Confucianism was started by Kung Fuzi (We know him as Confucius, but his name actually meant "Kung the philosopher"). Was Lao Tzu or Laozi author of Daodejing. Confucius believed that well organized society need to have younger ones respect the elders and their parents. Like Confucianism, stresses pacifism and sees war as waste and failure idea of humility relates to idea of hospitality and concern for others over self-concern in virtue of Chun Tzu. Confucian duality: the positive, active, masculine, heavenly component of the universe, characterized by light and strength; complements yin. Daoism, sometimes spelled Taoism, comes from Ancient China and the writings of philosophers like Laozi, who lived during the 5th or 4th century BCE. Traditionally attributed to Laozi (6th century BC). Not selfish or narcissistic, man of knowledge, well-rounded, not narrow-minded, willing to listen to opinions of others. There are five basic relationships essential for a stable society: parent/ child, older/younger siblings, husband/wife, older/younger friend, and ruler and subject. Legalism would be the fastest and most effective system to restore stability to a nation. Taoism (a.k.a., Daoism) focuses on living harmoniously; this is where the concept of yin and yang originates. The statement below refers to which of the THREE philosophies: ethics and morality were key principles. Similarities between Confucianism and Taoism. The communist government does not recognize Confucianism as a religion. Ren is the most important virtue extolled by Confucianism. at a time of war and social chaos (Chou Dynasty-6th c. BCE) Originating from the inherited essences at conception, it is the root of life, the template for human growth, maturation, and development. A spirit that lives in a family's kitchen and makes an annual report to the Jade Emperor about the family's virtues and failings. The central theme of the Dao de jing is that one can live most happily by harmonizing one's self with the universe and with the challenges of life in general by being receptive to the beauty and direction of nature, and by being quiet. Confucianism was adopted by the state during the Han dynasty (205 BC-220 AD). ("The Way and its Power"). When you look at these three systems, Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism, one of them stands out the most. They all had a different way ofteaching but all ofthem wanted to end the conflicts in China. The earthly expressions of the natural cosmic order. What is Confucianism? Despite the fact that Confucianism encourages loyalty of leaders and superiors, i… direct translation "way," "path," or "route," it is used philosophically to signify the or true nature of the world. Although there is no official data on the actual number of followers of Daoism and Confucianism in China during the past 2000 years, they dominate the religious life of nearly a quarter of the world’s population. Click here to study/print these flashcards. Start studying Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism. Create your own flash cards! View Notes - Quiz Daoism&Confucianism 7 from RELIGION 110 at Wake Tech. Some forms of Daoism advocate withdrawal from the hectic activity of everyday life for a life of contemplation and seeking harmony. Daoism - Daoism - Daoism and other religions: Confucianism is concerned with human society and the social responsibilities of its members; Daoism emphasizes nature and what is natural and spontaneous in the human experience. Confucianism and Daoism are both Chinese philosophies of living. Although Judaism and Confucianism appear to be on different realms of the religious spectrum, they have similar traditions deriving from dissimilar roots. These flashcards will provide you with the information you need. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Confucianism,Daoism,and Legalism were 3 philosophies. Confucianism: Idea of living life in balance and harmony (doctrine of mean) only in Daoism idea stressed is more harmony with nature rather than other humans. mastery of the six arts - ritual, music, archery, charioteering, calligraphy, and arithmetic - and familiarity with history and poetry enabled him to begin a brilliant teaching career. Cards Return to Set Details. Divination, present in nature and human world life as active energy, many natural occurrences caused by them, please them to restore harmony, envisioned both as an impersonal divine force that controls the events on earth and as a cosmic moral principle that determines right and wrong, at death, ancestors became spirits and are treated as such, learn to work with patterns in nature that represent the alterations of yin and yang, the expression of opposite but complementary principles, i.e. Stored in the heart. The eternally real, unnameable, and mystical reality that cannot be completely grasped by the mind. The 4 classics books of Confucian literature. Confucian duality: the negative, passive, feminine, earthly component of the universe, characterized by darkness and weakness; complements yang. Includes breathing techniques, acupuncture, diets, visualization, etc. The origin of the English word ‘Confucianism’ can be traced back to the Jesuits of the sixteenth century. Dao, Wu-wei, simplicity, gentleness, relativity, longevity, True nature of the world. A follower of Confucius who argued that humans are self-centered by nature and that Heaven operates according to natural laws rather than intervening on the side of good government. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. a component of traditional Chinese medicine that combines movement, meditation, and regulation of breathing to enhance the flow of qi, improve blood circulation, and enhance immune function. To live in harmony with the Dao one should experience the transcendent unity of all that is and cease to feel any personal preferences. Meanwhile, Judaism’s emphasis on God’s word as being the ultimate path for… (1)The analects (2) the great learning (3)the doctrine of the mean (4) the Mencius. Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. Mutually dependent with Qi. Compared to Confucianism and Daoism, it would be very different and much stronger. author of Zhuangzi, butterfly dream, is reality what we think it is? Confucianism believes in setting good examples for others to follow, primarily in 5 key relationships: ruler and subject, wife and husband, older and younger sibling, friend and friend, and father and son. Created. December 7, 2017, Victoria Jones, Leave a comment. Sign up here. Additional Religious Studies Flashcards . In the broadest sense, a Daoist attitude toward life can be seen in the accepting and yielding, an attitude that offsets and complements the moral and duty-conscious character ascribed to Confucianism. Recently, the communist government has re-instated some of these exams. An important aspect of Daoism in which secret spiritual practices are passed from master to student resulting in self-cultivation, longevity, and perhaps even immortality. Level. In general, it can be said that Confucianism is primarily a form of social morality and influenced both China and Japan, but is not a spiritual tradition. Confucianism, Buddhism, Daoism, Christianity & Chinese Culture ix It is particularly fitting then that his work should be published as part of the Council for Research in Values and Philosophy series: They all had a different way of teaching but all of them wanted to end the conflicts in China. Confucius believed that well organized society need … Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism were 3 philosophies. Harmony, Focus on this World, Societal Links, 6 basic Elements of Indigenous Chinese Beliefs, 1. The system of ethics, education, and statesmanship taught by Kong fuzi and his disciples based on ancient Chinese beliefs in the Mandate of Heaven, ancestor worship, spirits, and the power of ritual. good/bad, looks like two intertwined commas, one half light/yang other dark/yin, a small dot representing that everything contains its opposite and will eventually become it, a system of methods for knowing more about the future. The significance of family in Confucianism is strongly upheld by the filial piety rooted within all of the traditions and beliefs. Each had a different approach, but they all aimed to end conflict in China. author of 2 story butterfly and monkey. "no action" "no strain" minimal action, resist your tendencies to want to control and impose yourself, encouragement to eliminate anything unnecessary and artificial to appreciate the apparently ordinary, hate weapons and war, wise person loves peace and restraint and "does not regard weapons and lovely things", opposites, (good/bad, hot/cold), complimentary (you need one to have the other), relativity of opinion, limitation of perspective, Daoism (religion of nature) emphasizes education spontaneity, harmony, and individualism, first Heavenly Master, started the hereditary masters, most influential, blend of practices (Daoist, Buddhist, Confucianist), White Cloud Temple, rules in Chinese philosophy that govern spatial arrangement and orientation in relation to patterns of yin and yang and the flow of qi. Tian,3. ", propriety, doing what is proper, control of ones own desires, self control, putting good behavior (ren) into practice, reciprocity, do not unto others as you would not wish done to yourself, silver rule, actions considered form the other person's point of view, filial piety, devotion to parents, valuing entire family including future family, culture, one is expected to not only have knowledge of the arts but have amateur skill and appreciation for art, philosophy, system of ethics and governing, vision of society and the individual 300 BCE-300 CE, 100 CE around arrival of Buddhism, religious characteristics, temples, statues, ceremonies, 1000 CE rise of Neo-Confucianism scholarly system of metaphysics, Clarified texts and codified elements of Confucian thought, tried to provide a metaphysical view of all reality, stressed philosophy, Zhu Xi, greatest exponent of Neo-Confucianism, gave it mature and complete philosophy, celebrates spring and ancestors, burn silver and gold money, offering on tombs, candles and incense, picnic, Believed truth could be discovered through intuition, The 5 classics books of Confucian literature. The key moral principle of Confucianism, extending to the worship of ancestors. To assure a favorable report the Kitchen God must be given something sweet or intoxicating at the end of the New Year's festival. Start studying Daoism and Confucianism. 4. Daoism might have similarities with Hinduism because A. both seem to cover a wide variety of beliefs and practices B.both had dynamic historical founders. The Daoist principle of actionless action. Confucianism is a misnomer for the tradition that is normally referred as ru jia or simply as ru in china. In the 5th century BCE, China was thrown into a period of intense warfare among rival states. 1st of 2 major Daoist texts. Confucianism is involved with human society and the societal responsibilities of its members. Rites honoring ancestors and deities. to activate the "three treasures" of qi, jing, and shen. It is fixed at birth, and is stored in the kidneys. Confucianism and Daoism Confucian and Daoist views were important for the shaping and development of mankind in the past. It discourages the individualism as it teaches on the benefits of staying together as one community. Undergraduate 1. Generally speaking, whereas Daoism embraces nature and what is natural and spontaneous in human experience, even to the point of dismissing much of China’s advanced culture, learning, and morality, Confucianism regards human social institutions—including the family, the school, the community, and the state—as essential to human flourishing and moral excellence, because they … Yin - Yang, 6. His instructions on music no longer exist. Confucianism and Daoism. ASU Kefeli; Daoism, Confucianism, and Shinto (Rel 100) Total Cards. Daoist Trinity refers to three supreme Gods respected by Daoism, including Celestial Worthy of Primordial Beginning, Celestial Worthy of Numinous Treasure and Celestial Worthy of the Tao and its Power. venerations of ancestors, 4. seeing patterns in nature, 5. Taoism and Shinto are both spiritual traditions, from China and Japan respectively, that arose from shamanistic roots and developed in different directions. The teachings of Daoism encourages on how one can survive well if only he or she associates well with the laws of nature. The Tai Chi ("Supreme Open Fist"). While, Confucianism is the ideology put forth by the Chinese thinker, Confucius, Taoism refers to a number of philosophical and traditional concepts. Daoism and Confucianism study guide by vanesssajimenez includes 34 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. In Confucianism everyone had a rule that they had to follow. Taoists belief in gods/goddesses & the Daoist Trinity. Confucianism: those focus on moral, the central idea is "成仁,取義", simple said you should comply the merciful and justice even sacrifice you life, wealth also including your family, that is no concern the law restrict you is your moral guide you, sometime this goal too high and too tough to comply, eventually Chines prefer to embrace Daoism. (1)The book of history (2)the book of poetry (3)the book of changes (4)the book of rites (5)the spring and autumn annals. ...Confucianism vs. Daoism Confucianism and Daoism, although are intermingled among people who practice them, have very different views on what is necessary to become an exemplary person. This philosophy, which some consider a religion, teaches how to live in harmony with the world. Daoism (religion of nature) emphasizes education spontaneity, harmony, and individualism Confucianism emphasizes on journey, social good, obedience, and rigid. Spirits, 2. stressed the importance of meditation and dedication to becoming a noble person; encouraged women to offer themselves in total sacrifice to others, advocated greater emphasis on offerings and blamed Buddhism and Daoism for Chinese moral and political weakness. Daoist martial art, discipline, and health exercise consisting of a series of dance-like postures that look like swimming in the air. Play this game to review Ancient History. The two traditions, “within society” and “beyond society,” balance and complement each other. (Mencius) A follower of Confucius who stressed the goodness of human nature, and the virtue of yi (righteous conduct). Confucianism and Taoism 1. The conflict created a need for new political models to solve the crisis. Confucianism, Buddhism, Daoism, Christianity & Chinese Culture 9. so judgment is able to act as a bridge between reason and rationality. Taoism and Confucianism are two major theories or rather philosophical systems which emerged in China, and later influenced many countries of East Asia. Daoism and Confucianism Question 1 6.65 out of 6.65 points Correct The creative rhythm of the universe is In Confucianismeveryone had a rule that they had to follow. Confucianism is based on the thought that education, history, structure, rules and regulation will lead to achievement and becoming fully human. 11/07/2011. Study Define the Following Daoism and Confucianism Key Terms Flashcards Flashcards at ProProfs - Can you define the following Daoism and Confucianism key terms? Social stratification, bronze casting, social and Confucius's an ancient Chinese teacher, philosopher, and political theorist. These relationships involve mutual obligations and responsibilities, with the first party in each of these relationships considered superior to the second. Master Kong (6th century BC), instructed students in the Six Classics of China's cultural heritage, the Yijing, poetry, history, rituals, music, and dance. However, unlike Buddhism, Daoism and Confucianism have not become world religions. a collection of Daoist books about 5000 words. They had both similarities and differences in the way they shaped out self-knowledge and self-cultivation. Daoism, indigenous religio-philosophical tradition that has shaped Chinese life for more than 2,000 years. Subject. a scholarly label applied to a wide array of beliefs and practices which range from a philosophical tradition to longevity practices. Even without the assistance of the fellow human beings, Daoism insists that anyone can survive in the society. 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