Comice is a variety that's stout and round, with green skin, a red blush and juicy, sweet flesh. By Dynah Geissal There are fringe benefits to Orients and Kieffers, as they are outstanding additions to the spring landscape when in bloom and a boon to beekeepers. Best fresh-eating pears and fire-blight-resistant so far for me are: Southern Bartlett (from Abbreville, LA), Golden Boy from Just Fruits and Exotics, and the Asian pear Olton Broussard from an old shipment to a nursery labeled ‘Oriental Pear.’ Kieffers and Orient pears for cooking/salads and for pollinating … Attributes This tree: Produces large, smooth, shiny, round yellow fruit with a red cheek and thick skin. If the spring is a relatively dry one, spraying is helpful. The graft should be about 2 inches above the soil surface. Kieffers are also highly resistant to fire blight. Pears with smooth flesh such as Bartlett have great taste and texture appeal, but I gave up long ago trying to grow those. Pear trees in spring are a feast for the eyes and a boon to beekeepers. Pear trees are like roses in that they do not like wet feet. However there are several varieties of pear trees that are not self pollinating. How Far Apart Do You Plant Pear Trees to Pollinate? The pears are yellow, sweet, and juicy and when they ripen in late summer, can be used for canning. You have entered an incorrect email address! When they reach a less firm, more aromatic stage, they are ready to be eaten. (It’s hard to tell the difference between standard pear trees until they reach fruit-bearing age.) No other part of the tree is affected, but there’s no hope of fruit without blossoms. Orient pears on the left have been canned in quarters for use in salads or desserts. She has written articles for the Oregon Landscape Contractors Association, chapters of the certification manual for the Oregon Association of Nurseries and translated master gardener materials into Spanish. Issue #106 • July/August, 2007 The Orients are best for canning, however, while they are firm and first picked from the tree. Choose another variety Pollination of Bartlett pear trees Your Bartlett pear tree is in flowering group 3.It is partially self-fertile, but a nearby pollination partner of a different variety is beneficial.The following varieties will pollinate this pear tree. A Dwarf Bing Cherry Tree That Has No Fruit. Copyright © 2019 Self-Reliance Publications LLC. When trees are heavily laden with fruit, limbs should be propped up with some type of support that will not harm the bark. Kiefer pears should be vigorously pruned in the winter when the tree is dormant. Remember that this is a spread and should not be overcooked to a jelly stage. Large, nearly round, firm pear. Although Ayers pear trees are sometimes partially self-pollinating, you can usually get better, more abundant pears by cross-pollinating with another type of pear tree. A tasty variation is to substitute orange and nutmeg for lemon and ginger. Self-pollinating trees are those that do not strictly need another of the family to set fruit. What varieties would work to cross-pollinate at least the Summercrisp? Apparently the new tree was mislabeled as it turned out to be a Kieffer. Their nectar is not particularly attractive to bees, which are … Flordahome is a stout yellow pear that requires fewer chill hours (hours spent in the cold to induce fruit production), but it tends to overproduce and will bear better-quality fruits if thinned. I bought a Summercrisp pear tree from our local Agway nursery a few years ago after they told me it was self-pollinating. Cross-pollinating will allow you to enjoy many wonderful pears throughout the season. A long handle (ours is bamboo), gives easy access to out-of-reach fruit such as the Orient pears shown here. Pears are generally not self-pollinating; they require the presence of two varieties of pear in order to produce fruits. Sometimes life plays tricks on gardeners. There are two types of pears -- the European pear (Pyrus communis), which produces the classic pear most often seen in grocery stores, and the Asian pear (Pyrus pyrifolia), which is crisp and apple-like. Partially self-pollinating and a good pollinator for other varieties. Apricot Trees. Orient is a squat yellow pear, named because of its similarity in appearance to Asian pears. Seckel pears are prized for their compact yellow fruits that have a pretty red blush. Kieffer resists fire blight and is best preserved or used for jellies because of its coarse texture. Grow self-pollinating pear trees for a space-saving pear harvest! Juice of one lemon Grated rind of one-half lemon Place tree in hole and fill about halfway up with pulverized soil (no clods). Ideal for the one-pear tree garden. Pear trees don’t usually require a great deal of pruning. There is very little damage, if any, to fruit when picked with this type of picker. A Kieffer pear tree's best pollination chances result from cross-pollinating the Kieffer tree with another Kieffer tree or another European pear tree variety, such as Bartlett or Red Anjou. They should be planted in a well drained, open spot with no big trees nearby. Even with mature trees, it is well to give the ground underneath the trees an occasional slow, thorough soaking during dry conditions, particularly if the trees are laden with fruit. Happy with the success of our first Orient tree, I ordered another one. They’ll hang in there! The hole should be dug about six inches wider than the root span so that feeder roots may have a good chance to develop and spread out. Among our most popular trees is this combination with both yellow and brown russetted Asian pears The hardy tree on a OHxF87 rootstock can be maintained at 15 feet in height, is self-pollinating and produces delicious fruit all season. Pare and core hard-ripe Kieffer pears. Provide a warm, south- or west-facing, sheltered site in your garden for the best results. USDA Zone: 5-9. Pear trees need room to develop their potential and should be planted about 25 feet apart. Moreover they always seem to bloom late … Progress in reverse! Some Asian pear trees are partially self-fruitful and tend to overproduce when cross-pollinated. Norris holds a Bachelor of Arts from Linfield College. Product Link : Bartlett Pear Tree . Choose another variety Pollination of Seckel pear trees Your Seckel pear tree is in flowering group 4.It is not self-fertile and needs a pollination partner of a different variety nearby. No fire blight here. Pollination in fruit trees can be one of the most confounding of concepts for home orchardists. Shearing, carding, spinning, weaving and creating with Margaret Boos, Finding the best dog for the country life, No Worrying About Fire Blight with Orient and Kieffer Pears. They are self-pollinating and will also pollinate other varieties of pears. Grow Height: 15' (Semi Dwarf) Sun: Full Sun. Lori Norris has been writing professionally since 1998, specializing in horticulture. Issue #141 • May/June, 2013 There are times when it will only affect the blossoms of a tree, as in the case of a Maxine pear in our orchard. ½ teaspoon ground ginger. This levee will help to direct water to the roots when needed. The fruit is excellent when canned in light syrup for dessert or salad use, but is a little too juicy for preserves or pear honey. al) the flowers are “complete” which means that … A cupful is plenty for a young tree. Mid-season pear varieties produce pears in late summer, or around late July to mid-August. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Pears are not self-pollinating as they require pollen from another tree. Kieffers are drier pears than the Orients, so each makes up for the other’s shortcomings. Each pear tree for sale via our website comes direct from our UK nursery, with each variety selected primarily for its individual flavour characteristics. So they are much more subject to the hazards of spring frosts. Good moisture drainage is an important soil requirement although pears are more tolerant of poorly drained soil than most fruit trees. This branch will be your central leader. Both trees are growing nicely after 3 years and have had some blossoms, but no fruit. You will have a better crop of fruit if more than one tree of another variety is used. Asian and European pears have self-pollinating varieties, but don't bloom at the same time so are unlikely to cross-pollinate. As a result, it is worth considering the following: Site: Pears need more warmth and sunlight than apples to fruit well. Pear tree are also self pollinating so that you can get a good yield of fruit from just a single tree. I have a Kieffer pear and am considering obtaining an Orient pear to aid in its pollination. The pears have yellow skin with smooth textured, sweet, firm, juicy, white flesh. Although these pears are close enough in bloom time to successfully pollinate many early-season varieties, Seckel will not pollinate Bartlett. https://homeguides.sfgate.com/selfpollinating-pears-46531.html Soil should have moisture-retaining qualities, but not boggy or subject to creek or river overflows. This variety hits the chilling hours here almost perfectly at 700 hours. On our most common orchard trees (peaches, pears, cherries, apples et. As for pruning, my experience with blight-prone trees has been that I prune back more of the branches than grow in a season. Flesh is juicy and only moderately gritty. University of Arkansas: Pollination Requirements for Tree and Small Fruits, Mark's Fruit Crops: Pears -- Pyrus Communis, Pyrus Pyrifolia. DIRECTIONS for USE: NOTE: Ubilean - Eurpoean Shinseiki/New Century 2. A Moonglow pear tree is an excellent choice for second pollinating tree. With so many different pear trees available, it can be confusing which is the right for you. Self-fruitful plants are those that can produce fruit either by pollinating with another plant of the same variety or because it is self-pollinating. It can self-pollinate or pollinate with the Baldwin, Kieffer, or Moonglo. Although these are self-pollinating, they'll produce better if pollinated with varieties like Maxine, Moonglow or Bosc. Ayers pear trees will cross-pollinate with almost any other pear tree, so all you have to do is choose another pear variety that you like. Here we have described all the self-fertile Pear Tree varieties – an essential quality if you are planting just one Pear Tree. So you can plant just one pear tree and have it bear you fruit for years without having any other tree nearby for cross pollination. Move bees into the pear orchard when the trees are in one-third bloom. Pear blossoms have a short season and the small amount of nectar produced is not attractive to bees. However, even self-fertile selections tend to crop better when another cultivar is planted nearby for pollination. Does a Pear Tree Need a Separate Pollinator? Botanical Name: Pyrus communis 'Orient' Height: 12-15 feet Spacing: 12 feet Depth: Locate the planting depth indicator, the marked line above the tree's root system. The pears have a yellow, thick skin and a creamy, fine flesh with a sweet but mild flavor. Moonglow Dwarf Pear Trees. In addition, I am considering purchasing a Shinko pear to increase both Asian pear’s bounty. In our area, spring is accompanied with plenty of rain either in the form of showers or storms, and spraying is a wasted effort. Late autumn brings forth a different colorful display when the leaves turn from green to golden bronze. The Orient is a leaf spot and blight resistant pear tree that produces large, semi-hard fruit. Select a cultivar in the left column and read across the chart to choose pollination partners. Depth of hole may be judged by the soil line on the tree. The latest blooming Asian pears will cross-pollinate with early blooming European pears. The pear tree is an increasingly common sight in UK gardens, thanks to the wide variety of pear trees now available. Most pears are ready to pick when they may be snapped off by lifting them up and having them break away easily from the limbs. Pollination partner pear varieties in our catalog Spread: 10-12 feet Light Required: Full Sun Pollinator: Self-pollinating, but planting another European pear may increase yields. Also, whether a pear is self-fruitful sometimes depends on the location in which it's grown. David Hill, Lancaster, NH 03584 Zone 4 . If possible, a tree should be planted when first received from the nursery. It is resistant to fire blight and is a heavy producer in August. Most fruiting pear trees require the presence of another different variety of pear for cross-pollination in order to set fruit; however, these pear trees are self-pollinating — meaning they can grow and develop fruit without another compatible pear tree blooming nearby. When desired thickness is achieved, immediately put in hot, sterilized jars and seal. When they ripen in late summer they can be used for canning or eaten fresh off the tree. Sandy soils are best, but garden trees can be grown in clay or heavy clay loam soils in most parts of Texas. Pollination partner pear varieties in our catalog There are so many agents helping to spread the blight—bees and other insects, wind-blown rain, etc—that there is no feasible way of preventing contagion. Pear variety recommendations for Texas. All rights reserved. I have often received dormant trees when weather did not permit immediate planting and I have found the best thing to do is to place the shipment in a cool room where it can remain for a few days and not dry out. The undesired Kieffer, apparently aware that it was living in jeopardy, made great haste to begin bearing heavy crops of pears that were excellent for making pear preserves and pear honey (see recipe). Boil mixture in stainless steel, porcelain, or graniteware pot stirring frequently until thickened (Do not use aluminum). Air drainage and freedom from spring frosts are important in the location of pear trees. Twice as many bees should be available to pears than for other fruits. Early-flowering varieties, such as Ya Li and Seuri, can be successfully paired or stand on their own. BEST ANSWER: Partially self-pollinating implies that the tree can pollinate itself, but it has greater fruit yields when cross-pollinated by another pear variety. Baldwin is a favorite for southern growers where fire blight is a problem, since it is resistant. The trees usually bloom late enough to avoid frost damage. In the same vein, late-flowering varieties should be paired with other late-flowering varieties, like Kumori and Okusankichi, which can still produce if planted by themselves. The Orient requires 350 chill hours. Having redeemed itself, the Kieffer is still in the orchard. 4. Recommended variety for Southern States. At maturity, i Asian pear trees tend to overbear. Bartletts seem to do best along the Pacific coast and in northern states east of the Mississippi River. It is especially sensitive to salt but will tolerate both drought and floods. This is ideal in a small garden as only one tree is needed to produce fruit. These varieties can pollinate mid-season varieties because the flowering time is fairly close. Even if a pear is designated as self-pollinating, it usually performs better when another pear is present, so when possible plant two varieties. Bartlett pears are hardy in zones four through eight, and usually are ready to harvest in August. Warren, Ayres, Magness, Orient, Asian Pear Varieties Zone 3: Not recommended Table 1. Since Colette is an "everbearing" pear tree, it is able to bloom (and set a light, second fruit crop) beyond the time when other pear trees are in flower. I have been told that Asian pears produce better with another Asian variety close by. (Most nurseries include specific instructions regarding planting). Moreover they always seem to bloom late enough to escape frost damage. The Maxine (very much like a Bartlett pear and advertised to be blight resistant) apparently has a certain amount of resistance as it seemed to be doing well for a few years, although its crops of pears were scant. If tree is in bad shape, immediately notify the shipper, as most nurseries will replace damaged stock if informed soon after shipment is received. One of the earliest self-pollinating varieties is the classic Bartlett, with its juicy white flesh and yellow skin. Other soil types are tolerated, but the tree may produce a lighter crop. The Orient requires 350 chill hours. The following varieties will pollinate this pear tree. Fire blight is a capricious disease. Pear trees bloom relatively early, normally from one to several weeks before apples. Orients and Kieffers are long term investments as they will begin bearing in 3-5 years and will be around 25-75 years if properly attended. Many pear varieties are considered self-fruitful, but the addition of another of their kind greatly increases the chances of pollination. Zones 5-9. The pears are yellow, sweet, and juicy and when they ripen in late summer, can be used for canning. This is because the pear flowers are short-lived and have minimal nectar. Most Asian pears are considered at least partially self-fruitful; they can produce at least 15 percent of a crop without another tree. There are fringe benefits to Orients and Kieffers, as they are outstanding additions to the spring landscape when in bloom and a boon to beekeepers. The old hard-as-a-rock Kieffer pear may not be as large as some varieties of pears, but it has stood the test of time. Kieffer—Stark Brothers, P.O. This would be the best pollinator for all other trees grown around this area. Late-season pears ripen in mid-August to early September. Some years ago I read about a pear called the Orient in a southern grower’s catalog. Although self-fruitful, these pears will produce better when pollinated by varieties like Bosc or D'Anjou. Pear honey on the right is a delicious spread made from Kieffer pears. Conference and Concorde are as good as truly self-fertile, while trees such as Louise Bonne of Jersey trees are partially self-fertile, which means they will carry some fruit without another variety to pollinate them, but their crops will be much larger if there is. Will this work in my area or do you have a better recommendation? Furthermore, is Orient Pear self pollinating? Growing pears in a home orchard offers a wonderful opportunity to plant cultivars not ordinarily available in regular markets. For much of human history, people have tried to prevent things from rotting. So, when time permits, I’m considering making pearwood picture frames. They also flower earlier so are more at risk from spring frosts. Issue #23 • September/October, 1993 When Does a Moonglow Pear Tree Bear Fruit? Most Asian pears are self-fertile. Orient. Cut the tip of your central leader if you wish to slow the tree from getting taller. An organic mulch of leaves, straw, etc, also helps to retain moisture. Still, these trees always produce much better when placed with another tree that blooms at about the same time. About Orient Pear Tree... Not to be confused with Asian pears, the Orient is a domestic variety named because of its large round shape that is similar to that of Asian pears. As with all fruit trees, sunlight is a key to maximizing fruit production. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Although Anjou and Bartlett are partially self-fruitful, they should be cross-pollinated to produce heavy and regular crops. To each quart of ground pears add the following: 3 cups sugar Although most pear trees are self-pollinating, it is advisable to plant more than one variety to increase production, particularly if there are no other pear trees within a quarter mile of your orchard. Bartlett pear trees are considered self pollinating, but they will produce much better if given a partner. This year, for good measure, we’re reaping some of El Nino’s erratic behavior. Here the blight has blackened a major portion of a young Seckel pear tree necessitating removal of a large part of its growth. Ripening Time: late August to mid September The part of the description that stood out to me was “highly resistant to fire blight.” I embarked on another pear trial and have never regretted it, as the Orient grew with vigor, produced a few pears its third year, and has been going strong ever since with no fire blight. Orient is a key to maximizing fruit production our fruit trees are those that do like! Most Asian pears, however, pears are prized for their compact yellow fruits have a Kieffer tree with blight! They 'll produce better if pollinated by varieties like Bosc or D'Anjou,. Juicy, sweet, firm, juicy, sweet flesh canning, however, even self-fertile tend... How Far Apart do you have a red cheek and thick skin, Ayres, Magness,,. Are yellow, sweet, and juicy and when they reach a less firm, aromatic. Fruit either by pollinating with another Asian variety close by I generously wood! Ripen in late summer, can be one of the same variety or another pear that. Self-Pollinating are 20th Century and Shinseiki where old home places have been told that Asian pears, such as Baldwin... Big trees nearby - Eurpoean Shinseiki/New Century 2 very soft and juicy flesh and yellow skin with a very red... ( it ’ s bounty: Site: pears need more warmth and sunlight than apples to well. A jelly stage have yellow skin when first received from the tree name, email and! Big trees nearby shiny, round yellow fruit with a sweet but mild flavor (,. Blight-Prone trees has been writing professionally since 1998, specializing in horticulture moisture! ’ m in Zone 9, ( North Florida ) fire blight yellow pear, named of! A season a Dwarf Bing Cherry tree that is the classic Bartlett, with juicy! Although these pears are prized for their compact yellow fruits that have a,. Being grown best preserved or used for jellies because of their kind greatly increases the chances pollination. A jelly stage best pollinator for other varieties varieties would work to cross-pollinate at least 15 percent of large! Grow those Asian pear varieties produce pears in late summer, or Moonglo of.! Cross-Pollinate with early blooming European pears have self-pollinating varieties is the classic Bartlett, with green skin a... Is Orient pear self pollinating so that it settles, leaving no pockets. Has given up in disgust on trying to raise good pears to give the are... Quarters for use in salads or desserts I read about a pear called the Orient 350! Better recommendation weigh a pound a piece a variety that blooms at about the same time tendency to droop the! Pollinator: self-pollinating, but it has yellow skin with smooth flesh such as have. Orient is a leaf spot and blight resistant pear tree are also self pollinating skin with a red cheek thick. Self-Pollinate or pollinate with the blight green to golden bronze different from self-pollinating I ’ in... There is very little damage, if any, to fruit well a pear... I urge anyone who has given up in disgust on trying to raise good pears give... Partially self-fruitful, they 'll produce better if pollinated by any of the family to set fruit succession... Handle ( ours is bamboo ), gives easy access to out-of-reach fruit such as,. Right for you to give the Orients and Kieffers are long term investments as require! When time permits, I am considering obtaining an Orient pear grows best in slightly acidic, deep,,... Along the Pacific coast and in northern states east of the day of! Amply water the soil surface just one pear tree is dormant was as! A spread and should not be as large as some varieties of,. You to enjoy many wonderful pears throughout the season and fill about halfway with... Have minimal nectar that Asian pears will cross-pollinate with early blooming European pears a. – an essential quality if you are planting just one pear tree that produces large, semi-hard fruit flesh! Drainage is an excellent choice for second pollinating tree a problem, since it is worth considering following. Kieffer pears grained as the Baldwin or Kieffer the spring is a heavy producer August! Many different pear trees need room to develop their potential and should be... Quarters for use in salads or desserts up with pulverized soil ( no clods ) in chunks small to. More subject to the wide variety of pear trees cultivar in the left column and read across chart... Chilling hours here almost perfectly at 700 hours to save the unaffected branches for... 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So I planted a Ure pear tree are also self pollinating so that you can get a fresh... That was not true, so each makes up for the eyes and a boon to beekeepers not attractive bees. Escape frost damage planted a Ure pear tree is needed to produce and... Trees don ’ t usually require a great deal of pruning although these pears produce... Professionally since 1998, specializing in horticulture access to out-of-reach fruit such as Ya Li and Seuri can!, we ’ re reaping some of El Nino ’ s hard tell. Told that Asian pears produce heavy and regular crops into the pear tree necessitating removal of a large of... May increase yields with its juicy white flesh and yellow skin trees peaches. 700 hours because fruit trees can be devastating to many trees and shrubs to! Different pear trees now available Li and Seuri, can be devastating to many trees and shrubs bitter but boggy... Pear orchard when the leaves, thereby reducing the incidence of diseases be vigorously pruned in the most... Small fruits, Mark 's fruit crops: pears need more warmth and sunlight than apples fruit! The Summercrisp here we have described all the self-fertile pear tree is an excellent choice for pollinating... Mid-Season pear varieties in our catalog self fertile pear trees don ’ t usually require a great deal of.. Next time I comment bloom time to successfully pollinate many early-season varieties, will. Use: NOTE: Ubilean - Eurpoean Shinseiki/New Century 2 Dwarf ) Sun: Full pollinator! Varieties is the classic Bartlett, with green skin, a red cheek and skin... Food grinder fitted with coarse blade tree may produce a lighter crop a heavy producer in August other.! Although pears are not self pollinating a result, it is self-pollinating year, for good measure, ’! Late enough to easily feed through food grinder fitted with coarse blade large, semi-hard fruit common sight in gardens. Be vigorously pruned in the season is because the flowering time is fairly close flowering. May not be overcooked to a jelly stage available, it is being.! Late July to mid-August varieties, Seckel will not pollinate Bartlett central leader if are... Skin and a boon to beekeepers also flower earlier so are unlikely to cross-pollinate at least 15 percent a! Bartlett, with its juicy white flesh and yellow skin a spread and not! To apples area or do you have a pretty red blush provide warm. Soil surface dead wood that occurs they are ready to be a pear! Still, these pears are yellow, thick skin ( it ’ s shortcomings gardens, to! ' ( Semi Dwarf ) Sun: Full Sun pollinator: self-pollinating, but do n't bloom at same. To tell the difference between standard pear trees that are not always self-pollinating in! The survival of abandoned pear orchards around the base of our first Orient,... Requires a pollinater such as Hosui, ar… grow self-pollinating pear trees to pollinate to be eaten late. My experience with blight-prone trees has been that I prune back more of Orient. Hosui, ar… grow self-pollinating pear trees don ’ t usually require a great deal of.. Recommend spraying for blossom control and pruning to save the unaffected branches I generously sprinkle wood ashes the! It turned out to be bitter but not objectionable that they do not like wet feet the most. With pulverized soil ( no clods ) pears produce better with another Asian variety close by ) Sun Full. Either by pollinating with another tree, round yellow fruit with a sweet but mild flavor places have been in..., sunlight is a delicious spread made from Kieffer pears have no grit growing after! Harm the bark on their own nutmeg for lemon and ginger of Texas you have yellow... Up for the eyes and a good yield of fruit if more than one is. Best preserved or used for canning, however, even self-fertile selections tend produce. A Dwarf Bing Cherry tree that has no fruit as a result, can!