Some mineral blocks also contain salt, but not all. Each type of hay has unique advantages and disadvantages. By licking the mineral blocks a goat can help infuse more calcium, potassium, sulfur, copper, sodium, manganese, iron, iodine, and zinc into their system. I fed/feed all my Lamancha goats the same thing, bred, after kidding, year round. The closer you can keep to the traditional browsing habits of goats, the better the odds are that the animals will remain healthy. Feeding goats properly is essential to the overall health of the herd, and to the success of any meat goat, dairy goat, or fiber goat homesteading operation. Testing only a handful, a flake, or bale is not representative of the hay crop. Goats require additional hay, which is roughage, for their rumen to function properly. And a huge part, actually the most important part of your goat’s diet, is their hay. Grain feed should be only a small part – if at all, of the goat’s diet. The rumen is the first stomach compartment (rich in live … For this article, we tested a stack of timothy hay, a common grass hay. Year before last we planted a small patch of alfalfa. Maturity can be determined by stage of flower or seed head development. If your timothy was cut a bit late, add in a little alfalfa for some extra protein and you will have it made. It was a lifesaver last year when she had ketosis and milk fever. There are three different types of hay, Grass, Legume and Cereal Grain. It has less weeds, is finer-stemmed, fertilized, and grown during the optimal growing season. Goats are ruminant animals, they have four stomach chambers. This highly digestible pellet can be used to completely replace loose hay or supplement pasture for horses, cattle, sheep, goats, rabbits, … Very coarse hay or forage is not readily digestible by goats, so they prefer not to eat them. If you dread choosing hay for goats, you are not alone … there is much to know about what to feed goats. They get alfalfa hay free choice 24/7, a pelleted feed (16% with AC for the wethers), and whatever they can scrounge. Hay should have a high leaf to stem ratio. Mature sheep can get by on … Most farmers will allow you to purchase a sample bale before committing to tonnage. Use caution when feeding cereal hay. her homesteading skills are unmatched, she raises chickens, goats, horses, a wide variety of vegetables, not to mention she’s an expert is all sorts of homesteading skills such as hide tanning, doll making, tree tapping and many, many more. Timothy hay can be as high in protein as Alfalfa. If the copper were available, over supplementation could result in toxicity. The leaves of grasses change as the plant matures, making grass hays more digestible … Think of it as … Legume hay typically has the highest digestible energy, as the leaves do not change as the plant grows. Grass Hay can be timothy, orchard grass or other types of grass or broom grass. A mineral block for livestock works basically like a vitamin for human beings. Good hay should bend easily; if it snaps, it has high fiber and low digestibility. Sulfur, iron, and molybdenum bind copper: one part molybdenum ties up six parts of copper. This legume style hay boats a high protein, fiber, vitamin A and calcium percentage. Hay borers are available online for $150. Moisture content should be below 15 percent or there is a risk of mold or combustion. Cereal grain hay is comprised of 9% crude protein, and also has a significant manganeses, zinc, and phosphorus content. Even during the winter time goats can browse for a portion of their roughage intake, depending on your climate, and on how much space the herd has to roam and forage for food. Goats tend to love this type of hay because it is sweet and is soft enough that they can consume it right down through the stem easily. Goat kids as well as their nursing mommas typically thrive on a legume style of hay. Based on chemical analysis, this is straw, not hay, and without supplementation, cannot sustain life. It is a sweet smelling, … The ratio of calcium to phosphorus is critical to urinary calculi prevention in bucks and wethers. The chips from the core sample represent a wider geographic area and give the average of the crop on the field. Calcium deficiency can lead to complications with kidding and lactation. Wethers (neutered males) have different dietary needs than does (females). If feeding grain to goats it should account for no more than 10% of their overall daily food intake. The organic pellets are a little smaller than the regular alfalfa pellets, which were made with horses in mind. My goats prefer grass hay when they aren't feeling well and I also want to have some on hand for Isis. I feed mostly alfalfa hay which I get delivered in 5 - 10 ton lots at a time. Orchard – This style of hay is lower in protein than alfalfa hay but boasts a higher percentage of fiber. To keep the ruminant stomach chamber healthy and fully functional, a goat must eat enough roughage and avoid ingesting too much rich grain feed. Without factoring the content of the hay, all our calculations for supplementation are incorrect. This recommended amount varies based upon the maturity of the goat, stature (miniature goats, standard goats), and takes into account the enhanced caloric needs of pregnant or nursing nanny goats. The quality and type of the hay provided to the goat herd matters a great deal from a rumen health and nutrient intake perspective. Goats are browsers and not grazers like horses and cattle. We have a small utility … Sun can also bleach the exterior of bales, turning them yellow. Tara lives on a 56 acres farm in the Appalachian Mountains, where she faces homesteading and farming challenges every single day. Not only are some kitchen scraps or store bought food stuffs not safe for your goats to eat, some naturally growing matter that could be in the browsing area of pen can even be dangerous to deadly. Chaffhaye can be fed as a hay alternative, with more nutrient density than hay. This type of hay is usually comprised of alfalfa, soybeans, vetch, and clover. They should smell sweet, not sour or musty, which might indicate the presence of mold. It has many health benefits for goats as it is rich in fiber and has a moderate amount of nutrients. First cutting often has dry, overwintered weeds and grasses, may be coarser-stemmed, and is less likely to be fertilized. You should assume any link is an affiliate link. When a goat is starting to bloat or is bloated, it typically gravitates to the baking soda to help alleviate the increase in gas buildup. My goats like Timothy. Many people have unknowingly starved their animals by offering what appeared to be hay for goats but had the nutritional value of straw. Dirt not only increases the weight of the bale, and your cost, but contributes to respiratory issues when breathed as dust. Either buy goat-specific mineral blocks, or read the content label carefully to determine what nutrients the goat herd will ingest when licking the block. Suffice it to say that all hay is not created equal. Alfalfa hay is comprised of roughly 15% to 22% crude protein, and 32% crude fiber. A goat that consumes too much grain is at increased risk of health issues – like bloat. Orchard grass hay is comprised of about 30% crude fiber and 7% of crude protein. Keep baking soda in a small feeder inside the goat pen so it is always available for herd members to munch on. Cereal hay can either be harvested before the grain is produced or after the seed head is mature. Late season cuttings have the highest leaf to stem ratio. Training the goats to stay in their pen, free range on your homestead, or simply to establish trust so the animals run towards and not away from you if injured or trapped in fencing are all great reasons for giving small amounts of healthy treats. This style of hay is a nice mix of essential nutrients, but it also has a lower protein percentage than alfalfa hay. Some goats tend to be more prone to bloat than others, which means a keeper may need to adjust feeding habits slightly and provide more of an administered free choice supplement (baking soda) or keep bloat drenching. For Morgan Filly and Goat Always sample from the inside of the bale. Proper feeding is of utmost importance as feeding errors account for a large percentage of goat disease and death. Although your goats may not find it as tasty as other grasses. Timothy hay, like orchard grass and cereal grain hay is good to mix with legume hay for goats but should none of these varieties should solely comprise the hay … The unaffiliated grower had a range of quality standards available — this stack was rated excellent and priced at a premium. Farmers that test will mention test results in their ads. Legume hays, such as clover and alfalfa, usually have more protein, vitamins, and minerals, particularly calcium, than grass hays. Dairy goats are sometimes given more grain than meat and fiber goats in an attempt to enhance milk production. In alfalfa, avoid blister beetles which produce cantharidin, toxic to people and animals. In summary, hay quality is much more important in determining suitability for goats rather than type of hay. But you can feed your goats timothy if alfalfa is not available. In alfalfa fields, the use of molybdenum can alter the color, making the hay greener. In each case, goats will need supplementation of some type to maintain optimum productivity when hay … Your Copper Guide. I consent to Backyard Goats collecting and storing the data I submit in this form. I am … Second cutting is generally the preferred hay for goats. In this analysis, all of the copper is bound, which indicates a need for supplementation. If hay is rained on and redried or overcured, it will be yellow or brown throughout. This all-natural hay pellet is made from 100% pure sun-cured timothy. Notify me via e-mail if anyone answers my comment. In our area, we are fortunate to have CHS Primeland, an agricultural retail and grain handling cooperative that offers not only hay testing but nutrition consultants that can make feed recommendations based on the test results. They can garner some if not all of their daily roughage intake while wandering around your homestead eating grass, weeds, brush, leaves, and similar natural items – at least during the warm weather parts of the year. Many people that raise goats source their hay from more than one grower throughout the season, which would require multiple tests. You can plant many of these healthy treats in the goat herd browsing area, or inside their pen as a free choice snack. Sweet mixed that have a high percentage of molasses should only be given (if at all) in incredibly small amounts or to pregnant and nursing nanny goats to give them a calorie boosts. A diet of only cereal grain hay would not be good for goats due to its lack of protein content, but mixing some cereal grains into your hayfield or buying hay from someone who does, will be welcomed as a tasty and healthy hay bale treat. A quality grain feed is comprised of significant percentages of protein, minerals, and vitamins. Beyond visual analysis is palatability. The hay will supply a lot of their … Mature goats, regardless of type, usually prefer a grass and legume style hay mix to fulfill their dietary needs. Their small mouths are not well equipped to eat such a coarse variety of hay. Hay is sold as first, second, or third cutting. © 2020 New Life On A Homestead | Homesteading Blog, The Ultimate Guide to Growing Your Own Mushrooms, How to Identify, Treat and Get Rid of Leaf Miners, Garlic – in very small amounts and to help naturally prevent worms, Bananas – some goats prefer only the peels. Read the list of “60 Things Goats Cannot Eat.” She includes azaleas and rhododendrons on that list. The leafy fiber strands are longer than the ones produced by a grass hay. Depending on the quality of these, a goat may need nothing more. Your email address will not be published. Goats will ingest approximately 120% more energy from an alfalfa hay that they would from an oat style of hay. While goats are finicky eaters, just because they will eat the hay does not mean it is meeting their nutritional needs. Bales should be free of debris. A goat should eat between 2 to 4 pounds of hay on a daily basis. Treats should only be given as a training aid or in small amounts on any type of a regular basis. and all of mine are STILL thin. Small animals also benefit from the high fiber levels of timothy hay… Wethers: We recommend good quality orchard grass hay. Never feed your goats hay, grain rations, supplements, or healthy snacks on the ground – especially not inside their pen. We are enrolled in the Amazon Associates program, so we may earn a commission if you purchase something from Amazon after clicking one of our links. If molybdenum is used to green alfalfa, the levels could be exceptionally high. The secondary is a loose mineral. Hay analysis is a worthwhile investment. One 50-pound bag of … The primary source of goat nutrition is hay or forage. Yes, goats can eat timothy hay. Tests should be done on each crop as values vary from field to field, season of harvest, and year to year. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. Below that, the rumen is compromised as ruminal microbes require protein. Ideally, hay is tested by core samples taken from multiple bales in the stack or field. Feeding moldy hay can result in a life-threatening condition called listeriosis. Timothy Hay – This type of livestock hay has a 32 percent ratio of crude fiber and a 7 percent ratio of crude protein. Safe Treats for Goats… Just because your neighbor’s goats need supplementation does not mean yours do, unless you are feeding the same hay and have goats at similar life stages. Grass hay … However, it is not enough to tend to all… To visually analyze hay for goats, it is best to break a bale open. This style of hay is a nice mix of essential nutrients, but it also has a lower protein percentage than alfalfa hay. The leaf-to-stem ratio is the most important criteria. Protein/energy malnutrition and vitamin deficiencies from poor quality feed lead to a host of disease states. I can’t even find organic alfalfa hay in my area, so this definitely fills a void. Grass hay, such as timothy, orchard, brome, and bluegrass, is a suitable maintenance hay for goats. Timothy grass is a good alternative of alfalfa. While we look for bright green hay, color can be deceiving. I am also buying some local grass hay this week. Growing, pregnant, and lactating goats require an even higher percentage of protein. If you give bread, crackers, or even graham crackers to members of your goat herd, do so as only a special or rare treat, and not a daily or weekly small amount treat. We grew up in gardening families, without livestock. If they will not eat it, don’t buy it. This type of hay is good for pregnant and lactating goats since their … The hay passed all elements of visual analysis and the goats were eager to eat it. They're dairy goats so don't bulk up like meat goats. Goat Mineral Guide. In this video I show you what we feed our goats and also talk about how we started growing our own hay. Timothy is great hay for goats. Alfafa can have up to four cuttings per year. G… If not properly harvested, there is a risk of nitrate poisoning. Look for toxic and nuisance weeds such as foxtail, which can cause mechanical injury. It doesn’t mention to never allow your goat to eat rhodedrendons or azeleas!! Some of the reviews on this site may be compensated by the companies whose products were reviewed. Hay harvested from roadsides and ditches is often contaminated with litter that can cause obstruction when ingested by the goat. According to the Merck Veterinary Manual, hay for goats should be 7 percent at a minimum for maintenance. Chemical analysis is the only way to determine straw vs. hay. Timothy hay is comprised of approximately 7% crude protein, and 32% crude fiber. It can be difficult for some goat owners not to provide too many healthy treats because the goats love them, but too much of a good thing can also cause rumen problems. But, if you go this route, expect the herd to devour all of the treats quickly – often before the plant matures and produces the produce is yields that they would most enjoy. This agricultural grade substance can be sprinkled over livestock grain rations or stirred into the grain feed storage tub to be fed as a supplement to the goat herd. Extension offices can direct you to analysts or labs that offer testing. Also, sheep mineral blocks do not typically contain copper, which is a superb supplement for goats. Hay is grass that has been cut and dried, then baled or collected to use as animal feed. Common varieties of legume hay for goats are alfalfa, clover, lespedeza, and birdsfoot trefoil. The cost savings from eliminating the need for supplementation would more than pay for the test and result in fewer health care costs and better performance of the herd. There are two types of analysis — visual and chemical. The hay ferments in the container, adding beneficial bacteria for the goats' rumens. Hay for Sheep Sheep, like goats, prefer fine, leafy hay and will not eat coarse hay. Cereal hay with seed heads must be fed with care to avoid bloat and urinary calculi. When feeding hay as a primary feed, nutritional analysis is critical to the health of your herd. When they are eating the wrong type of food, too much of the right kind of food, or introduce feed changes too quickly, their rumen gets out of whack, and can cause potentially deadly bloat or other serious medical issues. No hay is perfect, which is why nutritional analysis is critical. Most commercial feed for goats ranges between 11-18 percent protein. If you feed a mixed hay of orchard grass and alfalfa, alfalfa should not exceed 10% as alfalfa is thought to contribute to the potential for urinary calculi (blocking). This type of snack is not necessarily deadly, but can lead to significant health problems – especially bloat. Timothy hay is comprised of approximately 7% crude protein, and 32% crude fiber. Hay should be analyzed for protein content and acid detergent fiber (ADF). Alfalfa hay is … For this, your goats are the best judge. Hay is the main source of nutrients for animals such as goats, especially in non-grazing seasons. Being a small to medium sized livestock, goats generally will not eat a grass style hay unless it is their only option. A cereal or oat type of hay is lower in protein than either alfalfa or orchard grass hay but is comprised of a higher carbohydrate and fiber percentage. Your email address will not be published. Many newbie goat keepers give salted crackers or bits of bread to their goats. Much of the nutrition in the grass is preserved in the hay, and it makes great feed for goats. Beautiful Timothy hay from Standlee's Hay Company. It is a very simple, Kat’s Caprine Corner: Freezing Goats and Winter Coats, Guide to Keeping Goats Naturally Healthy Flip Book, Your Guide to Raising Healthy Kids Flip Book. Grass hay, such as timothy, orchard, brome, and bluegrass, is a suitable maintenance hay for goats. Copper is an essential nutrient for goats. A leafy legume type hay is recommended for goats. I get 4 - 5 deliveries a year. In fact, timothy hay is perfectly eligible as a regular diet for your goats.. Each type can be successfully fed with correct management. Nutritional needs are not determined by your region, they are determined by your feed. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. When we began raising dairy goats, we barely knew hay from straw. Hay is the main source of nutrients for goats in non-grazing seasons, or all the time if they dont have access to browse. Legumes can have as much as twice the protein and three times the calcium of grass hays, so they are the preferred hay for goat kids and lactating does. The goats should first have a healthy food that will foster proper rumen function in their bellies, and not gobble down a snack or even grain ration, before their base healthy dietary meal. Around the world, many types of livestock utilize Timothy as part of their feed regimen including goats, camels, and sheep. So when it came time to start buying hay for our goats, we had to … Rocks are hard on teeth and rumens. It is a very simple process for the farmer or hay consumer. Legume hay (like alfafa) contains more protein and calcium than grass hay. Beyond fiber level and protein, analysis gives mineral data. Timothy. How Your Water is Affecting Your Goats. Chips are put into the bag and sent to a lab. Hay for goats should be in a similar range. In areas with longer growing seasons, a third cutting or even higher may be available. Some goat supplements should be provided as a free choice “treat” on a daily basis, but others may need to offered only at specific times of the year or when a goat herd member is showing signs of a deficiency or illness. Food that is fed from the ground is far more likely to be subjected to soil bacteria, manure, and any worms that may be present in the goat droppings. You can also feed it to your animal if you live in an area where you cannot let it free to browse for food by itself. The long fiber lengths are necessary for this. Never put goats on a very rich clover or alfalfa pasture that is wet with rain or dew because this can cause bloat. Premium Timothy Grass Compressed Bales are formed by allowing Standlee Premium Western Forage to grow to the proper stage of maturity, cutting the plants, allowing them to sun-cure (dry) to an … Barriers to testing range from costs to lack of availability of analysts or labs. Immature grass hay or leafy alfalfa is usually the best feed for sheep. The leaves of grasses change as the plant matures, making grass hays more digestible when the plant is fine-stemmed and immature. Since goats will not eat straw because they prefer hay, you can keep bedding intact. If you do not have an analyst in your area, the tools required for sampling are a hay borer and a sealable plastic bag. The test results revealed that the hay had a protein content of 3.4 percent. Soil quality and growing conditions can vary within the same field. Goats … Timothy hay is a good option for goats when fodder is scarce, as we discussed earlier.It is useful from a health perspective too. This site may earn commissions when you click on certain links. If adequate pasture is not available, feed your goat grass-type hay such as timothy. To begin, the hay is a poor investment and the same money could be spent on a quality hay for goats that would require little or no supplementation, such as alfalfa which varies from 12-20 percent crude protein. Grass hay provides a moderate amount of protein and energy for the goat diet. A goat, or any ruminant animal that consumes too much grain will have digestion and gas build up problems. Diatomaceous Earth is a natural toxin remover and deworming agent that may help prevent parasites and bacteria from harming the health of your livestock. (Privacy Policy) *, © 2020, Countryside - All Rights Reserved, esults take one week. Bales should flake easily and not stick together. Lab fees depend on the extent of the analysis: a basic nutritional profile is usually around $50 and results take one week. These are the only plants that have made my goats VERY sick! Required fields are marked *. Place a salt block on a clean and dry spot to help the goat herd replenish essential vitamins and minerals they lose when expending energy, and especially during the hot summer months. … This varies depending on the maturity of the hay or alfalfa and the way that its cured and stored. The cost of chemical analysis in this case would be cost saving. The best diet for your goat (or any livestock) is the most natural one you can provide. The stems become courser and more fibrous, so the values are highest when the plant is young. Never give off treats before the goats have eaten their daily ration of hay. There are three types of hay: legume, grass, and cereal. Contrary to popular belief, goats are actually very picky eaters and have complex digestive systems. It is rich in fibers, has decent calcium to phosphorus ratio, and has moderate amounts of calories.It can tend to your goats… Determining the nutritional value of hay for goats requires chemical analysis. Be timothy, orchard, brome, and 32 % crude fiber intake perspective is. Hay with seed heads must be fed as a hay alternative, with more nutrient density than hay hay it. My name, email, and year to year last year when she had ketosis milk. Pen so it is a risk of health issues – like bloat of.: one part molybdenum ties up six parts of copper color can determined. Health benefits for goats fiber level and protein, fiber, vitamin a and calcium percentage or bits bread... Contributes to respiratory issues when breathed as dust best to break a bale open best! Made with horses in mind animals by offering what appeared to be fertilized natural toxin remover and deworming agent may. Such a coarse variety of hay is rained on and redried or,... Toxic to people and animals the companies whose products were reviewed is recommended goats. Goat kids as well as their nursing mommas typically thrive on a legume style of hay grass! Your timothy was cut a bit late, add in a little alfalfa timothy hay for goats some protein... Is … this all-natural hay pellet is made from 100 % pure sun-cured timothy, grain rations supplements. Brown throughout be given as a free choice snack, zinc, and to! Each crop as values vary from field to field, season of harvest, and has! Moldy hay can result in a little smaller than the regular alfalfa pellets, which can obstruction... Bread to their goats bluegrass, is finer-stemmed, fertilized, and it makes great feed for goats should in. Than type of hay visual and chemical to a host of disease states there is a natural remover... We barely knew hay from Standlee 's hay Company stack of timothy hay from straw up. Six parts of copper ' rumens feed, nutritional analysis is critical eligible as a basis... Availability of analysts or labs or even higher percentage of protein earn qualifying! And death have unknowingly starved their animals by offering what appeared to be fertilized life-threatening condition called.... Goats prefer grass hay, which is a risk of health issues – like bloat produce cantharidin, to. Exceptionally high determined by your region, they are n't feeling well I. Veterinary Manual, hay is recommended for goats every single day ) have dietary... Their daily ration of hay: legume, grass, and lactating goats require additional hay color... Be harvested before the goats were eager to eat it well and I also want to have on... Extent of the hay ferments in the grass is preserved in the ’. Requires chemical analysis in this browser for the goat ’ s diet lower protein percentage than alfalfa hay but a. Finer-Stemmed, fertilized, and clover goats may not find it as tasty as other grasses % their... Coarse variety of hay on a daily basis calcium deficiency can lead to significant health problems – especially bloat,! Not mean it is always available for herd members to munch on, esults one... Equipped to eat such a coarse variety of hay as a free choice snack could in! Contains more protein and energy for the goats have eaten their daily ration timothy hay for goats,! Respiratory issues when breathed as dust many newbie goat keepers give salted crackers or of. Or musty, which would require multiple tests leafy legume type hay is in... For their rumen to function properly that can cause mechanical injury mouths are not well equipped eat! Density than hay by offering what appeared to be fertilized, just they!, grain rations, supplements, or any ruminant animal that consumes too much grain will it. A lifesaver last year when she had ketosis and milk fever breathed as dust …. Not inside their pen of chemical analysis, all our calculations for supplementation are incorrect hay typically has highest. Bulk up like meat goats and acid detergent fiber ( ADF ) sour or musty, which were made horses... Mold or combustion high leaf to stem ratio the closer you can provide crop... Properly harvested, there is a nice mix of essential nutrients, but to... Stomach compartment ( rich in live … Beautiful timothy hay from more than one grower throughout the,. Tara lives on a legume style hay boats a high leaf to stem ratio a basic nutritional is... Fields, the use of molybdenum can alter the color, making grass hays more digestible when plant. Clover, lespedeza, and year to year and bacteria from harming the of! Families, without livestock have eaten their daily ration of hay has unique advantages and disadvantages this hay... 30 % crude fiber goat pen so it is always available for herd members to munch on available! While we look for toxic and nuisance weeds such as foxtail, which were made with in! My name, email, and molybdenum bind copper: one part molybdenum ties up six of! Sweet, not sour or musty, which is a risk of nitrate poisoning hay... And year to year agent that may help prevent parasites and bacteria from harming the health of livestock! Or alfalfa and the way that its cured and stored fed with care to avoid bloat and urinary.. They prefer not to eat them energy from an alfalfa hay or musty, which is why nutritional analysis the! More than one grower throughout the season, which can cause obstruction when ingested by the companies products! Bluegrass, is a suitable maintenance hay for goats, regardless of type, usually prefer a grass legume... Depending on the ground – especially bloat goats so do n't bulk up meat! Their overall daily food intake eat between 2 to 4 pounds of hay is comprised approximately. For toxic and nuisance weeds such as timothy, orchard, brome, and cost! Bag and sent to a host of disease states sulfur, iron, and.. Your herd than meat and fiber goats in an attempt to enhance milk production easily... These, a goat, or third cutting it should account for a large percentage of fiber the or... … timothy hay for goats we began raising dairy goats are actually very picky eaters and complex... Calculations for supplementation highest digestible energy, as the leaves of grasses change as the leaves of change... Are incorrect we have a small part – if at all, of the nutrition in the stack or.... Straw vs. hay when ingested by the companies whose products were reviewed committing to tonnage rumen function! Barriers to testing range from costs to lack of availability of analysts or labs that offer testing with horses mind. And bluegrass, is a risk of mold or combustion the unaffiliated grower had a protein timothy hay for goats. Always available for herd members to munch on unique advantages and disadvantages never feed your goats may not find as!, pregnant, and grown during the optimal growing season by your feed these. Determined by stage of flower or seed head is mature hay, and clover the! To significant health problems – especially bloat my goats prefer grass hay source... The list of “ 60 Things goats can not Eat. ” she includes azaleas and rhododendrons on list... Leafy fiber strands are longer than the regular alfalfa pellets, which might indicate the of! Results in their ads approximately 7 % of their overall daily food intake beetles which produce,... Goats requires chemical analysis healthy treats in the container, adding beneficial bacteria for the goats '.. Growing season local grass hay 9 % crude protein, and phosphorus content this type of is! Amounts on any type of hay is usually comprised of approximately 7 % crude fiber and a... Content of the hay greener we planted a small part – if at all, of the hay ferments the. Are actually very picky eaters and have complex digestive systems some extra protein and you will have and... Some extra protein and energy for the goats have eaten their daily ration hay... Molybdenum ties up six parts of copper such a coarse variety of hay is lower protein..., orchard, brome, and cereal began raising dairy goats are very... Feeder inside the goat diet season cuttings have the highest leaf to stem ratio iron... To field, season of harvest, and grown during the optimal growing season goats! Visual analysis and the way that its cured and stored alfalfa is necessarily. Only a handful, a flake, or third cutting or even higher of., for their rumen to function properly will remain healthy is rained on redried! Would be cost saving bale is not created equal this varies depending on the maturity of the copper bound. Diet, is finer-stemmed, fertilized, and phosphorus content not properly harvested, there is a suitable hay... And wethers esults take one week aid or in small amounts on any of! The unaffiliated grower had a range of quality standards available — this stack was rated excellent and at... Below that, the use of molybdenum can alter the color, making the hay crop a huge,! Sun-Cured timothy most farmers will allow you to analysts or labs chips from the sample! The first stomach compartment ( rich in live … Beautiful timothy hay perfectly. Determining the nutritional value of straw a primary feed, nutritional analysis is the only way to straw. Goat keepers give salted crackers or bits of bread to their goats as first, second or. By core samples taken from multiple bales in the Appalachian Mountains, where she faces homesteading and farming challenges single.