Liste des genres et espèces myiasigènes Common Names A-Z All Families All Common Names Plant Taxa Semiochemicals Floral Compounds Semiochemical Detail Semiochemicals & Taxa Synthesis Control Invasive spp. Introductions of C. hominivorax, sometimes resulting in outbreaks, have occurred in the United States of America, Mexico, Panama, Curacao, Aruba, Libya, and Australia. Electronic Data Information Source Publication #ENY668, National Invasive Species Information Center, YouTube - Vet Scripts: Screwworms versus Maggots, Emergency Management - New World Screwworm, Screwworm Fact Sheet (Nov 2017) (PDF | 313 KB), Animal Disease Information - Screwworm Myiasis. Screwworms are endemic to the Western Hemisphere and pose a serious threat to livestock, wildlife, pets, and humans (Williams et al. The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. Although the young, old, and mentally challenged are more susceptible to myiasis, all humans are potential hosts. Revista MVZ Cordoba. Welch JB, 1993. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Cushing EC, Patton WS, 1933, 20th December. Joint proceedings of the international conference on area-wide control of insect pests, 28 May-2 June, 1998 and the Fifth International Symposium on Fruit Flies of Economic Importance, Penang, Malaysia, 1-5 June, 1998 [ed. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (data set for 2003). California Department of Food and Agriculture. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Wyss JH, 2000. Fast Facts: Screwworm (PDF | 95 KB). Below is a table of some of the common flies responsible for specific myiasis. Efforts are underway or are being considered to eradicate the fly from the Caribbean and South American countries. Haematopinus eurysternus. Larvae: First instar larvae are approximately 1.2 mm and 0.23 mm, length and diameter, respectively, at hatching and are clear with internal structures visible. Oviposition and wound-visiting behavior of the screwworm fly, Cochliomyia hominivorax (Diptera: Calliphoridae). World Animal Health Information Database - Version: 1.4., Paris, France: World Organisation for Animal Health. Les femelles ne pondent pas sur des cadavres, mais sur des individus vivants, au niveau des plaies ou des orifices naturels. In: Area-wide control of fruit flies and other insect pests. 2. by Tan, K. -H.]. Screwworm eradication in North and Central America. 2006. USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) immediately began releasing sterile male flies in Florida’s affected areas as part of an aggressive eradication campaign. Joint proceedings of the international conference on area-wide control of insect pests, 28 May-2 June, 1998 and the Fifth International Symposium on Fruit Flies of Economic Importance, Penang, Malaysia, 1-5 June, 1998. Pulau Pinang, Malaysia: Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia. Coquerel C, 1858. Laake EW, Cushing EC, Parish HE, 1936. Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel, 1858) Genbank common name: primary screw-worm. (Problemática del gusano barrenador del Ganado, Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel, 1858) en Colombia.). Paris, France: World Organisation for Animal Health. 1987). Etymologia: Cochliomyia hominivorax. Cochliomyia. Chrysomya bezziana is distributed widely in Southeast Asia, New Guinea, and Africa. Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel) is endemic to the Western Hemisphere, with the … Newly molted second instar larvae are generally whitish in colour and are approximately 3.5mm and 0.6mm, length and diameter, respectively. Name. Sa répartition est strictement restreinte au Nouveau Monde. The problem of screwworm, Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel, 1858), in Colombia. NCBI BLAST name: flies. Archives Genérales Médecines, 5:513-528. In: Journal of Medical Entomology, 55 https://doi.org/10.1093/jme/tjy049. Mangan RL, Thomas DB, 1989. Reference taxon from Catalogue of Life in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. OIE Handistatus, 2004. Cochliomyia macellaria. Eradication has also been achieved in Curacao, Netherlands Antilles, British Virgin Islands, US Virgin Islands, and Puerto Rico. Cochliomyia hominivorax is present in all South American countries with the exception of Chile. Coronado A, Kowalski A, 2009. CABI Data Mining, 2001. Laake EW, 1950. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (data set for 2004). Northern and southern limits of its range are primarily due to cold weather. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Habitat preferences and dispersal patterns in native female screwworm flies (Diptera: Calliphoridae). From the Greek kochlias (snail with a spiral shell) + myia (fly) and the Latin hominis (man) + vorax (consuming), Cochliomyia hominivorax, or the New World screw-worm fly (formerly Callitroga (Greek kallos, (beautiful), + trogein, (to gnaw), americana), was first described by French entomologist Charles Coquerel in 1858. Journal of Economic Entomology, 56:473-475. The New World screw-worm as a pest in the Caribbean and plans for its eradication from Jamaica and the other infested Caribbean islands. University of Florida. Invasive Species List and Scorecards for California. Fuller (1962) reported that mortality of fawns of White-tailed deer, Odocoileus virginianus (Zimmerman), ranged from 20 to 80 percent annually depending on environmental and population conditions. warble fly (adult) cattle grub (larvae) Hypoderma lineatum. Preferred Names. Figure. Cochliomyia hominivorax has been eradicated from the United States of America, Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama (an outbreak in Florida in 2016 was eradicated in 2017). United States Department of Agriculture, 500. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. A revision of the New World Chrysomyini (Diptera: Calliphoridae). Susceptibility of screwworm larvae and prepupae to dessication. Journal of Medical Entomology, 41(1):121-129. Oestridae. C. hominivorax adults are approximately 2-3 times the size of a house fly. Pioneer lecture presentation by the Florida Entomological Society, Daytona Beach, Florida, 4 August 1997. Center for Food Security and Public Health. Reportable, eat live tissue. Adults:Laake (1936) reported that flies are generally deep metallic greenish-blue in colour. Amblyomma spp. Influence of habitat, season, and attractant on adult behavior of the screwworm (Diptera: Calliphoridae) in a tropical dry zone in Costa Rica. nov., the Screw-worm Fly of the New World. Pulau Pinang, Malaysia: Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia, 79-86. Wyss (2000) reported substantial annual economic benefits to producers (US$ with conversion to 2015 US$ in parentheses) after eradication of C. hominivorax; $896.1 million ($1.25 billion) for the United States of America, $328.6 ($458.5) million for Mexico, and $87.8 ($122.5) million for all of the Central America countries combined. Cochliomyia hominivorax. 2012. Despite the danger posed to humans by this screwworm, it is primarily a veterinary pest. OIE Handistatus, 2003. They are approximately 10.2 mm and 4.3 mm in length and width, respectively. Impact on biodiversity is low, but may become more important in localized areas during conditions which promote the increase of C. hominivorax populations. Before sharing sensitive information online, make sure you’re on a .gov or .mil site by inspecting your browser’s address (or “location”) bar. Fuller G, 1962. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. 1992. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 82(4):526-534. Compendium record. Krafsur ES, Whitten CJ, Novy JE, 1987. Four species are in this genus: C. macellaria, C. hominivorax, C. aldrichi, and C. minima. 1. Role of ivermectin in the treatment of severe orbital myiasis due to. The .gov means it’s official.Federal government websites always use a .gov or .mil domain. Current status of the New World screwworm. The common duct in all the studied species is inserted into the bursa. Development of an attractant for male C. hominivorax. Cochliomyia hominivorax is endemic to the Western Hemisphere and occurs in tropical, subtropical, and temperate zones. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Trop. 52 pp. Screwworm eradication in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. OIE Handistatus, 2002. The Oestridae family contains about 150 sepcies, all of which are obligate parasites. Screw-worm Survey in western United States, 1949. OIE Handistatus, 2005. Overview of the sterile insect technique in screw-worm fly eradication. Animal Health Branch. Undoubtedly, the species Cochliomyia hominivorax (Diptera: Calliphoridae), also known as the New World Screwworm (NWS), is the major cause of myiasis in animals of tropical regions of South America (Fresia et al., 2011 ; Costa-Junior et al., 2019). World Animal Review, No. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2002). Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension. Parman DC, 1945. Screwworms, Cochliomyia hominivorax Coquerel (Diptera: Calliphoridae), cause myiasis in cattle, wildlife and humans. Center for Food Security and Public Health. Cochliomyia hominivorax prevention. Although formerly it ranged throughout tropical and temperate regions of the New World, innovative control measures using male sterilization and baiting of females have eliminated it from the Nearctic. References Abstract Guide: Print: Email to a Friend « Previous Species Coccotrypes distinctus Next Species Cochliomyia sp » Semiochemicals of Cochliomyia hominivorax, the Screwworm fly. hairy flies. Ronnie Henry Main Article. Skoda, S. R., Phillips, P. L., Welch, J. Cochliomyia hominivorax. Authority. Studies on the Higher Diptera of 134 Medical and Veterinary Importance. Adults of C. hominivorax can occasionally enter cars, boats, ships, and aircraft, but this is extremely rare. Or, to display all related content view all resources for Screwworm. The problem of screwworm, Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel, 1858), in Colombia. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2004)., Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties. B., 2018. Parker FD, Welch JB, 1992. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 43(6):e57-e59. Females lay large numbers of eggs on the host near open wounds or body orifices (sites of castration or the umbilicus are common locations). https://www.oie.int/, Skoda SR, Phillips PL, Welch JB, 2018. Myiasis by C. hominivorax results in a negative economic impact by a decrease in animal weights and milk production, and an increase in animal death. Cochliomyia hominivorax (Fig. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 82(3):332-339. Journal of Economic Entomology, 43(3):387-389 pp. Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties. [ed. Cochliomyia hominivorax common name. World Animal Health Information Database. Infestation of this flesh-eating parasite was confirmed in deer from the National Key Deer Refuge in the Florida Keys. Integrated Taxonomic Information System. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2001). Page reviewed: January 18, 2019. Life cycle of a fly. The Cattleman, 48:82-84. Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel, 1858) – screw worm ... Common Name: Scientific Name : TSN: In: Kingdom Go to Advanced Search and Report . Medical and Veterinary Entomology. How screwworm eradication will affect wildlife. Biconical, F3, and wind oriented (WOT) traps, and black cloth targets, baited with the odour attractant swormlure-4, were assessed as catching and killing devices for the New World screwworm fly, Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel), in Mexico. Des larves de diptéres developpés dans le sinus frontause et les fossess nasals de l'homme á Cayenne. Studies on the Higher Diptera of 134 Medical and Veterinary Importance. Wyss J H, 2000. The eggs hatch within 24 hours and the larvae feed on living tissue. Cochliomyia hominivorax (Fig. Technical Bulletin. Current status of the New World screwworm Cochliomyia hominivorax in Venezuela. screwworm, New World screwworm. Flies have three dark longitudinal stripes on the dorsal part of the thorax. Forero B E, Cortés V J, Villamil J L, 2008. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Effect of Weather on Cochliomyia americana and a Review of Methods and economic Applications of the Study. C. hominivorax is known as the primary screwworm because its larvae produce myiasis and feed on living tissue. Wallingford, UK: CABI, Coronado A, Kowalski A, 2009. Med. 192 pp. 13 (2), 1400-1414. http://apps.unicordoba.edu.co/revistas/revistamvz/mvz-132/v13n2a16.pdf. Phylum: Arthropoda: Subphylum: … Cochliomyia hominivorax was first described from adult flies bred from a human infestation; the name hominivorax means "man-eater" (Coquerel, 1858). Expanding the analysis of the economic impact of eradicating C. hominivorax from Central America by adding linkages to the economy and consumer benefits resulted in an estimated total annual economic impact of $704.3 ($982.6) million to consumers (Wyss, 2000). Joint proceedings of the international conference on area-wide control of insect pests, 28 May-2 June, 1998 and the Fifth International Symposium on Fruit Flies of Economic Importance, Penang, Malaysia, 1-5 June, 1998. Thomas DB, Mangan RL, 1989. by Tan K -H]. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 3(3):109-169. YouTube; Oklahoma State University. World: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health), 12, rue de Prony, 75017 Paris, France, http://www.oie.int/, Panama: COPEG (Panama-United States Commission for the Eradication and Prevention of Screwworm), http://www.copeg.org/, Austria: IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency), Vienna International Centre, PO Box 100, A-1400 Vienna, http://www.iaea.org/, Italy: FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations), Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, http://www.fao.org/, USA: USDA-APHIS (Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service), US Department of Agriculture 1400, Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20250, Washington, DC, USA, http://www.aphis.usda.gov/, John B. Welch, USDA-APHIS-IS, USDA-ARS-SPARC, 2881 F&B Road, College Station, Texas, USA. Screwworm. OIE Handistatus, 2005. 1985; Mullen and Durden 2009; CABI 2016). Journal of Arachnology, 21(1):23-28. EPPO Code: COCLHO. Genus recognized by Barcode of Life Data Systems, Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Commons, wikipedia DE, wikipedia NL, wikipedia POL, wikipedia VI, Wikidata, Wikidata, Wikidata, … Screw-worm eradication in the Americas - overview. > 0°C, dry winters), Mean minimum temperature of coldest month (ºC), Moderate risk with movement of infested animals, Very low risk by movement of infested hunting dogs, COPEG, Panama–United States Commission for the Eradication and Prevention of Screwworm, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE). CABI is a registered EU trademark. Humans living in areas of favorable habitats for C. hominivorax are at a higher risk than those living in unfavorable habitats. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Cochliomyia americana Cushing and Patton, 1933 : Lucilia hominivorax Coquerel, 1858 : Common Name(s): screw worm : Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: valid Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: unverified Center for Food Security and Public Health. Mature second instar larvae are approximately 6.3 mm to 7.4 mm and 1.5 mm, length and diameter, respectively, and are whitish to cream coloured. Role of ivermectin in the treatment of severe orbital myiasis due to Cochliomyia hominivorax. Screw-worm eradication in the Americas - overview. Predation by spiders on ground-released screwworm flies, Cochliomyia hominivorax (Diptera: Calliphoridae) in a mountainous area of southern Mexico. Both species are in the subfamily Chrysomyinae of the family Calliphoridae of the order Diptera (true flies). This insect has been eradicated from the United States, Mexico and most of the Central America, using sterile insect technology. (Problemática del gusano barrenador del Ganado, Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel, 1858) en Colombia.) are common predators of larvae that have exited wounds to pupate and have been observed pulling larvae from wounds (J Welch, unpublished data). (Coquerel) Callitroga americana. Eggs are laid in a parallel pattern in layers glued together to form a mass which gives them the appearance of a shingled roof. Rank: species. > 0°C, dry summers, Cw - Warm temperate climate with dry winter, Warm temperate climate with dry winter (Warm average temp. Risk of introduction of C. hominivorax may be relatively low; however, movement of infested hosts into non-infested habitats remains a risk. Additionally increase in the costs of inspection and handling of animals, and the increase in costs of insecticides, and veterinary services and medicines results in a negative economic impact (Wyss, 2000). Other insects, birds, frogs, lizards and spiders feed on adult C. hominivorax.Welch (1993) describes the predation of ground-released sterile C. hominivorax flies by spiders. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. The new world screwworm eradication programme North Africa 1988-1992., Rome, Italy: FAO. In: Area-wide control of fruit flies and other insect pests. Wyss JH, 2002. Coronado A, Kowalski A, 2009. Those humans who cannot take care of themselves are especially vulnerable. Third instar larvae are white to cream to pink coloured depending on diet, and are approximately 6.4 mm to 17 mm in length and 1.6 mm to 3.5 mm in diameter. Dear JP, 1985. Agricultural Research. Williams DL, Gartman SC, Hourrigan L, 1977. Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel) is endemic to the Western Hemisphere, with the exception of Chile., although it has been eradicated from significant parts of its range. Early in October 2016, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) was faced once again with New World screwworm, which had been eradicated from the United States more than three decades ago. 66-76 pp. FAO, 1992. Populations are aggregated yet mobile within favourable habitats. Colour is variable, ranging from metallic light to dark green, light grayish-blue through sky-blue to dark blue (J Welch, personal observation). A personal account of programs to eradicate the screwworm, Cochliomyia hominivorax, in the United States and Mexico with special emphasis on the Florida program. Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties. Population dynamics and distribution of C. hominivorax in the Amazon Basin. Although con… Williams D L, Gartman S C, Hourrigan L, 1977. [Accessed Mar 5, 2015]. As a result, no natural enemies specific for C. hominivorax have been identified. 21:31-35. Taxonomy ID: 115425 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid115425) current name. Biology of the Primary Screw Worm Fly, Cochliomyia americana, and a Comparison of its Stages with those of C. macellaria. 5b) has three spermath-ecae, 0.136 x 0.261 mm in length, reniform in shape, with a smooth surface and brown color. > 10°C, Cold average temp. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Detailed descriptions of the life stages of C. hominivorax are presented in Laake et al. All larval instars have characteristic bands of spines on most segments and a pair of heavily sclerotized mouth hooks, main tracheal trunks and spiracles. An interactive story map of the USDA's history of eradicating the infestation and the continuing efforts to keep screwworm out of the US. Sa répartition est strictement restreinte au Nouveau Monde. The https:// means all transmitted data is encrypted — in other words, any information or browsing history that you provide is transmitted securely. short nosed cattle louse. Blowfly diagnosis . > 10°C, Cold average temp. Cochliomyia hominivorax. Iowa State University. There are no data to suggest that natural enemies are important to the population dynamics of C. hominivorax. Cochliomyia hominivorax est une « mouche à viande » parasite obligatoire des mammifères et plus rarement des oiseaux. long nosed cattle louse. Parasitology Today, 3(5):131-137. About Us; Contact Us; Navigation Pupae: Pupae are barrel-shaped and dark brown in colour. ARS. Canberra, Australia: Agriculture, Fisheries, and Forestry, 176-181. Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel) (ITIS; name is valid but unverified) Seasonal and spatial distributions of adult screwworms (Diptera: Calliphoridae) in the Panama canal area, Republic of Panama. of coldest month > 0°C and < 18°C, mean warmest month > 10°C, Cf - Warm temperate climate, wet all year, Warm average temp. Rome, Italy: FAO, 192 pp. Lingonathus vituli. For those of us rusty on our Latin, “hominivorax” is roughly translated as "eater of man." Screwworm (Diptera: Calliphoridae) in the United States: Response to and Elimination of the 2016–2017 Outbreak in Florida, Journal of Medical Entomology, 55 https://doi.org/10.1093/jme/tjy049. In: Area-wide control of fruit flies and other insect pests. 24 pp. of coolest month > 18°C, > 1500mm precipitation annually, Tropical monsoon climate ( < 60mm precipitation driest month but > (100 - [total annual precipitation(mm}/25])), As - Tropical savanna climate with dry summer, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in summer) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Aw - Tropical wet and dry savanna climate, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in winter) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Average temp. Eggs have also been observed laid approximately 5 cm from the edge of wounds under the moist wool of sheep in Costa Rica during the rainy season (J Welch, personal observation). Cochliomyia americana sp. Eggs are generally laid on or near the edges of wounds but may also be laid on or near host body orifices with purulent discharge. Revista MVZ Cordoba, 13(2):1400-1414. http://apps.unicordoba.edu.co/revistas/revistamvz/mvz-132/v13n2a16.pdf. 79-86. Google. warble fly, heel fly, ox warble, cattle grub (larvae) Damalina (Bovicola) bovis. Eggs: Eggs are bright white, approximately 1.04 mm long and 0.26 mm in diameter with a cylindrical shape, rounded at the posterior end and flattened at the anterior end with a dorsal seam extending from the anterior end almost to the posterior end of the egg. Baumhover AH, 1963. http://www.oie.int, Osorio J, Moncada L, Molano A, Valderrama S, Gualtero S, Franco-Paredes C, 2006. Les femelles ne pondent pas sur des cadavres, mais sur des individus vivants, au niveau des plaies ou des orifices naturels. OIE, 2009. Subduing the screwworm. Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties. World Animal Health Information Database - Version: 1.4. Screwworm - Screwworm myiasis in a calf navel. Capable of securing and ingesting a wide range of food, Benefits from human association (i.e. The new world screwworm eradication programme North Africa 1988-1992. Figure. The New World screwworm1 (NWS), Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel), and the Old World screwworm1 (OWS), Chrysomya bezziana Villeneuve, are both obligate parasites of mammals, including humans, during their larval stages. Although naturally occurring in relatively low numbers compared with other insect species, C. hominivorax has been introduced and spread into non-endemic and eradicated areas via movement of infested hosts, including humans. Page updated: January 18, 2019. Calliphora hominivorax. FAO, 1992. Cushing and Patton (1933) documented the difference between Cochliomyia americana C & P and Cochliomyia macellaria Fabricius, which served as a key basis in the eradication of Cochliomyia hominivorax from North America, Central America and parts of the Caribbean. Screwworm. Eggs are laid in masses which contain from 10 to 400. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 23(s1):106-110. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/mve. Main Article. cattle biting louse. A barrier zone is maintained in Panama using sterile flies and field operations to prevent immigration of C. hominivorax into eradicated areas. The New World screwworm (NWS), Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel), has existed on the American continent (see Figure 1) from ancient times, and its name is found in all the principal indigenous dialects. Journal of Economic Entomology, 86(5):1359-1375. Authority: (Coquerel) Other scientific names. Cochliomyia hominivorax est une « mouche à viande » parasite obligatoire des mammifères et plus rarement des oiseaux. Cochliomyia hominivorax. Pulau Pinang, Malaysia: Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia. Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel) (ITIS; name is valid but unverified), South America and the Caribbean (CFSPH 2012), Eradicated in the U.S. in 1966 (ARS 1992), Could be reintroduced to the U.S. from an infested animal (CFSPH 2012), Parasite that kills livestock and wildlife, particularly cattle (CFSPH 2012). Website of the World Organisation for Animal Health (formerly Office International des Epizooties). Cochliomyia is commonly referred to as the New World screwworm flies, as distinct from Old World screwworm flies. Infestation of humans is under-reported due to the negative social implications. Larvae feeding on the skin and underlying tissues Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel, 1858) Nov 30, -0001 : Integrated Taxonomic Information System Infection with larvae of the blow fly Cochliomyia hominivorax (Callitroga americanum), a common cause of disease in livestock in the southern and southwestern U.S.A. - screw worm infection - Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Preferred name: Cochliomyia hominivorax. Oviposition and wound-visiting behavior of the screwworm fly. Pulau Pinang, Malaysia: Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia, 87-93. Cochliomyia hominivorax diagnosis. Cochliomyia is commonly referred to as the New World screwworm flies, as distinct from Old World screwworm flies. Page created: January 18, 2019. Screwworm (Diptera: Calliphoridae) in the United States: Response to and Elimination of the 2016-2017 Outbreak in Florida. Cushing EC, Patton WS, 1933, 20th December. Cochliomyia hominivorax occurs in relatively low numbers compared with other insect species. Screwworm eradication in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Grant G H, Snow J W, Teran M V, 2000. The problem of screwworm, Osorio J, Moncada L, Molano A, Valderrama S, Gualtero S, Franco-Paredes C, 2006. In: Proceedings of the screw-worm fly emergency preparedness conference, Canberra, Australia, 12-15 November 2001. The Latin name of this bug is Cochliomyia hominivorax. by Tan, K. -H.]. 16.12A, B) is a major livestock pest, especially to cattle in the Neotropics. Cochliomyia is a genus of just 4 species of the New World tropics and sub-tropics where it largely replaces the Calliphora and Lucilia of the temperate zone.It includes the New World screwworm fly, Cochliomyia hominivorax, two little known species, C. minima and C. aldrichi, and the secondary screwworm fly C. macellaria. Iowa State University. Joint proceedings of the international conference on area-wide control of insect pests, 28 May-2 June, 1998 and the Fifth International Symposium on Fruit Flies of Economic Importance, Penang, Malaysia, 1-5 June, 1998 [ed. Most of the obligate parasites come from the families Oestridae, Calliphoridae, or Sarcophagidae. The hominivorax larvae are responsible for Cochliomyia’s common name, the screwworm, because they possess small spines on each body segment that resemble a screw’s threads. As long as populations of C. hominivorax exist in the Western Hemisphere, modern travel conveyances, especially aircraft, make the introduction of C. hominivorax continents away from the original source of infestation a real possibility. http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/CID/journal/home.html. Screwworm Myiasis (PDF | 252 KB). it is a human commensal), Negatively impacts cultural/traditional practices, Negatively impacts trade/international relations, Difficult to identify/detect as a commodity contaminant, Difficult to identify/detect in the field. This site is also protected by an SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) certificate that’s been signed by the U.S. government. Predation by spiders on ground-released screwworm flies, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. This feeding causes deep, pocket-like lesions in the skin, which can be very damaging to … 87-93. USDA. ©USDA-2002/Foreign Animal Diseases Training Set/USDA-Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS). > 0°C, wet all year, Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry summer, Warm average temp. Five species are found within the genus Cochliomyia, including C. hominivorax. Depicts a dorsal view of the “Primary screwworm” fly, Cochliomyia hominivorax, a member of the family Calliphoridae. Ants (especially Solenopsis sp.) [ed. Phillips PL, Welch JB, Kramer M, 2004. The spermathecal duct has a transverse ridge, is thinner in the proximal and distal re-gions and gradually reaches maximum caliber in the median region of the duct. Cochliomyia hominivorax under-go obligatory myiasis. OIE, 2009. release of sterile male flies. The taxonomy and nomenclature of this species was very confused for over 100 years. Iowa State University. Forero B E, Cortés V J, Villamil J L, 2008. Current status of the New World screwworm Cochliomyia hominivorax in Venezuela. Parker FD, Welch JB, Matlock RB, 1993. (1936). CAB Abstracts Data Mining., CABI, Undated. 31-35. Baumhover AH, 1997. The primary screwworm, Cochliomyia hominivorax(Coquerel) (Figure 1), also known as the New World screwworm, occurred in several areas of the southern United States before eradication efforts began in the 1950s (Krafsur et al. Originally introduced in 1930s; eradicated by 1959; outbreak in 2016 eradicated in 2017, Eradicated 2004; JB Welch, USDA, unpublished data, Eradicated 2011; JB Welch, USDA, unpublished data, Eradicated 2001; JB Welch, USDA, unpublished data, Introduced due to irradiator malfunction; eradicated 2003; JB Welch, USDA, unpublished data, Eradicated 2012; JB Welch, USDA, unpublished data, Eradicated 2009; C Duerr, COPEG, unpublished data, General Signs / Cyanosis, blue skin or membranes, General Signs / Inability to stand, downer, prostration, General Signs / Swelling mass penis, prepuce, testes, scrotum, Nervous Signs / Dullness, depression, lethargy, depressed, lethargic, listless, Reproductive Signs / Paraphimosis or priapism, inability to retract penis, Skin / Integumentary Signs / Alopecia, thinning, shedding, easily epilated, loss of, hair, Skin / Integumentary Signs / Foul odor skin, smell, Skin / Integumentary Signs / Parasite visible, skin, hair, feathers, Skin / Integumentary Signs / Skin erythema, inflammation, redness, Skin / Integumentary Signs / Skin necrosis, sloughing, gangrene, Skin / Integumentary Signs / Skin ulcer, erosion, excoriation, Urinary Signs / Dysuria, difficult urination, stranguria, Average temp. 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