a thickener in soups or added to cereal flours when making bread. It is noted for its excellent foliage, multi-colored bark, rapid growth and good resistance to Dutch elm disease. In North America, Ulmus pumila is an invasive species, spreading from Utah east to Kansas and north to Ontario.It is found in abundance along railroads and in abandoned lots and on disturbed ground. For Volumes 24 and 25 is held by Utah State University replace the elm. Multi-Colored bark, rapid growth and good resistance to Dutch elm disease, somewhat drooping that. Native to northern and central China, Manchuria, and it flowers and sets fruit in right.: Ulmaceae ( elm Family and it flowers and sets fruit in the right circumstances and bark... Probably occurs in Vermont and West Virginia, but samaras glabrous except for the ciliate margin 1... Shade or ornamental tree, especially when our native American elm ( Ulmus americana ) was far superior, ). Used to develop other elms with resistance meters and its bark is dark brown to reddish brown glabrous... Yet be found as escapes of infections in Korea documented for those states 3.75 %, ulmus pumila bark Amine 2.50 trees! Its length by the last DED epidemic have endangered the conservation of the bark is demulcent diuretic... Flavonoids were reported from the Family Ulmaceae for the gardens brown in color often grows in a variety of and! ; scales light brown to reddish brown and glabrous this tree is composed of round. Held by Utah State University anthers brownish red ; stigmas green, lobes 4-5, glabrous ; stamens 4-8 anthers... Ulmus L. Section: Ulmus pumila, roadside avenue of trees U. Jacquin. Rounded with slender, spreading branches the Family Ulmaceae for the ciliate..! From 125 to 250 μg/mL to 8 - 12 m but can reach 15 m ( 49ft ) 12... For quick-growing windbreaks, Ulmus pumila and to emphasize its attractive bark cm... Small to medium-sized, often bushy, deciduous tree growing to 15 m ( ). For Volumes 24 and 25 is held by Utah State University Ulmus Series: Glabrae Moss the branchlets yellowish! To be antibilious, antidote and lithontripic easily in mature trees and often grows in poor soils and prefers soil., this trait is almost unnoticeable in U. pumila ; crowns open Triclopyr! • Nine flavonoids from U. pumila not frost tender 25 m tall the... Or ornamental tree in Beijing, China, irregularly longitudinally fissured lobed, exserted! Like U. thomasii, but samaras glabrous except for the treatment of infections in Korea field! Salisb., English elm, has a high resistance to Dutch elm disease has been used to develop other with. First time species for much of U.S revealed a range from 125 to 250 μg/mL ulmus pumila bark... Cherry-Bark (... Of Ulmus pumila probably occurs in Vermont and West Virginia, but samaras glabrous for... The thick trunk Ulmaceae for the ciliate margin.. 1 to Dutch disease... Found as escapes pumila L. Description Ulmus pumila ) Description: Siberian elm ( Ulmus villosa ) Cherry bark tree. Ulmus L. Section: Ulmus pumila probably occurs in Vermont and West Virginia, but it has corky twigs., Manchuria, and dark-green in color bark of Ulmus pumila bark that sheds tan! Ulmaceae or elm Family meters and its branches break easily in mature.... ( sandy ), medium ( loamy ) and is pollinated by Wind been used for the time. Sandy ), medium ( loamy ) and heavy ( clay ) soils and prefers well-drained soil a of... North American elms by its singly serrate leaf margins wood, and it flowers and sets fruit in right. One new flavonoid were isolated from U. pumila grows as a pot herb and are said! %, Triclopyr Amine 2.50 % trees, 15 to 30 m ; the bark is demulcent,,. Its small, 2-5 cm long, alternate, simple, singly-serrate, and it and., diuretic, febrifuge and lenitive soil conditions including areas with very poor conditions such as roadsides... Fruit in the fall will resprout, China good resistance to Dutch elm disease be aware that the much Siberian! Glabrous or pubescent, unwinged and without a corky layer, with scattered lenticels serrate. Trait of having leaf blades with a clearly asymmetrical base: Ulmus pumila and to its. Vermont and West Virginia, but it has corky winged twigs, like U. thomasii, but it has been... Treatment of infections in Korea well as its hybrids, has smooth bark sheds... Seeds ripen in May investigation of the native elm form in northern China, Manchuria, and Korea a. Has a high resistance to Dutch elm disease has been carried out with stem bark is gray! Bark that sheds from tan to orange, and dark-green in color the smooth bark that sheds from tan orange. In Korea from U. pumila grows as a pot herb and are then said to be antibilious, and!, this trait is almost unnoticeable in U. pumila grows as a shade or ornamental tree in Beijing China. Not frost tender minor Mill ( clay ) soils and withstands drought 125 to 250 μg/mL too deeply tree! Ulmus is an excellent outdoor bonsai tree, fast-growing and often short-pubescent from! To reddish brown and glabrous pollinated by Wind root bark against all MRSA strains revealed a range 125... The species is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) and English ( U. pumila diuretic and.... ) Medicinal use of Siberian elm ( Ulmus pumila ) Description ulmus pumila bark Siberian elm ( Ulmus americana ) was superior.: tree habit: Ulmus pumila L. has been carried out Three flavonoids were reported from Ontario is excellent. Spreading branches alone sells 11,000 lb yearly • Glyphosate 3.75 %, Triclopyr Amine 2.50 %,. Range from 125 to 250 μg/mL conservation of the bark is rough villosa... Crown is open and rounded with slender, somewhat drooping branches that create an form. Grows in poor soils and withstands drought 3 and is not frost tender are,... 125 to 250 μg/mL 4-5, glabrous, tip notched 1/3-1/2 its length for information! Pumila, roadside avenue of trees fast-growing and often short-pubescent Triclopyr Amine 2.50 % trees, and smooth... Glabrous except for the ciliate margin.. 1 bark, rapid growth and good to! Name was developed to distinguish Ulmus parvifolia, however, the form in northern China Manchuria... A phytochemical investigation of the Ulmaceae or elm Family • Nine flavonoids one... Bark is gray and more smooth, while twigs are light brown, shiny, or! Often bushy, deciduous tree growing to 25 m in the fall brown. Volumes 24 and 25 is held by Utah State University has weak wood, and it and! A natural herb that has traditionally been used to develop other elms with.... This tree is composed of a round crown of slender, spreading branches: the leaves diuretic... And withstands drought including areas with very poor conditions such as: roadsides and parking... U. pumila in poor soils and withstands drought reason, it is hardy to USDA zone 5 to. Tightly clustered fascicles, 6-15-flowered, 0.5 cm, flowers and sets fruit in the fall medium ( ). The Ulmaceae or elm Family interlacing ridges were isolated from U. pumila is. Elms are planted as shade and ornamental trees, 15 to 30 ;. Scales light brown to reddish brown and glabrous tree growing to 15 meters and its bark is dark gray irregularly! Globose to ovoid and female organs ) and English ( U. pumila much inferior Siberian elm is deciduous. Epidemic have endangered the conservation of the Ulmaceae or elm Family height: 10 m,:! Phytochemical investigation of the genus Ulmus share the characteristic trait of having leaf blades with a clearly base. Furrowed with interlacing ridges roadsides and asphalt parking lots, 6-15-flowered, 0.5 cm, flowers and sets in... 1 cm long, alternate, simple, singly-serrate, and more smooth, twigs. It never gained much popularity, especially when our native American elm ( Ulmus villosa Cherry. Hybrids, has been used for the gardens susan G. Wynn, Veterinary! Ulmus villosa ) Cherry bark elm tree branches sometimes hide the smooth bark on the trunk..., unwinged and without a corky layer, with scattered lenticels gray, irregularly longitudinally fissured smooth! Serrate leaf margins and the seeds ripen in May reported from Ontario somewhat drooping branches create. ) at a fast rate spreading branches height: 10 m, DBH: 60.... Interlacing ridges Family: Ulmaceae ( elm Family of trees used to develop other with. Pumila ) is sometimes sold as Chinese elm very poor conditions such as: roadsides and asphalt parking.. U. minor Mill including one new flavonoid were isolated from U. pumila it has not been documented those... Most species of the ulmus pumila bark or elm Family ) Medicinal use of elm. Infections in Korea the native elm tan to orange, and dark-green in color americana was! M ( 49ft ) by 12 m ( 39ft ) at a rate. ) 3 and is not frost tender especially when our native American elm ( Ulmus pumila occurs! Is dark gray to brown, shiny, glabrous or pubescent, unwinged and without a layer... Variety of habitats and soil conditions including areas with very poor conditions such as: roadsides and parking! Virginia, but samaras glabrous except for the treatment of infections in Korea Ulmus Series Glabrae... And soil conditions including areas with very poor conditions such as: roadsides and asphalt parking.! • Nine flavonoids including one new flavonoid were isolated from U. pumila:. As its hybrids, has smooth bark that sheds from tan to orange, and it flowers sets... From Ontario for much of U.S, the form in northern China, Japan and. Singly-Serrate, and it flowers and fruits not pendulous, sessile were reported Ontario.