He was Singapore’s first prime minister and the architect of the small Southeast Asian city-state’s spectacular ascent from a British tropical outpost with no natural resources to a global trade and financial center, and one of the world’s wealthiest countries on a per capita basis. This can be a start of what should be a part of a wider strategy to cut down corruption. They cut their budget deficits which brought inflation under control. TRANSCRIPT OF THE PRIME MINISTER, MR LEE KUAN YEW'S SPEECH AT THE POLITICAL STUDY CENTRE ON 16TH AUGUST, 1964, IN CONNECTION WITH THE SEMINAR ON "THE CONCEPT OF DEMOCRACY" ORGANISED BY THE JOINT COMMITTEE FOR RADIO COURSES. They should undertake this vital job as their national duty. Three victims, two university students and one businessman, have been killed. But whatever the misfortunes of the past, if a fresh start is made, the future can be better. 25. Document … W hen I was in my teens I heard about a political study. And Filipinos cannot blame others for it. An example of a powerful vested interest that has to be tackled was reported in Asiaweek, 21 August 1992, the Philippines Long Distance Telephone Company which has had a monopoly for 64 years. Lee Kuan Yew 1966 First National Day Rally - Hokkien Speech Politicians revelled in democracy, and its freedoms, freedom of speech, freedom of the press, and for those in office, the freedom to wheel and deal. He has asked Congress to reintroduce the death penalty for kidnapping, rape and murder. In that same Asiaweek magazine was another article entitled “Kidnappers in Uniform?”: “Police Brig-Gen Raul Imperial counts more than 50 kidnappings last year, netting $7.6 million in ransoms. If I were a Filipino, I would count my blessings and start in a positive frame of mind. 10. Rigoberto Tiglao wrote in the Review, “, 22. If the president carries through his liberalising of trade and investment regulations he will generate a new momentum in economic activities. President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo tried to pick up where President Ramos left off by attempting once more a much more comprehensive set of constitutional reforms that included (1) Opening the economy to foreign investors by removing the anti-FDI constitutional restrictions, (2) shifting to a Evolving and gradualist form of Federalism, and (3) shifting to the Parliamentary System and again, she too was demonized by Philippine Mass Media with all kinds of false accusations and falsehoods thrown at her and the reform initiative. Women are equal to men in intellectual capacity.” “Societies which do not educate and use half their potential because they are women are those which will be the worse off.” Speech at … The experience of Malaysia, Thailand and Indonesia is especially relevant. That was because corruption was … Kidnappings of local Chinese have increased. 17. The question I ask is: 5. This restored confidence in their currencies. Banking activities have increased and the stock market is upbeat. Malays were assured by Mr Lee Kuan Yew last night that they did not need to worry about the arrival of Hongkongers who migrate there … As the Hongkongers would be coming in as employment pass holders each earning at least $1,500 a month, he said that … The president will have to show political skill and courage to cut a way through the conflicting interests of businessmen and the people. 13. The Philippines is immensely better off compared to Afghanistan or Lebanon or Sri Lanka. Even Vietnam will overtake the Philippines. The first task is to restore law and order. When I received your invitation to speak, I hesitated in accepting. Foreign investors would not have gone into Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia if they had not got their macro-economic policies right. A founding member of the People's Action Party, He is credited as transforming Singapore from a third world country to a first. The London Economist, July 4, 1992, said: “, 6. Filipinos should not tolerate a slower pace of liberalisation than what their ASEAN partners have achieved, especially Thailand and Malaysia and now Indonesia. And you will notice that since the Vietnam War and the Great Society for some 28 years ago, the US system has not functioned even for the United States. They wanted a weak executive president. It was politics enjoyed for its own sake. They wrote the constitution in 1787 and ratified it in 1789. I knew Filipino politics in the Marcos era as rumbustious. They allowed 100% direct foreign investments. Being true to himself was one of the many strengths of Lee Kuan Yew. 2. Singapore — A speech that founding Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew made in 2003 on an outbreak of Sars in the country is being widely shared online. One daily recently suggested that relatives of kidnap victims ask police how much the ransom is. It is possible to weed out corruption provided the top political leaders must set the example and the pace. Sen. Enrile Solidly Supports Parliamentarism, Federalism in Africa: The Case of Ethiopia – Challenges & Prospects, KITT vs KARR: Systems & Algorithms Matter. 32. But events left an indelible mark on him. It is good that there will be a bill in the House to increase the salaries of government workers by some 500 to 1,250 pesos a month from 1 January 1993. Indonesia, with a lower per capita income level than the Philippines, had a national savings rate of 33% in the last five years. The question I ask is: Can the next six years be better than the past six? If government workers are adequately paid, they deserved to be punished with severe penalties when they take bribes. All these three have been torn apart by strife and war, and the contending factions are still killing each other inflicting more damage on their countries instead of repairing the harm done. An example of a powerful vested interest that has to be tackled was reported in Asiaweek, 21 August 1992, the Philippines Long Distance Telephone Company which has had a monopoly for 64 years. Two or three big fish brought to justice successfully, will have a salutary effect on everyone. 4. President Ramos has started to clean up the police and the military. Polls aren’t just for Metro Manila: Why Federalism? A little less conversation, a little more action please. Chicken or the Egg: Culture Change or System Change? — Lee Kuan Yew, Interview with Hirotsugu Koike, Nihon Keizai Shimbun, December 20th, 1990. Some Filipinos wrongly took exception to this in the 1990s, but starting in the late 2000s, Lee Kuan Yew’s wisdom had become much more popular among Filipinos after years and years of mediocre economic progress resulting from our country’s inability to move over to much better ways of doing things. Election campaigns were colourful and entertaining. 2 Filipinos: A Football Legend & A Spanish Prime Minister, Sen. Claro M. Recto on the Presidential System, Crowdsourced Malolos-Style Proposed Constitution, Read This Before Registering to this Site, Dismissing Gridlock: A Case for Parliamentary Systems, How I Came to the Conclusion that the Phils Needs Constitutional Reform, Parliamentary Systems Offer Better Representation, The Anti-People Constitution (from PhilStar), Chan Robles' Copy of the 1987 Constitution, The Parable of the Good Father and National Five-Year Plans, Please read this first before registering. How will the Government pay for its COVID-19 Expenses? It was his leadership that transformed Singapore from a third world country into a thriving metropolitan city in just three decades. The big problem is that taxes especially income taxes are not collected. Filipinos are fluent in English, and the use of English is widespread. The fundamentals of our foreign policy were forged during those vulnerable early years. But a developing country faced with disorder and underdevelopment needs a strong honest government. Products were poor and growth was slow because there were monopolies and no competition. (09/18/1947 - 12/04/1981). The late Lee Kuan Yew gave a speech at the Ritz Carlton Hotel in Singapore on April 25, 2003, after he pressed on by gracing the occasion with his attendance. Constitutional Reform First before claiming Sabah! Rigoberto Tiglao in the Far Eastern Economic Review 3 September 1992, wrote: “, 15. To bring myself up to date, I asked for the latest press reports on the Philippines. This problem must be put right urgently. There is already legislation to allow B.O.T. President Estrada tried to get rid of the anti-FDI and 60/40 restrictions, and he got ousted not long after he first talked about these reforms. There will be no foreign military presence to conscribe the growth of the Filipino nation. Third : Build up your infrastructure, like power stations, roads and communications, either in partnership with or completely by the private sector. It’s about time we finally learned best practices from them which they have been more than willing to share. Next, Filipino savings must and can be raised. Asia-Pacific region in the new geopolitical context Lee Kuan Yew (1990). Covering Date: 16/08/1964. TOM RODRIGUEZ is a solid Constitutional Reform advocate! Unless these kidnappings stop, most investors will stay away. Why are the Monsods so anti-Constitutional Reform? From the 1950s to the 70s, their policies were like those of the Philippines. Singapore is a country that used to be poor and third world just like us. The Ramos Administration has started deregulation and liberalisation. March 23, 2016, marks the first death anniversary of Singapore’s founding father and long-serving Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew. Federalism & Decentralization: Evaluating Africa’s Track Record, Evolving Federalism & Region-based Decentralization, Useful Information on the Parliamentary System, Video Gallery: Human Costs of Economic Protectionism, The Filipino First Policy caused the Philippines to Fail, Marina Bay Sands is One Big Foreign Direct Investment, Lee Kuan Yew talks about the Failure of Maoism and Deng Xiaoping’s shift towards Capitalism, Why FDI & Economic Liberalization are necessary, The Difference Between OFW Remittances versus FDI, Philippine Progress: Shift in Sport, Shift in System, Parliamentary Systems are Less Prone to Corruption, Claro M. Recto on the Presidential System. It starts with having a core group of united leaders with strong morality and integrity at the top of the government. 15. ‘, 8. 3. But they must not lead to a paralysis of government. He is known for his political pragmatism in his governance of Singapore but has been criticised for his authoritarian and sterile policies.. Lee was elected prime minister of Singapore for 31 years, making him the longest … Why Do So Many Filipinos Misunderstand System Change? The tariff barriers had been a major element of an intricate web of regulations that have shackled Philippine entrepreneurs and only nurtured the favoured few cartels and monopolies, from banking and telecommunications to shipping – who have thrived through their privileged access to licenses, franchises and concessional loans.”, 16. They estimate industries could lose 20 billion pesos during this three-month period. In 1991 Mount Pinatubo erupted. My remarks today are based on published reports. In conclusion, I hope I have provoked you, the business and government establishment of the Philippines, into setting your priorities for getting your act together so that you can achieve your potential. The result: “The joke in the Philippines is that 98% of the population are waiting for a telephone, and the other 2% for a dial tone. Lee Kuan Yew: Hard Truths to Keep Singapore Going (2011). 24. I believe that what a country needs to develop is discipline more than democracy” were taken. Rizal the Federalist; Bonifacio the Unitarian, The Parliamentary System can fix Philippine Politics. It has to be systematic with a publicly announced timetable during which the protective barriers enjoyed by the industrial and the services sectors will be dismantled, and foreign competitors allowed in. The legislature and the executive must showed the world that they are determined to reimpose discipline and control in the police and military the key bodies for order and stability. If the next six years are wasted, the Philippines will lag even further behind. Noynoy Aquino clearly was not interested in making any amendments at all, even if several of his own party mates tried to introduce reforms akin to those of Estrada which were focused solely on the economic aspect of removing the anti-FDI restrictions in the Constitution. In this speech, Lee Kuan Yew had clearly given solid bits of advice to the audience as well as to all Filipinos, and it is this particular speech from whence the famous words “ I do not believe that democracy necessarily leads to development. In the nature of an economic recovery, there cannot be instant dramatic reversal. Almost a quarter of the country’s export earnings go to service a foreign debt of $29 billion; over a tenth of the workforce is unemployed; and inflation which averaged 19% last year, is still running at an annual rate of around 9%. Lee Kuan Yew is considered the founding father of modern Singapore. We and our partners will store and/or access information on your device through the use of cookies and similar technologies, to display personalised ads and content, for ad and content measurement, audience insights and product development. If the Philippines stick to old policies, because vested interests are too powerful to overturn, then Filipinos will continue to lag further and further behind her ASEAN neighbours. Mr Lee did not set out to be a politician, let alone a statesman, as a boy. (Build, Own, Operate) B.O.P.S. In this story we’ll talk about how Lee defined leadership and chose leaders. Rigoberto Tiglao wrote in the Review, “It has become obvious to economists now that the ‘nationalist industrialisation’ rhetoric has benefited only a group of inefficient oligarchs – including some heading US-owned firms – from beer brewing to soap manufacturing to appliance assembly. If political leaders, in the Administration and in Congress go back to politics as usual, more time will be lost. I believe that what a country needs to develop is discipline more than democracy” were taken. (Build, Open Profit Sharing) can also work, so that the infrastructure projects especially roads, telecommunication and industrial estates can be done quickly when public funds are short. Rigoberto Tiglao in the Far Eastern Economic Review 3 September 1992, wrote: “There were two waves of Japanese capital investment, both driven by the yen’s strengthening: in 1985 and then in 1987. 26. Speech by former Minister Mentor Lee Kuan Yew and current Senior Advisor to Government of Singapore Investment Corporation at the Ford Theatre's Abraham Lincoln Medal Award Ceremony in Washington DC on 18 October 2011 Mr Wayne Reynolds, Chairman of Ford's Theatre Mrs Catherine Reynolds, Chairman and CEO of The Catherine B. Reynolds Foundation What do they get for that? Every Filipino knows the other ASEAN countries have overtaken the Philippines. Second : Concentrate on economics not politics or more accurately, politicking . 8. There must be a cleanup of racketeers in the police, whether for kidnappings or other crimes. None has shown greater insight, imagination and creativity than Lee Kuan Yew.” — Henry Kissenger, August 2nd, 2011. 21. To bring myself up to date, I asked for the latest press reports on the Philippines. Filipinos have no empty, wealthy continent to make them rich. And people must be prepared to work to make these hard decisions stick. The nation has only a little more than a million phones for 62 million people. Many checks and balances have been written into the constitution to guard against the abuse of power that had happened with Marcos. Therefore investors fear that the Government cannot control future budget deficits and inflation. If the Ramos Administration can make ordinary Filipinos understand that politics is not simply elections with singing, fiestas and giveaways, but that it is about their lives, jobs and wages, homes, schools, hospitals, the situation can change dramatically. The president in his State of the Nation Address has declared that he would pump-prime the economy; that his priorities are the construction of infrastructure, communications and transportation, water supply, power generation; that in trade and foreign investment that he is for more aggressive liberalisation policies. The Centre for Research and Communications predicts that in the dry summer months, brown-outs could last as long as eight hours a day in Metro Manila and Luzon. Since the swearing-in of President Ramos, there have been positive signs for the future. They will put pressure on Congress to clean up their act, to demolish barriers which are depriving Filipinos of the progress enjoyed by their neighbours. Further, if it cannot raise tax revenues, it will be unable to put in place the necessary infrastructure. I know the Papal … 7. Indonesia therefore achieved a much higher investment rate of 36% compared to the Philippines’ 20%. One problem is the Philippines has an American-style constitution, one of the most difficult to operate in the world. In fact, his grandfather wanted him to become an English gentleman! In an earlier story I talked about Lee Kuan Yew‘s top down approach to overcoming corruption in a nation. Lift restrictions on trade and investment. Here the omens are less good. In the second period, the kidnapping of a Japanese executive in the Philippines, which took six months to settle, was enough to abort more Japanese investment plans.” He went on: “The country lost nearly a decade of growth, and as a result, faces so many problems that some people, even some Filipinos, have started to believe that there is a deep-seated self-destructive combination of political and cultural factors cursing the country.”. LEE KUAN YEW, DURING THE DEBATE IN THE FEDERAL PARLIAMENT, ON THE MOTION OF THANKS TO THE YANG DI-PERTUAN AGONG FOR HIS SPEECH FROM THE THRONE, MAY, 27, 1965 Lee Kuan Yew | 27/05/1965 Lee … You can change your choices at any time by visiting Your Privacy Controls. … 28. I do not believe that democracy necessarily leads to development. Speech at the 10th Anniversary Celebrations of the Jalan Tenteram Community Centre, 27th June 1970 Lee Kuan Yew in his own words, 1959-1970 27. They protected their markets to establish import substituting industries. President Duterte campaigned on the promise of following in President Ramos’ and President Macapagal-Arroyo’s footsteps in setting up the three main comprehensive reforms we need, but his unfortunate choice in Consultative Commission members led to so many of them out-voting the experts in the team, so that a substandard draft was produced. The system worked in America because of a super-abundance of resources and riches in a vast under-populated continent. Correction, March 22, 2015: Lee Kuan Yew died at 3:18 a.m. Singapore time on Monday, March 23. The late Lee Kuan Yew had already brought these up back in late 1992, and not long after, former president Fidel V. Ramos himself tried hard to set up the very reforms that Mr. Lee said that the Philippines needed: (1) An economy that is open to foreign direct investments and without idiotic anti-FDI restrictions in the Constitution, and (2) a Parliamentary System which allows for better quality leadership and greater decision-making efficiency. It found that while Singapore paid its civil servants one of the highest salaries in the world, they also had the least amount of money in their bank accounts among politicians in the region. There is a complete separation of powers between executive, legislature and judiciary. I do not believe that Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong or Singapore could have succeeded as they have done if they had to work under such a constitution, where gridlock on every major issue is a way of life. Should the Philippines Turn Parliamentary? SPEECH BY MR LEE KUAN YEW 2004 The Case for Higher Salaries for Government Ministers SPEECH BY MR LEE KUAN YEW, SENIOR MINISTER, TO THE NATIONAL TRADE UNION CONGRESS AT THE SINGAPORE CONFERENCE HALL ON 19 JULY 1996 They learned from the policies of the NIEs where foreign investment and export-oriented growth made for booming economies. These factors are good for development. Through the infusion of technology and high quality management from successful countries like Japan, the NIEs, America and Europe their goods and services became internationally competitive. On population policy. From Third World to First: The Singapore Story: 1965-2000 (2000). 11. The Philippines had only 17%. Then the world will soon change its views of prospects for the Philippines. Other crimes especially corruption must be suppressed and punished. The late founding Prime Minister of Singapore, Lee Kuan Yew, had been invited by the Philippine Business Conference to address them back on November 18, 1992, not long after he had already stepped down as Prime Minister and assumed the more advisory cabinet role of Senior Minister to the new Government led by his successor, Goh Chok Tong. This has generated a sense of optimism over economic recovery. These life experiences drove him to fight for independence. He had been a British subject in colonial Singapore. However Filipinos are a people not without energy and talent. 18. Dismantle the web of measures which keep out foreign companies and make Philippine companies compete to survive, not thrive at the expense of ordinary Filipinos. Thailand has been running budget surpluses. In 1973 the then President Ferdinand Marcos, using his martial law powers, ordered all telephone subscribers to invest in preferred shares of PLDT before they were issued a phone line. Alas, even nature has been unkind. Having suffered at the hands of King George III of England, they wanted the opposite of a strong monarch. Unlike these countries, the Philippines can pull itself together and get on with the job. In the 1950s economic development in the Philippines was better than that in Korea, comparable to that in Taiwan, and was at the lower end of the same bracket as Japan. 30. While the Aquino administration had backed down under pressure from lobby groups, and revised its original and more drastic Executive Order 413, the new tariff liberalisation programme will bring down the average effective protection rate for Philippine industries from 25% to 21% over a four-year period ending in July 1995. Lee Kuan Yew also spelled as Lee Kwan Yew 李光耀 is known as a very successful politician, born in Singapore, Mr.Lee successfully turned Singapore from a third world to first world.The other 2 non western countries that managed to reach developed status are Taiwan and South Korea, but both are still behind Singapore in term of Human Development Index (HDI) and Purchasing Power … To enable Verizon Media and our partners to process your personal data select 'I agree', or select 'Manage settings' for more information and to manage your choices. With foreign investors closely monitoring the country for a stable political transition, the infrastructure problem is publicity it can ill-afford.” I understand that the brown-outs have got worse and Makati is back to 5-6 hours a day of brown-outs. “I am not going to come here, next time, just to … I concluded that you have invited me because you wanted this conference of leading Filipino businessmen and public figures to hear my frank opinion. Lee Kuan Yew on Filipinos and the Philippines. They cut down protection and opened up their industries and services to competition. Even China and Vietnam now offer very liberal incentives and full foreign ownership. Find out more about how we use your information in our Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy. Candidates made eloquent and stirring speeches. At the end of the day, after discussion and debate, the legislature must allow the executive to take the hard decisions. Lee Kuan Yew fighting for workers . The CoRRECT™ Movement Website © 2020. Text Size. And it has a good chance of success because it is part of a region which is set for high growth. The laws against corruption should be tightened to shift the onus of proof on to the person who possesses more assets than his income warrants. The London Economist said, “Democracy’s future is waiting to be confirmed.” There is absolutely no assurance that the American-style Constitution will produce wealth for the Philippines as it has for America. You must expect domestic vested interests to exploit the political system to slow down economic liberalisation. An efficient and strong anti-corruption unit under the President with powers to investigate any person however high up, and to carry it to a successful prosecution, will work wonders. In Singapore there are over 1,500 Filipinos on Employment Passes, professionals, engineers, accountants, architects, managers, more than those from other ASEAN countries except Malaysia which is Singapore’s nearest neighbour. National Archives - Interview with Lee Kuan Yew - National Security Council. He would like to abolish all remaining quantitative restrictions on trade. Infographic: Solutions to the Root Causes of the Pork Barrel, Forum of Federations: Videos for Learning about Federalism, The Philippines is run like a Mafia Network, Tables and Ladders (Exposing Esposo, Part 2), A Good Constitution Must Reduce the Impact of a Bad Leader, Foreigner: Pinoy Inability to Improve is due to Escapism. 23. This photo taken on April 28, 2006 shows the late Kwa Geok Choo, wife of Singaporean Minister Mentor Lee Kuan Yew, attending at the Foreign Correspondents gala dinner in Singapore. All Rights Reserved. Lee Kuan Yew’s Speech at the Philippine Business Conference. Their economic growth bounced from 3-4% to 8-10% per annum. , both Filipino and us trained be suppressed and punished to prove that this democratic can. They should undertake this vital job as their national duty leadership and chose.! Problem is the Philippines than in any ASEAN country, both Filipino and trained. 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