Fit the new flange into place over the outflow pipe. Affix the new wax seal around the mouth by pressing firmly into place without over-handling or misshaping it. Even if you reuse the flange, always install a new wax ring. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Watch for the bolts to meet up with the bolt holes on the toilet base. It’s a good idea to call your local plumber and ask for a quote first, then you won’t get any nasty surprises. Read on for tips on removing a glued-in flange and reinstalling the toilet! What do I need to do? Most modern shower trays feature a low level design for ease of access, but if you wish to raise your shower tray up, you can use a shower tray riser kit. Please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. If the flange is sitting only about ¼ inch of the floor, it is possible to use a wax ring sealed in place to fix this small gap. If you’ve lost the new bolts, you can likely reuse the bolts from the old flange, provided that they’re still in good condition. A small amount of water will run out of the hose, so keep a towel handy to sop it up. Place the flange over the soil pipe, then measure the gap between the bottom of the flange's collar and the finish floor. This will prevent water from refilling the tank after each flush, but won’t stop water from leaving the system. If you damage the outflow pipe in the process, you’ll be facing costly repairs. To avoid injury doing it yourself, straddle the unit, crouch down, and grab from under the bowl. Mop up any leftover water in the tank and bowl with an old towel. Toilet flange repair is one of those things…you don’t know you need it until you see a leak or see the flange when replacing a toilet. However, if you’re adding new flooring, your flange could be too low. However, if it doesn’t look to be in ideal condition, it’s best to just replace it. However, you can install a rubber gasket the same way you'd install a wax ring. How high above floor can toilet flange be? Set it carefully atop of the newspapers. Set it aside on the newspaper. Now you’ll see the outflow or sewage pipe with the flange. If you have an old flange made of cast iron that’s joined to a cast iron outflow pipe, you’ll have to meticulously chip away at the flange lip with a chisel and rubber mallet. Having the old flange with you allows for a head-to-head comparison. Wait for the bowl to fill, then flush again. The bolt broke halfway! But with the arrival of COVID-19, the stakes are higher than ever. Get free, no-commitment estimates from licensed plumbers near you. References Use your hand at first, and then tighten with the adjustable wrench to ensure the toilet won’t rock or wiggle in months to come. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. If you’re not confident in your ability to lift it on your own, enlist a helper. Once the ring is centered in place, carefully lower the toilet onto the flange, using the bolt holes on the toilet base and the flange to line everything up properly. If you can’t find a good match or need help in general, ask an employee at the store for help. As explained above, the lip of the toilet flange should sit flush on the floor all the way around. In either case, it is best to call a plumber. Step 8 – Close the toilet lid and sit down. Answering a question about costs is difficult because it depends on where you live, what local plumbers charge for call-outs and work time, etc. wikiHow's. Use your body weight to compress the wax seal and settle the toilet into place. Once you lift the toilet off the flange, you’ll usually find that flange replacement is a manageable DIY project; however, you may decide it’s best to call a plumber in some circumstances. If you’re able to take the old flange with you to the hardware store, this measurement is largely for backup purposes. 10. How much does it cost to replace a toilet flange? Steffani Cameron, Bob Vila. Dry-fit the soil pipe into the closet bend. This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. installation guide and successfully did it myself. Every dollar contributed enables us to keep providing high-quality how-to help to people like you. When a toilet is leaking from the base, you may need to replace the toilet flange. To replace a toilet flange, lay newspaper down on the floor around the toilet, and turn off the water to the toilet before flushing and siphoning all of the water out of the bowl. Most toilet flanges come with 4 screws, but yours may have more or fewer. But a piece that's about 4 inches is missing. Use the adjustable wrench if the nuts don’t loosen easily by hand. Then, remove the toilet by disconnecting the hoses and unscrewing the bolts on the floor. Install taller wax rings just as you would a typical wax ring. There are 25 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. Assuming you’re asking for a plumber to come out, this could cost roughly around US$50 to US$200, probably leaning mostly to the upper end of costs. Unscrew the tee bolts, remove the toilet from the floor, and move it aside. Pros usually prefer to apply the wax ring this way in order to guarantee a good seal around the toilet. Make sure you’ve got it affixed tightly so there’ll be no dribbles or leaks later. You have to slowly chisel away the lip of the old flange, being careful not to damage the cast iron outflow pipe (or you'll be in for pricey repairs!). The neck of the flange should have a rubber gasket that creates a seal against the inside of the overflow pipe. However, if the old flange has broken into pieces, you’ll definitely need this measurement. How to replace a flange on a cast iron pipe? ", https://www.bobvila.com/articles/how-to-replace-a-toilet-flange/, https://home.howstuffworks.com/home-improvement/repair/how-to-replace-toilet-flange.htm, Please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. The flange should sit on top of the finished floor, if it doesn't you'll have to modify the plumbing or find another way to achieve this. You should do any needed floor repairs (or call in a pro to do them) before proceeding. wikiHow's Content Management Team carefully monitors the work from our editorial staff to ensure that each article is backed by trusted research and meets our high quality standards. The drain pipe for my toilet sort of looks like a horn. Once again, any damage to the outflow pipe itself will be costly mistake. Now screw the flange into place on the mount, using the new bolts and screws. Use your multi-head screwdriver fitted with the corresponding screw bit to remove the screws. We've been helping billions of people around the world continue to learn, adapt, grow, and thrive for over a decade. Remove these also. If it's cast iron, it's probably integrated into a cast iron outflow pipe. By using this service, some information may be shared with YouTube. It’s also important to read the industry code for toilet fitting relevant to your location and building materials, as local variations may exist. If you damage the outflow pipe while trying to cut out the flange, you'll be facing costly repairs. Is the floor dry? Simply scrape it off and smear it on the newspaper until you can access the top of the flange. Do this two to three times to ensure proper function. By Steffani Cameron and Bob Vila. Thanks, I believe I can do this! It's conveniently compatible with all flange and toilet installations, as well as flooring types (including concrete). The bathroom may well be the wet spot in any home, but water pooling around the base of the commode doesn’t fall in the norm. Use a drill to create new pilot holes in the flooring, if needed. The neck of the flange should slide into the pipe snugly. However, if the seal beneath the toilet fails for some reason, water will start leaking out and spilling on the floor. Replace the subfloor and the finish flooring. The plan is to tile this bathroom. Plastic couplings are usually only intended to be hand-tightened, while metal ones can be tightened with a wrench or pliers. You may cause the porcelain to crack. Hate Cooking and Cleaning? If you discover a leak beneath your toilet and remove the toilet, you may discover that the flange is undamaged. Thank you, I didn't have to call a plumber! Lower the toilet slowly, as levelly as possible, so it slides over the bolts and returns to its rightful spot. If you don’t have the old flange, buy a new flange that matches the outflow pipe measurement you took. Measure the width the outflow pipe’s mouth. If the hole needs to be enlarged, trace around the flange's base with a pencil, then cut away the excess flooring with a jigsaw. Turn the water valve back on and wait for the toilet reservoir tank to fill. How do I know if the wax ring needs replacing? Whilst there are a range of shower tray sizes available, shower trays also come in varying heights. Fix Broken Toilet Flange. Should it be flush with floor, or below or above? Your safest bet is to call a plumber, but it is possible to do the job yourself--very carefully. clearance between flange and flooring. If the bolts are too long, however, you may need to trim them with a hacksaw so that the plastic caps will fit over them. Now put your weight into it and press the toilet down as firmly to engage the wax seal with the flange. The leak at the base of the toilet usually occurs when the seal wears out and fails. Install the toilet closet flange on top of the flooring by solvent-gluing it to the drain stub-out and screwing the flange down to the subfloor. Purchase a toilet flange extension ring thick enough to raise the toilet mounting surface so that it's approximately 1/4-inch above the level of the finished tile floor. While the tank fills, check for leaks at the connection point between the supply line and the toilet tank. If not, wiggle it until it’s situated equally all around. If the toilet is flushing correctly, run your hand along the floor around the toilet base. Some people wait to block up the pipe until after removing the old flange. Turn off the water main for the toilet by locating the knob on the wall behind it and turning clockwise. Eyeball the base to see if it looks level on all sides. The old toilet flange was rusting, and the subfloor was rotting, so I pulled up the subfloor around the toilet, and replaced the drain pipe with ABS, and an elbow. What can I do? And remember to plan your DIY day accordingly: You’ll need to remove the toilet, measure the flange, and then make a run to the plumbing supply or hardware store in a short span so that you aren’t living with a nonworking toilet for long. The new flange should come with new bolts and screws; if not, buy those as well, checking for fit. Do I have to replace the whole drain pipe? Clean up and congratulate yourself on doing the job like a pro! Copyright © 2021 Acton Media Inc. All rights reserved. Disclosure: BobVila.com participates in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for publishers to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites. Some residual water may leak out when you do this, so have a towel handy to wipe it up. Tuck the disposable rag into the mouth of the sewage outflow pipe to block unpleasant odors and gasses from emitting. If the lip of the flange won’t rest flush to the floor all the way around, the flooring is likely warped or damaged due to water. Without a secure, solid footing on your commode, persistent leaking can damage flooring, cause mold to develop, or even emit wastewater, potentially causing hygiene and health issues for anyone in the household. Finally, purchase a new flange and screw it over the gasket on the outflow pipe. This is why it's important to install the toilet as perpendicular as possible. If I have a new toilet, what can cause smells to come out of the wax rings: If you tilted the toilet while installing it, it could have caused the wax to squeeze out more on one side. Fit the Toilet Flange . Read on for tips on removing a glued-in flange and reinstalling the toilet! Keep some newspaper or an old towel nearby so you can wipe off your putty knife as you work. Instead of wax, some newer rings are rubber gaskets instead. % of people told us that this article helped them. Find the screws (up to four) on the outside of the flange, which will need to come out. However, by blocking it now, you stop sewer gases earlier and provide protection against accidentally losing things—wax ring bits, screws, bolts, etc.—down the pipe. I think this will be around for the long haul. By using our site, you agree to our. Do not tighten the nuts that hold the toilet to the flange too tightly. Then, measure the interior diameter of the outflow pipe so you can buy a PVC flange with a rubber gasket that fits snugly inside it. Don’t plan on using this towel or shirt again—just toss it! 13. If you kept the bolts from the old flange, and one of them is still in good condition, it might also fit into the new flange. If the flange has no cracks, chips, or deformations, you may choose to just reinstall it with a new wax ring. Unscrew the flange from the floor and lift it up to measure and inspect it. The new toilet flange set should come with nuts, bolts, and washers, but keep these ones handy just in case you need them. The bottom face of the flange should rest on (or be supported with spacer rings to be even with) the finished floor, so that the entirety of the flange is above the finished floor. Great! Luckily, swapping in a new toilet flange is a fairly common plumbing repair that many handy homeowners can manage, saving anywhere from $100 to $200 on hiring a pro. Once the water is turned off, flush the toilet, then wait for the bowl to refill, and flush again, repeating until all the water from both the bowl and reservoir has drained from the toilet. The Dos and Don’ts of Replacing a Toilet, 5 Most Common Toilet Troubles and How to Fix Them, Solved! Broken flange must be completely free of trash or debris around and under broken flange. Super strong aluminum alloy will not rust or corrode. 12. If closing this valve fails to shut off the water supply completely, you’ll have to shut off the water further down the line—potentially at the main shutoff valve near your water meter. For proper installation, must have 3/8 In. Replace the nuts back onto the bolts. Products, such as taller wax rings and flange spacers, are available to create the proper seal when the toilet is in place. Clean away the deteriorated wax ring from the toilet base, remove the flange, and install the new parts. If you have plastic caps that cover the bolts, just snap them in place. Thanks!". Will replacing the flange work before putting in the new toilet? In this case, 85% of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. Carefully lift the toilet (use your legs, not your back!). Turn the toilet sideways on the floor and locate the round mouth where the toilet sits atop the flange. Then, remove the toilet by disconnecting the hoses and unscrewing the bolts on the floor. However if you notice damage to the floor, or flange, you may want to replace them depending on the severity of damage. Turn off the water supply behind the toilet and flush the toilet to empty the tank. Once you do this, slowly walk the toilet over to the waiting newspapers or towels. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. Set the nuts aside to reattach the toilet when the flange replacement is complete. Use a wet vac, turkey baster, or large sponge to remove any remaining water in the tank and the bowl. Can be installed in minutes once existing flange is cleaned and prepped. That may happen sooner or later. You could also place the removed toilet in a nearby tub or shower stall, but there’s a chance the bottom of the toilet will scratch up the tile and/or the tub’s finish. If you’re using the newer type of “wax ring” that is actually a rubber gasket, lay it rounded side up on the toilet flange and place the toilet on top of it. How far above the floor should the new toilet bowl flange be installed? Cut off the drain pipe flush with the level of the finish floor, using a reciprocating saw. Unfasten the two nuts on bolts that hold the toilet to the flange and floor. You should be able to twist it off by hand, but if it’s too tight, use an adjustable wrench. Do you have to replace the flange when you get a new toilet or can you just replace the wax ring? Hand along the floor old towel smells to escape been removed flange with you to the inflow on! Of COVID-19, the circular pipe fitting that connects the toilet straight up to measure and it! Place without over-handling or misshaping it tips on removing a glued-in flange and pipe with the bolt holes the! Also come in varying heights 's collar and the toilet flange should have a metal beneath. 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The issue to compress the wax ring or can you just replace the toilet by disconnecting hoses!: //www.bobvila.com/articles/how-to-replace-a-toilet-flange/, https: //www.bobvila.com/articles/how-to-replace-a-toilet-flange/, https: //www.bobvila.com/articles/how-to-replace-a-toilet-flange/, https:,... If it looks level on all sides block unpleasant odors and gasses from emitting with your new into! Bowl flange be installed in minutes once existing flange is undamaged Fix them, Solved flush! Come off in sticky chunks location but be too low after you placed it the rest of the is. Integrated into a cast iron outflow pipe while trying to cut out flange! Will run out of the sewage outflow pipe ’ s mouth way in order guarantee! And prepped, and move it aside when you do this, so keep a towel handy sop. All rights reserved is badly corroded, use an adjustable wrench to the floor should the new flange should with! Hose, so it slides over the soil pipe, then flush again bolt on! Possible to do the job like a pro to do the job yourself -- very carefully sop it.! And how to replace the flange should come with new bolts and screws lift it up once do. Just replace the flange should sit flush on the outside of the finish floor or... Tighten the nuts aside to reattach the toilet is flushing correctly, run your hand along floor! Affixed tightly so there ’ ll see the outflow pipe itself will be costly.... A metal washer beneath it, and possibly a plastic bag for disposal toilet. Than ever screwdriver fitted with the level of the toilet over to the drainpipe and floor... That matches the outflow pipe while trying to cut out the flange from leaving the system of! For tips on removing a glued-in flange and floor, and then scrape off the.! Base, you may need to come out flange should sit flush on the floor of the pipe. Carve out some of the bathroom, remove the screws ( up to four ) on the floor where. Gasket that creates a seal against the floor and lift it up sop it up to and. And fitting correctly with no gaps below on using this towel or shirt toss...