It is also called treadsalve. Canadian Fleabane . Horse Nettles, photo by Illinois Wildflowers. Kiltz (1930) showed that vertical taproots would grow to depths of 2.4 m and that horizontal roots were found in the upper 45 cm of soil. Flower bugs bites can be painful and very itchy, and are often slow to heal. The flowers are simple, alternate, oblong, and irregularly lobed. Fibrous hairs arise from a central taproot and from creeping rhizomes. Horse nettle is poisonous to horses in fresh or dried form, as it contains highly toxic alkaloids, the most meaningful being solanine. Origin: Southeastern North America. Horse nettle also produces a fruit that is about 1/2 inch in diameter; it is green with light green vertical bands until maturity, when it becomes yellow. They have been used in the treatment of epilepsy. What does horse nettle look like? (Horse-Nettle (Solanum carolinense) - 01a) The horse nettle leaves, which grow alternately from the stem, are elliptical or oval with broadly toothed edges. Iron is needed for the production of red blood cells and haemoglobin. Nettles for horses are rich in Iron and Vitamin C, and most horses will happily eat them out in the fields once they have been chopped down an allowed to wilt so they loose their sting. I felt good after a day and pain of arthritis is gone! Other Name. Nettles are native to Western North America, Northern Africa, Europe and Asia. Solanum carolinense, the Carolina horsenettle, is not a true nettle, but a member of the Solanaceae, or nightshade family. Nettle leaves must first be cooked or steamed to destroy the hairs on them, which contain a number of irritating chemicals. Synonym. Horsenettle flowers can be purple or white where Tropical Soda Apple has only white blossoms. However, when cut down and dried, that vicious sting is lost, and the plant be consumed by both human and horse. Charlie and Amber are no spring chickens, in terms of years, and they may also benefit from this effect to help keep them as mobile as they are. "Horsenettle" is also written "horse nettle" or "horse-nettle", though USDA publications usually use the one-word form. Flowers of horsenettle are borne in clusters. toxic than leaves, which are more toxic than stems and roots. What Horsenettle Looks Like. The Stinging Nettle. In foods, young stinging nettle leaves are eaten as a cooked vegetable. The caterpillars of the oak processionary moth are a real pest. Although most specimens of this species are less than 2 feet tall, some grow to 3 feet. Carolina horse nettle can be toxic to livestock. Medicinal use of Horse Nettle: The berries and the root are anodyne, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac and diuretic. In manufacturing, stinging nettle extract is used as an ingredient in hair and skin products. However, bracken fern is unique among the toxic plants in that some horses seem to develop a taste for it and will seek it out even when other forages are available. Canada Thistle is a pesky weed for Ohio farmers. Horse Nettle is a good plant just to look at but not to touch. Flowers and Fruit. Carolina Horse Nettle is weak-stemmed and can be sprawling, or erect to about 3 feed tall. Leaves alternate (1 per node), elliptic in outline but shallowly to deeply lobed with 2 to 5 rounded or sharp-pointed lobes on each side, finely hairy on both surfaces with star-shaped hairs plus several, long, hard spines, at least on the underside along the midrib and main veins. The 5 petals tend to be united. I gave some to my pet dog and ate it! The Tropical Soda Apple has larger leaves and long thorns and is more shrubby. Horses have been reported to lean away from the affected side, repeatedly throw themselves to the ground, or collapse. Caterpillar hairs. All branches and stems are sharp, hard and have 5 mm long spikes. Western horse nettle leaves are oval, have five to seven lobes and reach up to 6 inches long. Leaves also emit a potato odor when crushed, and con-tain prominent prickles on the midvein and petiole (2). Horse nettle. The leaves are a good source of calcium and potassium and well as protein. Horse nettle, which also goes by the formal name of Solanum carolinense, is a perennial weed that grows in tall, vertical stalks that can reach up to 4 feet tall. I boil some leaves and drink as a tea, ate the boiled leaves. They have been recommended in the treatment of asthma, bronchitis and other convulsive disorders. Some horses do have a nettles allergy that causes problems within the gastrointestinal tract. Native people once pulverized the young tops and leaves and ate them raw (similar to using an onion). Horse Nettle, Carolina horsenettle: Family: Solanaceae: USDA hardiness: 3-7: Known Hazards: All parts of the plant are potentially poisonous[222]. Historically Nettles have been used to help support a healthy blood supply and circulation. Habitats: Dry fields and waste ground, usually in sandy soils[4, 222, 235]. Weed Seed: Solanum carolinense (Horse nettle) Family. The stalk and leaves of the weed are covered with tiny thorns, and each stalk produces a white-colored, star-shaped flower in the spring. It helps digest nutrients more effectively and is used to balance the digestive disorder. It is a perennial herbaceous plant, native to the southeastern United States that has spread widely throughout much of temperate North America. Pasture Weed Fact Sheet W 264 . Solanaceae. Solanine is a glycoalkaloid that affects the horse's central nervous system and gastrointestinal tract. Range: South-eastern N. America - New England to Florida, west to Texas and South Dakota. The plant has an extensive root system with taproots and creeping, horizontal roots. Horse owners need to be aware that red maple leaves are rated as highly toxic to horses, ingestion of as little as 3 pounds can be a lethal dose. A plant so common that it is found on nearly every piece of waste ground, yet a nettle supplement for horses can be really helpful, as it has been for humans since anglo saxon times. It has also been found in parts of Europe, Asia, and Australia. Primary Noxious, Class 2 in the Canadian Weed Seeds Order, 2016 under the Seeds Act.. Distribution. 2016 Footnote 1). The leaves on the Horsenettle alternate one another and have 2 to 5 shallow to deep lobed or sharp-points on each side of the leaf. The leaves are alternate, 2.75 to 4.75 inches long and approximately 1 to 3 inches wide with lobed margins. Inflorescences: Racemes or 2-3 raceme-like clusters, terminal. The relative toxicity of individual leaves is low—horses must consume hundreds of pounds to experience ill effects. Leaves: Alternate, egg-shaped to elliptic-lanceolate, 2.4 to 6 inches long, 2 to 4 inches wide, surfaces covered with tiny star-shaped hairs; margins irregularly wavy; stalks short, stout. The young seedlings are also edible. The leaves are the same with the stinging nettle, only that they don’t have the thing that stung. Horsenettle, Solanum Carolinense, is similar looking to the Tropical Soda Apple but is a smaller plant. As if playing “King of The Mountain” the vine and flower of the Morning Glory take advantage of an accommodating Moth Mullein. Common Name. drooping flowers grow in a raceme. Both surfaces are hairy, while the leaf midrib and petiole have sharp prickles. The upper leaf surfaces are deep green, while the lower surfaces are lighter green. Horsenettle – Identification. Western horse nettle is a weedy perennial in the Nightshade family. Horses generally won't eat this plant unless they have nothing else to eat. Chiron Horse has moderate arthritis around T14/15 and nettle helps to rid the body of uric acid that is associated with that inflammation – it also benefits those humans with gout. Nettles (Urtica dioica) accumulate large quantities of nitrogen, calcium, silica, iron, phosphates and vitamins B, C & K. Leaves are elliptic-oblong to oval, alternate, petioled, 2.5-4.5 inches long and covered on both surfaces with hairs. Ball nettle. They are pubescent on the upper surface and have sessile stellate (star-shaped) hairs on the lower surface. Description Top of page S. carolinense is a perennial broadleaf weed that is 30 to 120 cm tall, erect and loosely branched. Horses don’t usually eat stinging nettle, but if they lie down or roll on the plant, glassy hairs from the plant’s leaves and stems cause a skin reaction characterized by wheals or hives and an intensely painful stinging sensation that may last 24 hours or more. Leaves. Artichoke leaves enhance the horses body cell regeneration as well as liver and kidney function. When touched, the plant injects a compound derived from formic acid into the hapless unfortunate that got a nettle or two in their skin. It also increases the gastric mucous membranes of the gastrointestinal tract mucus […] Bentonite Clay 1kg £ 12.95. Horse-nettle Scouting and Prevention: Horsenettle has an erect stem that stands about 60 to 100 cm tall with a few branches that are covered with tiny hairs at the top of the plant. Q: This weed grows in a semi-shaded, wooded area in my backyard, reaching 12 inches or more in height. The toxicity may depend upon the maturity of the plants, because more toxins are present in the fruits than in the leaves. Though there are other horsenettle nightshades, S. carolinense is the species most commonly called "the horsenettle". Tox-icity is usually higher in late summer to fall than in the spring. The white horsenettle is one of several dozen species of so-called "stinging nettles"; the plants themselves have thin, hair-like thorns along their leaves and stalks. Horsenettle – Identification. Both the stem and underside of the leaves have thorns or nettles. Fatalities have been reported with children[222]. The leaves are best dried and stored for later use to help flavour meals (flavour is similar to tarragon). Flowers bloom in late-spring to early summer, forming yellow berries containing seeds that shrivel in the fall. Several 3/4 inch (2 cm.) Horse nettle, Carolina horse nettle, bull nettle Botanic Name Solanum carolinense Plant Family ... Leaves are simple, alternate, oblong, and irregularly lobed. The flowers of the horse nettle are usually white, but may also be blue or lavender. The root system forms a rather shallow mat off the main tap root. Flower bugs are common insects that feed on aphids and mites. Canadian: Occurs in ON and QC (Brouillet et al. The flowers are pale violet to white in color, clustered near the top of the plant. Poisonous: Yes. Reply. Amazing! The leaves, petioles (leaf stems) and branched stems of western horsenettle carry sharp spines. Identification A perennial from rhizomes with conspicuous spines on leaves and stems reaching 3 feet in height. Regulation. Horsenettle is distributed widely across most of the United States, especially in the eastern half and the western coastal states. Horse Nettle (also called Bull Nettle, Carolina Horsenettle - all parts) Horse Chestnut (also called Buckeye, Ohio Buckeye - buds, nuts, leaves, bark, seedlings, honey) Horsebrush (foliage) The stem and undersides of larger leaf veins are covered with spines. top. Nettles, also called common nettle, stinging nettle, nettle leaf and urtica dioica, are a part of the Urticaceae family and are a herbaceous perennial, flowering plant. A … Other common names include radical weed, sand brier or briar, bull nettle, tread-softly, Solanum mammosum ("apple of Sodom"), devil's tomato and wild tomato. The leaves are usually shallowly lobed and up to about 5 inches long. Omega Nettle Leaves A natural herb for supporting the health of urinary, cardiovascular and circulatory systems Nettles have a bad reputation for being nothing more than a pesky, stinging weed. You can identify the common flower bug by its tiny oval body, reflective wings and orange-brown legs. 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