``` . It is very informative and useful for an aspiring guitarist like me from India. A B C D E F … Check out this comparison between the A natural minor and the C major scales below: These scales are actually the same! backing tracks designed for the aeolian mode. So for example, the A in A natural minor could start on any of the A’s above or below the C of the C major your looking at. After covering harmonising the chords of the major and natural minor scale, this use of the dominant 7th in a minor key would be the next topic covered. Minor scales provide a change in scenery from their major counterparts, however they are related in more ways than you might think. From Eb, a whole step takes us to F. Another whole step takes us to G. From G, we go up a half step to Ab. The A minor scale is called the relative minor scale of the C major scale. Use the formula T – S – T – T – S – T – THarmonic minors: 1. are the same ascending and descending 2. Thanks for your dedication for this wonderful website. You seem to have a fantastic understanding of the guitar and music theory. SUPER IMPORTANT QUESTION! The relative minor is not always the same as the natural minor. List of all Natural Minor Scales There are 12 natural minor scales. By altering these notes we also change the intervals which make up the scale. A major scale is 1-2-3-4-5-6-7. First Thank you for your post. In the Natural minor scale the V (5) chord is a minor chord (Gmin7, G Bb D F, in the key of C). I will cover both melodic and harmonic minor scales in later lessons once you have the proper foundation knowledge. Here's the one for the natural minor scale: And here's what the C natural minor scale looks like: If you're looking at the formula for the natural minor scale above and thinking to yourself “I've seen this before” then you're on to something! I’ll try and clear up any confusion here. The natural minor scale that uses all 7 sharps is A# natural minor. Just think of the harmonic minor being used for it's harmonic functions. Additionally, as metal has a definite “neo-classical” influence, you can often see say the harmonic minor scale there. But beyond that, there’s need to learn how to transpose the natural minor scale … Here are a couple questions that I need clarifications about. So how does this all come together? The formula your looking at is not a set way to construct the relative minor of a major scale. Great observation about the 5th of Autumn Leaves. We have highlighted the root notes (your starting note) for each of the keys in blue for the major scale, and red for the minor scale. Also known as the Aeolian mode. The scale can be formed by using the same notes as a major scale, but starting and ending the scale on the 6th degree of the major scale, and considering this 6th degree as the root. The difference lies in the 3rd degree of the scale. In terms of the octave, it is best to look at scales and this sort of theory as independent of the octave the notes are played in. Natural minor In order to create a natural minor scale, we simply start with the major scale and lower the 3rd, 6th, and 7th scale degrees by a half-step. This does not acagree with the Natural, Melodic nor the Harmonic Minor Scales. The combination of tones and semitones that form the scale are as follows: Natural Minor Scale = Tone – Semitone – Tone – Tone – Semitone – Tone – Tone, Guitar Positions for the Natural Minor Scale. To guide you, here are the minor scales in every key: C = C - D - Eb - F - … The CAGED system breaks the neck into 5 different positions. Natural Minor Scale Formula The Natural Minor Scale is easy to remember because it is the relative minor scale to the major scale a third higher. I see that in natural minor scale, 5th degree is must to be minor 7th. What I recommend is to take a look at the Guitar Scales section of my site and there you will see the six most common scales, each presented in their two most common positions. Thus, if I were to make a normal C note in A Minor, it would be one octave above the first C Note in the C Major Scale. The use of the dominant 7th gives the chord a greater feeling of wanting to resolve to the i chord. What’s the difference between CAGED system and the system that you teach here? That is, if you flatten the 3rd, 6th and 7th degree of a major scale, you have the natural minor scale with the same root. A tone = a whole Step or two keys on the piano. For the position where you have root under the first finger on the 4th string, the pattern would also start on the first finger as well. However, it would seem that they do not ALL share the same octave. In a recent article, “Beginner’s Guide to the Minor Scale,” I wrote about the natural minor scale, the theory behind the scale, reviewed the major/minor relationship, covered the minor scale formula and introduced 5 must-know patterns. I always recommend starting with the two positions with the root note under the first finger on the 6th or 5th string. For variety, I'll use Bass clef. The name notes on the major scale include a natural minor scale, with the exception that it is created from the sixth note on the major scale. I want a guitar on major and minor keys of A,B,C,D,E,F&G. So, would you help my understanding as to relationships of music scales to octaves. The lesson could not be displayed because JavaScript is disabled. Other minor scales such as the dorian mode or the Phrygian mode are not really the relative minor of the major scale as they are not formed from the 6th degree of the major scale. The melodic minor scale, as it's name implies, is used mainly in melodic lines. 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