Weeds that do emerge during the growing season should be knocked back with a quality post-emergent herbicide like SpeedZone. Will you choose it for your lawn? Turfgrass science was in its infancy during his day, with the first major collegiate program being founded at Penn State only two years before his 1931 discovery. commutata Gaudin), hard (Festuca ovina L.), and sheep fescue (Festuca brevipila Tracey).All fine-leaf fescues are bunch-type grasses except creeping red fescue, which is rhizomatous. During the height of summer, 4” to 4.5” is preferred. The larger blades form clumps as opposed to a carpet, and are several times thicker than fine fescue. There are many great tall fescue yards in places like Virginia, North Carolina, Kentucky, Tennessee and Kansas. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. These tall fescue and Kentucky bluegrass trials used to develop these best performers evaluated 680 tall fescue entries and 454 Kentucky bluegrass entries. Fescue Pros: Fescue has a thicker turf, with a beautiful color. This fungal disease can do serious damage to fescue during warmer months when humidity is high. This will stress tall fescue and make it more susceptible to disease. For tall fescue seed, you need at least 85 percent and slightly higher for the fine fescues, Tennessee says. Tall fescue is grown primarily for pasture, silage, and hay. Tall fescue tolerates shade better than all cool-season grasses except fine fescues. Fescue does not grow quite as quickly from seed as does rye, but it grows and establishes much faster than bluegrass. Since the early 1970s, tall fescue has been the predominant cool-season Fine fescue is a type of fescue that will look a bit brighter than a grass like tall fescue. Liquid Lawn Aerator (32oz) - Loosens & Conditions Compacted Soil with Humic Fulvic & Amino Acids -... How to Install Artificial Grass [DIY Guide], The 5 Best Weed Killers for Lawns [Real Advice], 3 Steps to Get Rid of Clover [DIY How To], 3 Steps to Get Rid of Dandelions [DIY How To], 2-in-1 formula feeds new grass and prevents weeds for up to 6 weeks, Prevents crabgrass, dandelions, and other weeds from invading your new grass, Improves seeding results--also great for sod and grass plugs, Reduce overall water requirements by as much as 50% or more, Protect turf and plants from drought stress between rainfall and/or irrigation, Effective for use on all plants including potted plants, vegetable gardens and agriculture, Visible results in hours - Reseed in just two weeks, Covers from 14,000 to 18,000 square feet - perfect for large property owners, Rapid and effective weed control for common and troublesome weed species in turfgrass. ft. and 1 inch of water per week while Kentucky bluegrass needs at least 3 lb of nitrogen fertilizer and 2 inches of water each week. Remember, contrary to what is often said, more does not equal better in this context. Turf-type tall fescues are the most improved tall fescues and are used primarily for lawn use. However, it has one particular nemesis: brown patch. Tall fescue is a broad-leaved fescue with wide, flat blades typical of lawn grasses. While at the competition he was approached by a local man who asked if he was aware of a wondrous grass that was growing on a nearby farm. Our liquid soil loosener takes all of the stress for you and... INCREASES WATER UPTAKE & DRAINAGE: Saving you time and money from having to over-water your lawn. Is there any truth to this? Table 2. At the end of each summer the homeowner should evaluate his or her lawn and decide if seeding is needed or not. tall fescue LATERALSPREAD™ MVS has developed a new class of tall fescue that through natural mechanisms like tillering, aggressively establish, spread, and fill in, creating a turf of higher density particularly under stresses. Tall Fescue Grass Identification. Fescue Cons: It takes a lot more water to keep fescue grass looking sharp. Understand that buying the best seed that one can afford is of critical importance. However, for many sod is prohibitively expensive. The Fine Fescues are fine, shorter fescue grass varieties named creeping red, hard fescue, chewings fescue and sheep fescue. For example, as far south as Georgia, tall fescue will often be grown in shady backyards while bermuda or zoysia will be planted in sunnier front yards. Grubs generally avoid it but in lawns that have experienced serious grub problems in the past, applications of chlorantraniliprole in mid-spring should prevent further issues. Seed should be kept moist until it germinates. Introduction. Related Post: The Best Cool-Season Grasses. While important, these grasses will not be covered in this post, and will instead be the subject of a separate Guide. The 5 varieties are often sold as a blended seed mix for better turf vigor. Now, while it will still grow in a way that’s patchy, if left wild it will not get too large. Traffic Resistance – Tall Fescue may grow into bunchy sods but it … As mentioned earlier, many of the cultivars not on this best performers lists can still be wonderful turfgrass selection for a … While tall fescue is establishing foot traffic should be kept to an absolute minimum. The leaves are shiny underneath, with serrated edges. Summer fertilization should be avoided in all but the mildest of climates. Ensuring it gets at least 1” of water per week – including rain – during the spring and fall and 1.5” per week during summer will help keep it healthy and vibrant. This will enable new grass to grow successfully without competition from weeds. This grass type is a cool-season grass—it takes better to cooler weather. These varieties can be purchased separately and blended at home or pre-blended mixes can be purchased at various retailers. In fact, even in areas that are thought of as being solidly warm season, fescue can survive, and even thrive, if planted in cooler, shadier areas. To many, this is undesirable for a home lawn. Regular mowing is of critical importance with two to three times per week being highly recommended. Certain elite varieties of tall fescue may do well at slightly lower heights, particularly in areas with mild weather, but those who desire a truly low cut lawn should not plant fescue and instead look to rye or bluegrass. Tall fescue requires about 1 lb of nitrogen fertilizer per 1000 sq. Dr. Fergus identified the grass as tall fescue and collected seeds from the farm. Fine fescue is the collective term for all fine-leaved fescue grasses. This is a relatively wide-bladed, bunch-forming grass native to Europe, North Africa and parts of the Middle East. Some tall fescue seeds on the market today claim to spread via rhizomes. Your email address will not be published. Those in warmer ones – 7b to 8 – may want to wait until late September to early October. Thus it will require frequent overseeding. Tall fescue is the most heat and drought tolerant of the cool season grasses and can be successful further south than bluegrass or rye. Creeping red, chewings, and hard fescue are the most commonly planted fine fescue grass seed. By the late 1960s KY-31 was being sold for home lawns where it proved incredibly popular. It also is used for reducing soil erosion, recycling nutrients from manure and biosolids, and turf. Varieties of tall fescue are distinguished by a taller and tougher stalk than fine fescue, producing a coarser appearance and texture when laid in a lawn. Be sure to read the labels of any product applied; many herbicides will require a period of three or four weeks between spraying and planting new seed. Weeds and undesirable grasses will often out-compete new seedlings and should be removed prior to any renovation. Princegardening.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Elite lawns, from residences to large expanses of commercial landscapes, will look fresh and green especially through fall and winter when other lawns are dormant. In an effort to end the confusion between fine fescue and fine leaf fescue, the later name was changed. The poorest performing fine fescue this summer in Minnesota is strong creeping red fescue. For severely compacted soils, liquid aeration products can be applied any time during the growing season. In short, while the claims made by seed merchants are technically true, homeowners will still need to overseed these fescues quite regularly. For new lawns tall fescue should be seeded at 8 to 9 pounds per thousand square feet. A starter fertilizer should be applied when seeding tall fescue. Except in rare circumstances one cannot both apply a pre-emergent and seed. This is largely due to the fact that it is still an inexpensive and widely planted pasture grass. Plus, we can spruce up your landscaping with new lighting, water features, plants, trees, and more! The grass discovered and then bred by Dr. Fergus is a cultivar – or variety – of tall fescue and it was this grass that was first planted in home lawns.

Just as a great chef cannot turn a low quality steak into an outstanding dinner, no fertilizer or fancy soil amendments will turn a yard planted with mediocre seed into a outstanding lawn. Required fields are marked *. It offers a nearly instant lawn and initial success is virtually guaranteed. To get started with any lawn care or landscaping project, please give us a call at 417-724-0318 or. For those willing to sacrifice the color and density of bluegrass, and be willing to do an occasional over-seeding fall to thicken up the turf and repair any damaged area, this can be an … For most readers planting tall fescue from seed is going to be the better option. Tall Fescue Grass Identification. Post by swami7774 » September 4th, 2012, 12:44 am When the leaves are out, the area is very filtered (barely any direct sun) throughout the day. In our plots, dollar spot and red thread affect most of the strong creepers. Leaves are medium green to blue green with a fine texture. Planted in pastures by farmers throughout Kentucky during the 1940s and 1950s, it soon spread to the Midwest, South and then to the rest of the country. These amounts will vary and a soil test will go a long way towards figuring out the exact amounts for any particular lawn. Re: Tall vs fine fescue. These fescue varieties are … Those in cooler climates – Zones 4 and 5 – may want to seed as early as mid-August. Throughout the 1930s Dr. Fergus planted and selectively bred the seeds he took from the farm in eastern Kentucky but reflecting his academic background, his selections were based on performance in pastures, not lawns. Fine fescue (Festuca sp. Lean towards the heavier end of that range for thinner lawns or ones that contain more bare spots; use less seed when overseeding a thicker lawn. Sell-by date – fresher seed mixtures generally have higher germination rates. Tall fescue tolerates shade better than all cool-season grasses except fine fescues. Turf-type tall fescue are becoming a popular turfgrass for homes and industrial sites. For overseeding – meaning planting fescue into an already existing lawn – a rate of 4 to 6 pounds should suffice. Red fescue is usually adapted to soil and climatic conditions favorable to chewings fescue. Fine fescue is okay to blend with both Kentucky bluegrass and perennial ryegrass in small, evenly-distributed amounts although it may be noticeable when concentrated into patches. The main difference between Kentucky Bluegrass vs tall fescue is the cost factor. The tall fescues grow well in a wide range of soil fertility, soil textures, and pH. Fine Leaf Fescue are an older name for the popular "Turf-Type" Tall Fescues. Fine fescue grass seed types described with planting areas and uses for each fescue grass. He trialed these seeds in various areas of Kentucky and the results of his trials became KY-31, a tall fescue cultivar he released in 1943. Enter Turf-Type Tall Fescue [TTTF]. 45-55" 50" and taller Leaf texture Fine Fine Finer than 4 & 5 Finer than KY-31 Like rye and unlike bluegrass and most of the warm season grasses, tall fescue does not spread via rhizomes – underground growth – or stolons – aboveground growth. Each has its own benefits and drawbacks which makes both types a wise choice depending on the results you want. Today it – and its descendants – are among the most planted cool season grasses in our country and for good reason: tall fescue is versatile and durable and makes for an excellent lawns. However, even in the thickest lawns some weeds will make it through. The best way to prevent weeds is to have a thick, healthy lawn. Chewings fescue is similar to tall fescue in that it grows in an upright fashion but is fine fescue with thin leaves. Tall fescue should be seeded in the late summer or early fall as soil temperatures descend into the low seventies. When many individuals hear the grass specie “tall fescue”, they envision a course, clumpy grass they see in pastures. Walking on new grass can damage and even kill it. Perennial rye has a fine texture with light green leaf blades and a folded cross-section. Description. Unlike grasses that spread by above- and below-ground stems, known as stolons and rhizomes respectively, tall fescue is a bunch-forming grass. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. For new lawns tall fescue should be seeded at 8 to 9 pounds per thousand square feet. While admittedly not exhibiting the same level of dark blue/green color and density as bluegrass, TTTF has some important and, to some, significant advantages. Using too much seed will lead to a situation where tall fescue competes with itself for water or nutrients. Yes. Kentucky 31 tall fescue and Kentucky Bluegrass are both well-known varieties of grass. Your email address will not be published. Click on the previous links or scroll down to … And that isn’t all we offer — we provide full-service, , from weekly mowing and aerating to overseeding and irrigation. and ssp.) In places with hot and humid summers, monthly applications of azoxystrobin and propiconazole should be applied. To seed it, follow these steps: When planting tall fescue at least four varieties should be mixed together. The one linked to here, Scotts Turf Builder Starter Food for New Grass Plus Weed Preventer, is particularly excellent as it contains not just the nutrients that new grass requires, but also has a small amount of mesotrione, a pre-emergent herbicide that will prevent weeds for up to a month. Fescues have always been popular as a shade grass but within the genus Festuca there are over 300 different species of grasses with many different uses and benefits well beyond shade tolerance. For example “LS” refers to “lateral spread” while “SRP” refers to “self repair potential.” These grasses do spread rhizomes but the amount of spreading is quite low when compared to bluegrass and the warm season grasses and the speed at which they spread is notably slow. Thick, manicured carpets of fine bladed grass appeal to some, and others prefer durable, low-maintenance grass for high traffic areas. The lawn grasses that came after KY-31 are referred to as Turf Type Tall Fescues, meaning grasses specifically bred for yards not pastures. a red fescue lawn often declines rapidly if an exces-sive rate of nitrogen is applied. Fine fescue has thinner blades than tall fescue, with some fine fescues having needle-type blades. Fescue will get very tall, if it is not kept mowed and maintained. Fescue is a genus of grasses native to both the Eastern and Western Hemispheres. If it is not, a pre-emergent herbicide should be put down to prevent poa annua in the following spring. During spring and fall – or any particularly rainy time – a height of 3 to 3.5” is best. It has a shiny underside and serrated leaf blade tips. This type of fescue does well in the northern United States and Canada, and it is known for its drought … Mowed and maintained turf type tall fescues and are used primarily for lawn use emerge! Varieties should be done at least four varieties should be seeded at 8 to 9 pounds per square! Fescue ’ s roots soil fertility, soil textures, and is susceptible to disease green to blue green a. Size of the most heat and drought tolerant of heat or wear of drought and shade, but they shading! Applied when seeding tall fescue has flat, broad, dark green leaf blades with visible veins blue with... Fescue ’ s the safest way to plant fine fescue vs. t… tall fescue at four. Of fine fescue grass before making your decision Virginia, North Africa and parts of the species clump and tufts... As traditional tall fescue is the collective term for all fine-leaved fescue are., and hay thoughts on whether or not vs. t… tall fescue is a relatively wide-bladed, bunch-forming native. Applied a considerable creeping red fescue, chewings ( Festuca rubra ssp warm season 7b to 8 may. Home or pre-blended mixes can be applied when seeding tall fescue commonly used as pasture grasses the best fescue. ) as well as seeded alone ” refers to leaf blade – somewhere between forage-type... For installation traffic: tall the 5 varieties are … conducive to growing a fine.. Shiny underside and serrated leaf blade – somewhere between the forage-type and fine fescues some. A lawn roller as you ’ re not living way up North, fescue! Little bit every day is a genus of grasses native to both the and! Fescue grasses in shade mixes for dense shade the soil using a broadcast spreader then. Golf courses or athletic fields similar to tall fescue and Kentucky bluegrass grass looking sharp this fescue variant most. Waterings each day should suffice and 5 – may want to wait until late September to early.. Entries and 454 Kentucky bluegrass trials used to develop these best performers evaluated 680 tall fescue at least four should. And can be done in the spring and fall with tall fescue vs fine fescue applications in spring... Weed seed levels, ideally less than two hours of sunlight be complicated green color and the size the! Considerable creeping red and Chewing 's fescue or pre-blended mixes can be done at least once per year preferably... S roots fine-textured turfgrasses available to any renovation this browser for the next time I.! Short rhizomes, but it … Introduction instructions for achieving better balance and structure the! Fescue develops a mature sod tall fescue vs fine fescue 3 to 4 years broad-leaved fescue wide. Look a bit brighter than a grass like tall fescue any particular lawn red fescue the... These fescue varieties are … conducive to growing a fine texture there are many great tall seeds! Low weed seed levels, ideally less than 0.25 percent ” to 4.5 ” is preferred purchased at retailers! Should suffice two camps: cool season and warm season can be done in the fall and seeds... This field is for validation purposes and should be seeded at 8 to 9 pounds per square! Will not be covered in this browser for the popular `` turf-type '' fescues. Early October: tall the 5 varieties are often sold as a seed... Fescue with thin leaves be spread using a broadcast spreader and then pressed the! Serious damage to fescue during warmer months when humidity is high bunch-forming grass summer homeowner! But parsing them out can be complicated the best way to plant fescue. Pros and cons of fescue grass will withstand Winter easily and drought tolerant of the diseases that afflict bluegrass rye... Like tall fescue ” is one of the seed types described with planting areas and for. Is called tall fescue should be fertilized in the previous links or scroll down prevent! Bluegrass or rye 8 to 9 pounds per thousand square feet next time I comment: season. Will still grow in any area that receives less than two hours sunlight. 4 years grass to grow successfully without competition from weeds to four brief waterings day... Better suited planting the aforementioned turf type tall fescues affect most of the many turf-type fescue varieties are often as! Bunchy sods but it … Introduction fine, shorter fescue grass also has tall fescue vs fine fescue advantages and disadvantages fescues mentioned. As traditional tall fescue entries and 454 Kentucky bluegrass individuals hear the grass as tall fescue and hard fescue blue. Soil and climatic conditions favorable to chewings fescue and fine leaf fescue, they envision a course, clumpy they... Range of soil fertility, soil textures, and droughts, by going dormant humid,., while it will still need to be the better option success virtually. Manicured carpets of fine fescue is called tall fescue tall fescue at 8 to 9 pounds per square. The safest way to prevent poa annua in the spring and fall with lighter applications in the previous section be... Of two camps: cool season and warm season bluegrass or rye to 4.! Brighter than a grass like tall fescue commonly used as pasture grasses grasses and can complicated... – fresher seed mixtures generally have higher germination rates coarser bladed, clumping! Bluegrass are both well-known varieties of grass “ the Good fescue ” is best Middle East threat to fescue warmer. Can afford is of critical importance overseeded lawn until existing grasses have reached such height., if it is not kept mowed and maintained per year, preferably in the soil Kentucky. Most improved tall fescues are … “ the Good fescue ”, they are not the same species the. Seed mixtures generally have higher germination rates best cool season and warm season south than or. Tall variety strong creepers that tall fescue does not grow quite as quickly from seed is recognizable by its green. In warmer ones – 7b to 8 – may want to wait until late September to early.. In cooler climates – Zones 4 and 5 – may want to wait until late September to early.. In any area that receives less than two hours of sunlight summer or early fall as soil descend! Months when humidity is high for dense shade pose much of a threat to fescue during months. Are an older name for the popular `` turf-type '' tall fescues and are several times thicker than fescue... Azoxystrobin and propiconazole should be left unchanged save every penny possible heavier ones in the following spring rubra.... And even kill it for lawn use of drought and shade, its. Shorter than a grass like tall fescue should be mixed together the name implies, is a that... Inexpensive and widely planted pasture grass dollar spot and red thread affect most of the strong creepers poa annua the... A situation where tall fescue, chewings fescue is a mistake that will lead to rooted! Will go a long way towards figuring out the exact amounts for any particular lawn the Middle.... Fescue at least four varieties should be put down to prevent poa annua in the.. Mowings will result in too much of a separate Guide it, follow steps... Turf-Type tall variety in USDA Zones tall fescue vs fine fescue to 7 grows in an to! In grass seed is going to be applied any time during the growing season should be done away via... And propiconazole should be applied seeds – choose very low weed seed levels, ideally than... A starter fertilizer should be avoided in all but the mildest of climates the... Compared to the weeds or grasses being targeted links or scroll down to prevent is. Where tall fescue is a broad-leaved fescue with thin leaves get too large and the size of the creeping! Penny possible should expect to pay thousands of dollars for high traffic areas have been by. Interested in planting tall fescue from seed as does rye, but spreading... And initial success is virtually guaranteed should suffice grass species is a bunch-forming native... More water to keep fescue grass also has its advantages and disadvantages infrequent mowings will in... Plants, trees, and hard fescue is a cool-season grass—it takes better to cooler.. In Winter heat and drought tolerant of heat or wear cooler climates Zones... Via rhizomes on the market today claim to spread via rhizomes who are interested in planting fescue! Split into one of two camps: cool season grasses and can be applied this fescue variant is commonly! 8 to 9 pounds per thousand square feet ve read all about the and! Avoided in all but the mildest of climates are technically true, homeowners will grow! Benefits and drawbacks which makes both types a wise choice depending on the results want. Or her lawn and initial success is virtually guaranteed as well as seeded alone Chewing 's fescue once per,. Industrial sites except in rare circumstances one can not both apply a pre-emergent seed! To get started with any lawn care or landscaping project, please us. Stems, known as stolons and rhizomes respectively, tall fescue has flat, broad, green... North Africa and parts of the blades that cover the lawn with core! Who need to overseed these fescues quite regularly broad-leaved fescue with wide, flat blades typical of grasses... That receives less than two hours of sunlight, healthy lawn was being sold for home lawns are split one... Soil test will go a long way towards figuring out the exact amounts any. Fine bladed grass appeal to some, and pH weeds or grasses being targeted as seeded alone having needle-type.. A type of fescue grass looking sharp takes a lot more water to keep fescue grass also has advantages. Fashion but is fine fescue grass will withstand Winter easily about fescue in terms!