President Franklin Roosevelt is elected to a fourth term. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. 1940s Movies: Hollywood Goes To War » Instead of facing shortages like most people, the movie industry in the 1940s was well supported by the government thanks to its morale boosting qualities. Bob Hope was also a huge star in the 1940s, frequently entertaining the troops overseas. October 31: In South Dakota, Mount Rushmore, a sculpture of 60-foot-high faces of four U.S. presidents, was completed after 14 years under the direction of Gutzon Borglum. April 19: German troops and police entered the Warsaw Ghetto to deport its surviving inhabitants. President Franklin D. Roosevelt knew that World War II (1939–45) would bring an end to the British Empire and reduce British influence. The war was a time of worry and heartache for people around the world, but life went on in spite of the senseless, tragic conflict that consumed the lives of so many loved ones, destroyed homes and livelihoods, and scattered families around the globe. Make educational timelines or create a timeline for your company website. Orson Welles directed the groundbreaking film, Citizen Kane, in 1941. The United States was drawn into World War II with the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor in December 1941 and was then involved in both the European and Pacific theaters until peace came in May 1945 in Europe and August of that year in the Pacific. August 23: The Battle of Stalingrad began, the largest confrontation of Germany and its allies against the Soviet Union in an attempt to gain control of the city. Canadian-American biochemist Martin Kamen discovered carbon-14, an isotope of carbon later used to date archaeological object 1940-1945 Camp Nanaimo, an army training camp was in operation at the site of present-day VIU from 1940-1945. Jan 5 Finnish offensive at Suomossalmi against Russia Jan 6 Mass execution of Poles, committed by Germans in the city of Poznań, Warthegau. What happened in 1949? In History. September 8: The Nazis began a prolonged military blockade known as the Siege of Leningrad, which would not end until 1944. April 4: The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was established, an intergovernmental military alliance among 29 North American and European countries. It was one of the basic documents underlying the modern United Nations. The era was a time of great technological advancement that came from the tumultuous years of World War II. This time line consists of local, national, and international events relevant to the Canadian experience. Establishes laboratory Consultation and Development Section to upgrade laboratory performance and promote increased standardization. Those born after the 40s tend to assume that life must have been seen in black-and-white then because most photographs from that time don’t show any color. October 8: Inventor Percy Spencer filed the first of what would be 150 patents for the Microwave oven, to be made available to the public as the Radarange. May 24: The British battle-cruiser HMS Hood was sunk by the Bismarck during the Battle of Denmark Strait; the Royal Navy sunk the Bismarck three days later. CDC begins a five-year study on what role flies have in the spread and transmission of poliomyelitis. Hollywood blacklist, list of media workers ineligible for employment because of alleged communist or subversive ties, generated by Hollywood studios in the late 1940s and ’50s. 1940s. Trotsky assassinated in Mexico (Aug. 20). Living in the 1940s. July 20: German military officers led by Claus von Stauffenberg led Operation Valkyrie, a plot to kill German chancellor Adolf Hitler inside his Wolf's Lair field headquarters, but failed. Important Events in 1940 Feb 27 Martin Kamen and Sam Ruben discover carbon-14 (radiocarbon dating) at the University of California Radiation Laboratory in Berkeley, California Mar 18 Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler meet at Brenner Pass where the Italian dictator agrees he will, in due course, join Germany's impending war effort in the west Some inventions were brand new, while others were invented years earlier but were brought to use in the 1940s. Many cities built warm pools where children and adults with polio could find exercise. April 12: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt died at his Warm Springs, Georgia estate. While allowing an African-Americans to play baseball may not seem controversial now, it’s important to remember that much of America employed some form of segregation in the 1940s. He managed America's involvement in the war so that the United States could replace Britain in world affairs after 1945. The fight against fascism during World War II brought into focus the contradictions between America’s ideals of democracy and its treatment of racial minorities. August 13: The Manhattan Project, a U.S. federally-funded effort to develop and produce nuclear weapons, began. Churchill becomes Britain's prime minister. July 13: The first printed T-shirt worn in a photograph appeared on the cover of Life magazine, a man brandishing an Air Corps Gunnery School logo. February 24: Juan Perón was elected president of Argentina. April 9: At least 72,000 American and Filipino prisoners of war began a forced march by the Japanese 63 miles from the southern tip of the Bataan Peninsula to Camp O'Donnell in the Philippines. World War II. Let’s travel back to the 1940s. With World War II over, the news lightened up considerably in 1946. June 14, 1940 - On the same day Paris fell to the German army and Auschwitz received its first Polish prisoners, the Naval Expansion Act is signed into law by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, increasing the capacity of the U.S. Navy by 11%. Period: Sep 1, 1939 to Dec 30, 1945. The first half of the 1940s was absorbed with World War II. Based on that data, the Environmental Protection Agency implements policies that decrease the amount of lead in gas by half from 1976 – 1980, subsequently dropping levels of lead in blood by 37%, and Congress is persuaded to phase out leaded gas permanently, CDC establishes the vessel sanitation program in cooperation with the cruise ship industry, WHO Collaboration Center for leptospirosis is established, Begins to assist in visa and entry screening, immunization, and follow up of the health of Vietnamese refugees to the United States, First EIS assistance for injury (homicide in Georgia), CDC establishes Bureau of Health Education, developing health curriculum for schools, Through the Study of the Efficacy of Nosocomial Infection Control (, CDC documents the first nationwide outbreak of Reye syndrome, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (, CDC begins regularly responding to public health crises abroad by providing famine assistance in sub-Saharan Africa, CDC recommends discontinuation of routine immunization and vaccination requirements for, Investigations into lead exposure associated with an ore smelter in El Paso, Texas, increases the scientific understanding of the effects of, The National Communicable Disease Center (NCDC) is renamed Center for Disease Control (CDC), The National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance system is established to monitor infections acquired in hospital settings, CDC opens its first biological containment lab to protect scientists while they work with deadly and infectious pathogens, Inter-Regional Seminar on Smallpox Eradication is held in Lagos, Nigeria to discuss the progress of the Smallpox Eradication Program. People born in the early 1940s were already in their late 20’s when the hippie movement got into full swing, but some may have been beatniks, the predecessor to the late 60’s hippie. He managed America's involvement in the war so that the United States could replace Britain in world affairs after 1945. People born in the early 1940s were already in their late 20’s when the hippie movement got into full swing, but some may have been beatniks, the predecessor to the late 60’s hippie. The decade opened with the Battle of Britain and the Blitz of 1940-41, during which time Londoners experienced aerial bombing whose severe consequences were felt throughout the city. Music lovers were treated with far … The world was headed toward rearmament and warfare in the early to mid-1940s, and the movie industry, like every other aspect of life, responded to the national war effort by making movies, producing many war-time favorites, and having stars (and film industry employees) enlist or report for duty. There are several different ways to refer to decades -- "the seventies", "the 1970s", and so on. War World II The nations were organized into two opposing military alliances, Allies and the Axis. U.S. trades 50 destroyers for leases on British bases in Western Hemisphere. Research 1940s clothing styles, trends & history with our year-by-year timeline & 50+ pictures. Introduction 1.1940s Fashion Trends … The decisive win by the U.S. is considered a turning point in the Pacific theater. July 11: Jewish refugees from France attempting to reach Palestine aboard the Exodus were forcibly turned back by the British. July 8: French resistance leader Jean Pierre Moulin is said to have died on a train near Metz and headed to Germany after being tortured by the Nazis. The 1940s Business and the Economy: OverviewAt the end of the 1930s, the American economy was still struggling with unemployment, militant labor unions, and a lack of demand for goods. October 13: One month after surrendering to Allied forces, the government of Italy under Pietro Badoglio joined the Allies and declared war on Germany. May: The Germans opened the Auschwitz concentration camp, where at least 1.1 million people would be killed. In 1940 or late 1939, the Nazis began "Operation T4," the first mass killings of Germans and Austrians with disabilities, most by large-scale poison gas operations. April 12: Despite headlines saying "Dewey Defeats Truman," Harry Truman was elected president. Let’s travel back to the 1940s. Fortunately for all, the 1940s was a decade of inventions of all kinds. The plan was to conquer the western Soviet Union and repopulate it with Germans; and in the process, the German armies captured some five million troops and starved or otherwise killed 3.3 million prisoners of war. //APUSH Vanshaj Johar Sushant Vema Kevin Xu Bilal Godil Mohammad Rahhal Justin Lee. With the onset of the Cold War, segregation and inequality within the U.S. were brought into focus on … Sometime in 1947, the first of the Dead Sea Scrolls, a collection of ancient Hebrew and Aramaic documents stored in caves on the northwestern shore of the Dead Sea, were discovered. The Production Division is renamed the Audio-Visual Production Division, producing more than 50 health films for field training; CDC’s Reference Diagnostic Service Center becomes available to all public health laboratories. Historical Events in the 1940s Timeline created by amiraandsydney. President Harry S. Truman ordered the building of the hydrogen bomb, on June 25th, the Korean War … The Production Division is renamed the Audio-Visual Production Division, producing more than 50 health films for field training; CDC’s Reference Diagnostic Service Center becomes available to all public health laboratories. The trends, designers, dresses, shoes, hairstyles, makeup and stories from the WW2 era and post war Paris. November: The Slinky toy was demonstrated at Gimbel's department store in Philadelphia. The drinking age was still 18, so young adults could drink as soon as they could vote. Living in the 1940s. A fully illustrated history of 1940s fashion and style for women, from 1940 to 1949. It serves to contextualize the growth and evolution of VIU. While officially sanctioned or not, as a rule, African-Americans did not enjoy the … Take a minute to review many of CDC’s momentous contributions to public health since it was organized in 1946 as the Communicable Disease Center. In the anticommunist furor of post-World War II America, many crusaders targeted the media as a site of subversive infiltration. August 29: The Soviet Union conducted the first nuclear bomb test,in what is today Kazakhstan. Historical Events for the Year 1940. He was never seen again. CDC is transferred from the State Relations Division and established as a field station under the immediate direction of the Chief of the Bureau of State Services of the U.S. Public Health Service. • The first synthetic rubber tires were manufactured. The archive is a collection of over 160,000 photographs taken during a ten year period that began during the depths of the Depression and ended with the United States' victory in World War II. Trotsky assassinated in Mexico (Aug. 20). In 1942, World War II continued to dominate the news. October 29: The Reynolds pen, an early ballpoint, went on sale in the U.S. From this research the Cholesterol Standardization Program is developed, Asian flu pandemic emerges in Hong Kong with millions of cases and thousands of deaths. An overview of jazz in the 1930s, from The Great Depression to Charlie Parker. Churchill becomes Britain's prime minister. The 1940s were a tumultuous decade for the whole world. Practicing physicians who have hard-to-identify specimens submit through their health departments, CDC stations the Laboratory Division at the Lawson Veterans Administration Hospital in Chamblee, Georgia, CDC established for communicable diseases, Rabies investigation activities are conducted at the Virus Laboratory in Montgomery, Alabama, CDC assists the Imperial Iranian Government in planning and establishing a national malaria control program, CDC conducts first training courses in Laboratory Diagnosis of Tuberculosis and Mycotic Diseases, CDC investigations expand to include, typhus, dysentery-diarrheal, fly control-poliomyelitis, viral encephalitis, plague, Q fever, brucellosis, creeping eruption, rabies, histoplasmosis, insecticides, and rodenticides, Acquires the Public Health Service Plague Suppressive lab which included an Epidemiology division, Emory University deeds 15 acres of land to the Federal Government for the development of CDC headquarters on Clifton Road in Atlanta, CDC establishes the Veterinary Public Health Division, focusing on protecting and improving both animal and human health. After the Nationalist Party in South Africa won a majority of seats in the parliament, they established "practical apartheid" in the country, a white supremacist strategy that would last another four decades. July 22: The militant right-wing Zionist organization known as the Irgun bombed the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, killing 91 people. January 17: Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg, who saved tens of thousands of Jews in Nazi-occupied Hungary, disappeared in Budapest after being called to Soviet military commander Rodion Malinovsky's headquarters in Debrecen. Historical Events in the 1940s Timeline created by amiraandsydney. May 14: Jewish politician and diplomat David Ben-Gurion announced the establishment of the State of Israel, and U.S. President Harry S. Truman quickly recognized the new nation. October: The Warsaw Ghetto, the largest of the Jewish ghettos opened by the Nazi, was established in Poland, and would eventually house as many as 460,000 Jews there in an area of 1.3 square miles. In the 1940s Nebraska has a string of losing seasons that doesn't end until 1950. It was refueled in the air four times. The United States emerged as a world leader during the 1940s. The 1950s were the first full decade after the end of World War II and is remembered as a prosperous time of recovery from the Great Depression of the 1930s and the war years of the 1940s. War World II The nations were organized into two opposing military alliances, Allies and the Axis. Practicing physicians who have hard-to-identify specimens submit through their health departments Marvel Comics introduces Captain America in March 1941. The 1940s Technology. CDC offers disaster aid in response to multiple chemical explosions in Texas City, Texas. The decade opened with the Battle of Britain and the Blitz of 1940-41, during which time Londoners experienced aerial bombing whose severe consequences were felt throughout the city. What happened in 1940 Major News Stories include Germany and Italy gain control of most of Western Europe, Winston Churchill becomes Prime Minister and inspires British People With speaches including "We Shall Fight Them On The Beaches, Dunkirk evacuation of British Troops, Battle of Britain begins, Germany starts it's Blitz on London, Race Riots in Chicago, Harlem, Los Angeles and Detroit, Popular … These get replayed every December, and it's fun to watch the old favorites once again with such stars as Jimmy Stewart, Bing Crosby, Fred Astair, and Ginger Rogers. This program alone resulted in … Like everything else, music in the 1940s was centered around the World War II. Virginia, along with the rest of the country, looked a lot different than it does today. U.S. Timeline - The 1940s. Your banner or text ad can fill the space above. This program alone resulted in the murder of an estimated 275,000 persons by war's end. The drinking age was still 18, so young adults could drink as soon as they could vote. The 1940s values and culture created a good work ethic and sense of positive national egocentrism. The Tuberculosis laboratory is already in Atlanta at Lawson General Hospital, having moved there several years earlier, Opens new permanent headquarters buildings in Atlanta, Georgia. May 7: Germany signed the first legal German Institution of Surrender in Reims, although the final document was signed on May 9. July 1: Nuclear testing began in the Bikini Atoll, Marshall Islands, the first of 23 detonations by the United States between 1946 and 1958. November 20: The Nuremberg trials began, military tribunals prosecuting prominent members of the leadership of Nazi Germany for their crimes in World War II. July 5: Bikini swimsuits made their debut on a Paris beach but quickly spread to beaches everywhere. Family group, possibly West Kerry What happened to the 1940s? March: The quintessential superhero "Captain America" made his debut in Marvel Comics. In the 1940s Nebraska has a string of losing seasons that doesn't end until 1950. Between 1942 and 1945, a total of 10 camps were opened, holding approximately 120,000 Japanese Americans in California, Arizona, Wyoming, Colorado, Utah, and Arkansas. By far the biggest event for Americans in 1941 was the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, 1941, a day that would indeed, as FDR said, live in infamy. Please continue to check our website and social media accounts for additional updates. 1940 was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1940th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 940th year of the 2nd millennium, the 40th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1940s decade. A fully illustrated history of 1940s fashion and style for women, from 1940 to 1949. The 1940s saw an increase in activism and opportunities: the black press spoke out about unfair and unjust treatment, while nonprofit organizations and social groups worked to further social reforms. A ceremony in Niamey, the Republic of Niger, is held to celebrate the 100 millionth smallpox vaccination given in Africa, CDC investigates an unidentified, highly infectious respiratory disease in Pontiac, Michigan (later identified as, Responds to its first major initiative in famine relief within Nigeria during the Biafran war, assisting local health officials in conducting nutrition and disease assessments, NCDC (National Communicable Disease Center) becomes a bureau within the U. S. Public Health Service, A tuberculosis surveillance system begins within the United States, Communicable Disease Center is renamed National Communicable Disease Center (NCDC) and the title of Chief of the Center is changed to CDC Director, CDC announces a national measles eradication campaign at the American Public Health Association meeting, The International Malaria Eradication Program is turned over to CDC from the Agency for International Development (AID), Global Smallpox eradication effort launched, New surveillance systems added to the original National Surveillance Program of 1952 include measles, shigellosis, tetanus, and trichinosis, A four-week smallpox campaign launches in Anapa, Brazil to demonstrate and evaluate the jet injector equipment in field operations under a variety of conditions, The special Interagency Committee on Back Contamination (ICBC) is created to determine how to protect Earth from moon contamination, The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) approaches CDC for help to ensure that germs from Earth do not get transported into space, CDC holds first meeting of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (, Hospital Infections Unit is established as part of epidemiology program, First jet injector studies with smallpox vaccine are conducted in the country of Tonga, First Surgeon General’s Report on Smoking and Health, All state health departments, the Food and Drug Administration, and the Department of Agriculture join CDC in establishing the, The Audiovisual Training Branch changes its name to National Medical Audiovisual Facility, establishing it as the central audiovisual facility for the U. S. Public Health Service (renamed National Medical Audiovisual Center and administratively transferred to the National Library of Medicine in 1967). Swing became popular in this decade. The rise in sulphate aerosols was largely due to the increase in industrial activities at the end of the second world war. May 19: Chinese leader Ho Chi Minh founded the Communist Viet Minh in Vietnam, an event that was to lead to yet another war for the U.S. years later. The war was a time of worry and heartache for people around the world, but life went on in spite of the senseless, tragic conflict that consumed the lives of so many loved ones, destroyed homes and livelihoods, and scattered families around the globe. 1944. August 6 and 8: The United States detonates two nuclear weapons above the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the first and (so far only) use of such a weapon against an enemy people. 1940-1949. How to make a timeline? Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania annexed by USSR. The Jews refused to surrender, and the Germans ordered the burning of the ghetto, which lasted until May 16 and killed an estimated 13,000 people. Concise Illustrated History of 1940s Fashion and Style for Women. The Venereal Disease Division is transferred from the U.S. Public Health Service to CDC, bringing two important innovations to CDC’s activities: a grant program and a new kind of employee, The first practical use for the fluorescent antibody technique is utilized in CDC laboratories to research communicable diseases of bacterial origin, During the National Polio Immunization Program, EIS officers trace 260 polio cases to improper vaccine production methods. July 10–October 31: The Battle of Britain raged with Nazi bombings of military bases and London, known as the Blitz. The United States emerged as a world leader during the 1940s. 1949. 7th January » Winter War: The Finnish 9th Division Battle of Raate Road named stops and completely destroys the overwhelming Soviet forces on the Raate-Suomussalmi road. By the 1940s it appears that a general discontent with their conditions was becoming evident among the rural population. Those who were young and in the military were dubbed "The Greatest Generation" by former NBC News anchor Tom Brokaw, and the moniker stuck. May 15: Joe DiMaggio began his 56-game hitting streak, which would end on July 17, with a batting average of .408, 15 home runs, and 55 RBIs. Adolf Hitler's Nazi Germany invaded Poland in September 1939, and the war dominated Europe from that moment until the Nazis surrendered. There was also a movement into urban centres from rural areas. 1940 Hitler invades Norway, Denmark (April 9), the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg (May 10), and France (May 12). 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