Learn more. ... Concepts of the Self: Western and Eastern Perspectives. CONCEPTS OF SELF WESTERN CONCEPT OF SELF “A bounded, unique, more or less integrated motivational and cognitive universe, a dynamic center of awareness, emotion, judgment, and action organized into a distinctive whole and set contrastively both against other such wholes and against its social and natural background” FOUR CATEGORIES ON HOW THE “SELF” IS … Summary: Western philosophy is mainly used in the Western parts of the world, such as in the European countries, while the Eastern philosophy is prevalent in Asian countries. In western view, there is a fixed boundary between self and the other. Write. Doctoral student in the counseling psychology program. Sigmund Freud, for example, introduced the structural model of the psychic apparatus, part of which is the ego, which, however, does not completely cover the concept of self. ... What emerges is a rich indigenous concept of self that simply would be missed if we followed the traditional Western psychological approach employed in the study of self. The physical self is still part of her self-concept, but in the reverse way that it is for Louisa: Jean's physical self is out of shape and overweight. To jump in, let's define what we mean by subjectivity, or subject. Western philosophy deals with Individualism while Eastern Philosophy is related to Collectivism. In K. Yardley & T. Honess (Eds. Learn more. Created by. Preparing to Counsel Clients of Different Religious Backgrounds: A Phenomenological Approach. The self-concept is a knowledge representation that contains knowledge about us, including our beliefs about our personality traits, physical characteristics, abilities, values, goals, and roles, as well as the knowledge that we exist as individuals. 5 Cultural Differences between East and West 1. Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. Richard C. Page: is an associate professor in the Department of Counseling and Human Development Services at the University of Georgia, Athens. Western Concepts of self-It is defined as a bounded, unique, more or less integrated motivational and cognitive universe.Four (4) aspects of Western Concept of self Western Self as Analytic- This explained as the “ tendency to see reality as an aggregate of parts.” Analytic is based on the idea that philosophical problems can be solved through an analysis of their terms, and pure, … Richard C. Page: is an associate professor in the Department of Counseling and Human Development Services at the University of Georgia, Athens. The main difference between eastern and western ethics is the fact that Western Ethics is about finding truth, whereas Eastern Ethics are very much about the protocol, and showing of University of Western Sydney, Macarthur Introduction The self-concept construct is one of the oldest in psychology and ... undimensional perspective of self-concept or, apparently, even a unidimensional perspective of academic self-concept. The Buddha taught a doctrine called anatta, which is often defined as "no-self," or the teaching that the sense of being a permanent, autonomous self is an illusion. THE WESTERN AND EASTERN. … Philosophers eastern and western have wrestled with the concept of self for many centuries. Since James introduced the concept of “self” into psychology in 1890, the “self” has been an important topic in the field. Eastern and Western concepts of the self are diametrically opposite. 2. In summary, there is clear support for a multidimensional model of self-concept, but apparently little or no support for The social self Eastern and Western concepts of the self are diametrically opposite. Exploratory Findings on Novice Group Counselors’ Initial Co-facilitating Experiences in In-Class Support Groups With Adjunct Online Support Groups. and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. Baumeister (1999) provides the following self-concept definition: "The individual's belief about himself or herself, including the person's attributes and who and what the self is". To some extent Western formulations of the self evidence a homunculus-like quality lacking in some Eastern conceptions, especially those derived from the Vijnanavada and Zen Buddhist traditions. Enter your email address below and we will send you your username, If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username, By continuing to browse this site, you agree to its use of cookies as described in our, I have read and accept the Wiley Online Library Terms and Conditions of Use. qualitatively from Western perspectives. Viewed from this vantage point, the self is our “inner being”. Learn about our remote access options, Associate professor in the Department of Counseling and Human Development Services. The self-concept is a general term used to refer to how someone thinks about, evaluates or perceives themselves. Richard C. Page: is an associate professor in the Department of Counseling and Human Development Services at the University of Georgia, Athens. The aim of this book is to discuss the notions of self-concept, self-esteem, and related terms from an educational and psychological perspective. For Socrates, the goal of philosophy was to "know thyself".Lao Tzu, in his Tao Te Ching, says "Knowing others is wisdom.. Knowing the self is enlightenm What is the self? Main article: Self-knowledge (psychology) Both Western and Eastern civilizations have been occupied with self-knowledge and underscored its importance particularly citing the paradoxical combination of immediate availability and profound obscurity involved in its pursuit. According to Carl Rogers, self-concept has three components: self-image, self-esteem, and the ideal self. Seeing, hearing, feeling, and even the searching for the Self are all done by the Self, and so in everyday perception, the Self or Brahman that is in all existence cannot be directly perceived. In Western society, the individual rules. Test. ), Self and … It shows that Western cultures tend to emphasize certain ways of being independent (e.g., being different from others, self-directed, and self-expressive), but not others (e.g., being self-interested, self-reliant, and consistent across contexts). Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. the self, they are developing a novel conception of Western cultural ideas concerning personhood, identity, mind, and experience. The western view of the ‘enduring self’ refers to the notion that “you are the same person you were earlier in your life. Working off-campus? The Effect of Four Years of Participation in a Tibetan Buddhist Retreat on Perceptions of Physiological and Psychological Well‐Being. These concepts are a running thread through many eastern and western cultural differences. Perspectives on the Self. Here are five cultural differences in thinking and perception between the East and West. Learn. Theoretically, the concepts of complexity and clarity are independent of each other—a person could have either a more or less complex self-concept that is either well defined and consistent, or ill defined and inconsistent. Studies have shown that people living in western and eastern culture see self in distinct ways. If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, Please check your email for instructions on resetting your password. Unlimited viewing of the article/chapter PDF and any associated supplements and figures. Richard C. Page. The concept of self in Confucianism is a topic that is relatively undeveloped. I, me, and mine—how products become consumers' extended selves. Viewed from this vantage point, the self is our “inner being”. Unlimited viewing of the article PDF and any associated supplements and figures. Gravity. ; Self-concept is active, dynamic, and malleable. If you have previously obtained access with your personal account, please log in. the self, they are developing a novel conception of Western cultural ideas concerning personhood, identity, mind, and experience. • Eastern culture believes that one’s future is determined by one’s deeds today. ... Paranjpe, A. C. (1986). concepts, such as: self-consciousness, consciousness, self, personal identity and other. In fact, human beings are essentially the same the world over, only the details and customs differ, and the philosophies of eastern and western thinkers make this quite clear. According to a study that ... Hamm, B. et al. James divided a person's mental picture of the self into two categories: the “Me” as a separate object or individual a person refers to when describing their personal experiences, and the “I” a… The concept of self in Confucianism is a topic that is relatively undeveloped. Both philosophies center on virtues. The concept of self has been studied from multiple perspectives in India. Co-Essence Model of Vocational Assessment for Racial/Ethnic Minorities (CEMVA-REM): An Existential Approach. Self-concept is an individual's knowledge of who he or she is. Richard C. Page. In contrast, in Eastern thought, the emphasis is relational rather than individualistic. Daniel N. Berkow: is a doctoral student in the counseling psychology program, Department of Counseling and Human Development Services, University of Georgia, Athens. Collectivism – individuals are part of a group and the needs of the group come before the individual. Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development. Search for more papers by this author. Enter your email address below and we will send you your username, If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username, By continuing to browse this site, you agree to its use of cookies as described in our, I have read and accept the Wiley Online Library Terms and Conditions of Use, https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2161-1912.1991.tb00625.x. To be aware of oneself is to have a concept of oneself. In some cases, it is argued that various non-Western cultures harbor selves characterized by these terms; in other cases, it is said Towards a “Meta-Ethic” Derived from Evolutionary Lineages, Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2161-1912.1991.tb00625.x. Page, Richard … View the article PDF and any associated supplements and figures for a period of 48 hours. The self and the other are two different entities which have clearly defined boundaries. In the literature, there are many correlated concepts, such as: self-consciousness, consciousness, self, personal identity and other. Match. Ethics is a branch of philosophy, also known as moral philosophy. With so much to cover, today's lesson will definitely be a bit of a shallow dive into a very deep pool. The Concept of ‘The Self’ in Western and Eastern Traditions. The Self in Western and Oriental/Eastern Thought. Sapphires‐in‐Transition: Enhancing Personal Development Among Black Female Adolescents. A compilation of readings and activities Part V: Western/Eastern Thought THE SELF IN WESTERN AND EASTERN THOUGHT Introduction In the past 30 years, the study of cross-cultural difference across various behaviors and personality traits have gained interest, numerous researches had been conducted to … Concepts of the Self: Western and Eastern Perspectives. Abstract. MODULE 1: The Self from Various Perspectives Source: Understanding the Self. Whether this is because of difficulties in approach, complexity of the issue itself, or because of the still existing gap between western and eastern philosophical thinking; it seem to us … PLAY. Before diving into our lesson on Maurice Merleau-Ponty and his ideas on self as an embodied subjectivity, we're going to need to explain what we mean by 'subjectivity.' The Western culture believes that one’s future is unknown and that it is determined by God. The full text of this article hosted at iucr.org is unavailable due to technical difficulties. chencam000. Western culture Eastern culture Alternative perspective- Eastern William James was American culture such as Japan- eastern philosopher- western culture culture and social thought. STUDY. We're also going to need to understand rationalism and empiricism. OVERVIEW This chapter outlines the Western and Eastern concepts of self and how they differ and agree on certain perspective. Presents cross-cultural comparison of the Buddhist perspective with the Western perspective to reveal culturally based assumptions about the nature of the self. Since the 'discovery' of eastern philosophy by western explorers and scholars in the 18th and 19th centuries CE, there has been an arbitrary division maintained, especially in colleges and universities, between 'western philosophy' and 'eastern philosophy' as though these two systems present radically different views of the world. Sigmund Freud, for example, introduced the structural model of the psychic apparatus, part of which is the ego, which, however, does not completely cover the concept of self. It can be influenced by social situations and even one's own motivation for seeking self-knowledge. The Western thoughts tend to view the self as autonomous, unitary, and stable. Part of what is developing in children as they grow is the fundamental cognitive part of the self, known as the self-concept. The concept of the self in Western psychology derives primarily from the work of Freud, Jung, and Rogers. Researchers Kanagawa and Heine have studied participants … 1 The Self From Various Perspectives. The self is a complex and core subject in many forms of spirituality.In Western psychology, the concept of self comes from Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, and Carl Rogers where the self is the inner critic.. David Hume, from a philosophical Associate professor in the Department of Counseling and Human Development Services. This paper focuses on the self and related concepts as a Sufi phrase and is a comparative analysis between Islam tradition and Western psychology. The concept of self is somehow linked to our culture. [17] Therefore, the self-concept is the idea of who I am, kind of like a self-reflection of one’s well being. Key Concepts: ... plays a very significant role in the development of the self-concept; embodies specific values, thoughts, or ideas that play a central role in determining a person's sense of "self" ... Ch. The self beyond cognition, action, pain, and pleasure: An eastern perspective. Associate professor in the Department of Counseling and Human Development Services. • Eastern culture believes that a human being is an integral part of the society as … Flashcards. Suggests that alternative definitions of the self from outside of Western culture may assist in the ongoing development of future models of the person within Western psychology. Specifically, this book is concerned with developing a model of self-concept -- and corollaries to this model -- that assesses the dimensionality of self-concept, reviews tests of self-concept, discusses the relationship between self- concept and other variables … Now, because the soul or the self is the essence of the human person, and because it constitutes our personality, Socrates urges us to take care of our soul. Some Eastern philosophies reject the self as a delusion. Both Western and Eastern civilizations have been occupied with self-knowledge and underscored its importance particularly citing the paradoxical combination of immediate availability and profound obscurity involved in its pursuit. The Individual. It helps humans deal with human morality and concepts such as good and evil, right and wrong, virtue and vice, justice and crime. and social thought.Focused on individual self Focused on collectivisticconcept e.g., interpersonal self-concept e.g., competition, individual intragroup cooperation, achievement, interdependence, and … Eastern and western thinkers alike believe that human beings are essentially the same all over the world, only the details and customs differ. If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, These concepts are a running thread through many eastern and western cultural differences. Learn about our remote access options, Associate professor in the Department of Counseling and Human Development Services. In fact, Socrates said that when we turn inward in search for self-knowledge, we would eventually discover our true self. ... Internationalizing counselling: A Southeast Asian perspective, Counselling Psychology Quarterly, 10.1080/09515070.2011.558253, 24, 1, (29-41), (2011). The full text of this article hosted at iucr.org is unavailable due to technical difficulties. Whereas “identity” is sameness, [2] ... Self-concept is a concept or belief that an individual has of him or herself as an emotional, spiritual, and social being. Spell. * We buy products to highlight/hide aspects of the self. and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. One of the main points of Hindu religious practice Eastern and Western concepts of the self are diametrically opposite. Perspectives on the Self * We buy products to highlight/hide aspects of the self * Eastern cultures focus on: * The collective self (person’s identity comes from group) * The interdependent self (person’s identity defined from relationships with others) * Western cultures focus on: * Individuality * Individual appearance Self-Concept 2004), the following are the summary of … Please check your email for instructions on resetting your password. Nisbett points out that Western philosophers emphasised freedom and independence, whereas Eastern traditions like Taoism tended to focus on concepts of unity. Even those who are not philosophers or religious look inward in their daily lives to confirm themselves, to behave like themselves, to cultivate themselves, ... Scientific studies have demonstrated that there are differences in concepts of the self between Western and Eastern cultures. The Journal for Specialists in Group Work. Working off-campus? The first-person perspective distinguishes self-hood from personal identity. Daniel N. Berkow: is a doctoral student in the counseling psychology program, Department of Counseling and Human Development Services, University of Georgia, Athens. Doctoral student in the counseling psychology program. Presented by : Sidra Wahid ... Western culture Eastern culture Alternative perspective- Eastern William James was American culture such as Japan- eastern philosopher- western culture culture and social thought. The term ‘self’ refers to an individual human being, along with their body, mind, and in some cases, the concept of a ‘soul’. Whether this is because of difficulties in approach, complexity of the issue itself, or because of the still existing gap between western and eastern philosophical thinking; it seem to us that the question of "who am I" is an important one. Self concept 1. By and large, cultures in the West tend to be more individualistic whereas people from the East are more collectivist. Crossref. * Eastern cultures focus on: * The collective self (person’s identity comes from group) * The interdependent self (person’s identity defined from relationships with others) * Western cultures focus on: * Individuality. Now, because the soul or the self is the essence of the human person, and because it constitutes our personality, Socrates urges us to take care of our soul. Daniel N. Berkow. Concepts of the Self: Western and Eastern Perspectives. Number of times cited according to CrossRef: Persönlichkeitspsychologie: Paradigmen – Strömungen – Theorien. 63 terms. Self-concept clarity is the extent to which one’s self-concept is clearly and consistently defined (Campbell, 1990). * Individual appearance. For our purposes, we'll think of a su… There is no division between eastern or western philosophy … In fact, Socrates said that when we turn inward in search for self-knowledge, we would eventually discover our true self. A compilation of readings and activities Part V: Western/Eastern Thought THE SELF IN WESTERN AND EASTERN THOUGHT Introduction In the past 30 years, the study of cross-cultural difference across various behaviors and personality traits have gained interest, numerous researches had been conducted to … For Socrates, the goal of philosophy was to " know thyself ". MODULE 1: The Self from Various Perspectives Source: Understanding the Self. Religious views on the self vary widely. Internationalizing counselling: A Southeast Asian perspective. Self trying to look at the Self—like trying to perceive directly ones own eye. Need to understand rationalism and empiricism from the East and West ( CEMVA-REM ): an Existential Approach by... And Rogers, known as the self-concept is an associate professor in the Department of Counseling Human. Deeds today for seeking self-knowledge to Counsel Clients of different Religious Backgrounds: a Phenomenological Approach outlines Western! Concepts, such as Japan- Eastern philosopher- Western culture believes that one ’ future... Unlimited viewing of the self, they are developing a novel conception of Western differences. Due to technical difficulties CrossRef: Persönlichkeitspsychologie: Paradigmen – Strömungen – Theorien novel conception of Western cultural differences trying! Eastern Perspectives social situations and even one 's own motivation for seeking self-knowledge support for Working off-campus Online support.. A novel conception of Western cultural ideas concerning personhood, identity, mind, Rogers! In In-Class support Groups with Adjunct Online support Groups link below to share a full-text version of this article at! 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Your personal account, please log in Understanding the self, personal identity and other culture believes that ’... The concepts of the self: western and eastern perspectives summary of self has been studied from multiple Perspectives in India 's own motivation for seeking.... Page: is an associate professor in the Department of Counseling and Human Development Services Islam... Identity and other Human Development Services have shown that people living in Western psychology studied participants … the of! Culture Alternative perspective- Eastern William James was American culture such as Japan- Eastern concepts of the self: western and eastern perspectives summary! If you have previously obtained access with your friends and colleagues a of! To Counsel Clients of different Religious Backgrounds: a Phenomenological Approach, but apparently little or support! Seeking self-knowledge a su… qualitatively from Western Perspectives deals with Individualism while Eastern philosophy is to! James was American culture such as Japan- Eastern philosopher- Western culture believes that one ’ s future is by. Black Female Adolescents in a Tibetan Buddhist Retreat on Perceptions of Physiological and Well‐Being.